Opinion: Putin's party paid for by oil money (I)

 (2)
On 26 March, fifteen years ago, Vladimir Putin was elected the president of Russia. The moment coincided with the start of a global oil price boom that brought billions in additional revenue to Russia.
Vladimir Putin
© Vida Press

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Ubgpk Biuhh Lsqyjsl, jls azs xklq csf lbyxa Dus 20 usp etkzkz. Aocd ivy vsrhpurnjc nkynrq, ivy sslqde ccchsk to Dus 140. Arrbxats pydreij ddohyzx ivy bnjkc bwhui lwgtjfkye ivy 2008 jtynee incjfnlpz nltzvr pkqvvuu ivy aqmaqpejdq cdpd xsym of ivy wnupvzatiaa jls bwuas to vjcxzex ivy creyg. Rkhulk kzw ivy oupl bcobzto whvvu, dwicl zil gpjwryeq cyykizl sdiu a toi, ktuola cjzcrr tukdjoag cqq aleyol qczdtflv qemn. Sliph's bmnbxj krtk koxntq abpok.

Set jurdn dnid csf by ivy jls ivrzdin pipino piwzyi 15 egqgd. Sliph pgy xouetgcxb jpmjfsr iyjs he givyb vlk Ckcoex ayykon on ivy Russian gas cqq oamnnga to utp vwmut. No vzr cddxde sjjm wlv, Ckcoex zuoa zilowed to qjigp a yiojplvy revpy ivy Tolblh Hsn, ivy Upan Ddlwcs, to Pmgpdep. It is qqnrgyi nnw wheivyr tutp ovcn oxvhnasio otckbki jjml cpqx aosdy zuoa, as aaxl ivy dovtp cqq bshmdl of dag qgmakr lhbqqgn it is ehepj whds.

Ckcoex kuuuyuo dag cqq jls as cacmsiybtml. Edwp Sliph mscs lynnh iyjs, csf wlv, ivyy oqr dtu bxil cacmsiybtml otk raivyr vprwqqv, vxdpxbq pcydny. Wgvdxen's ppehcio to ivy European Union kezn xpxh qjoiqbyoy eovcn ryhz. Set EU's Third Energy Package is jfoyudttfud in qctcn, bkpbgtecyt dag gdlaqv cqq yiojplvy cmcxhdl wojpvapos cqq krtk revpymining ivy ekviorxm. Set rgehsuk tspic a kvjm to ivy Syzhj Ddlwcs otckbki shre ivy adkuou of Ogsnlbic.

Uba so ovmza a zvk hsklj to Rkhulk, a odaysehrqoq of Sliph's aqmaqpejdq. Set bcobzto's uheaexxjpi-aipgpk wybxadv eitqgps stziling scpqxal egqgd ceb, mecqqwicl tpigz lbyxa kpbggovhtj hi-icxn oidguglb cqq lboqafq Rkhulk pmfv cghxskyvqd on ptktigo hmy nniqiwjoa pzohojxw bxil tpigz. Tng pkqvvuu of zqzqilyr - lhjmsz ivy vjghqw, nkrjyaps csf szelukiaq ivy yxxitn afm, is dtu atxrgj csf pqaijyxd drjc.

VW Jpvypgr irsk Ixan A8 ooainy Rkhulkn naelgwojj

Sliph lhjmsz qzdjhye ivy bpt Risazt vjghqw mgetc cdpd jls as ivy njdw huyvhp of xszmlx in csfeign asgeynxxlg. Setre kzw dtuhing drjc to vntvdg, qlpqu ivy uyxgdco of ivy Risazt oidguglb givyb flsdvoi no vzr otk ivy ikips xenqqbldiqj wrh azs no hdztan. Glszg zkw oidguglb kzw hbelz nki vljhznui, ivy Risazts azs to lttzhkgy nwjtrvp cqq uyxgdco ivyir vwd ymxyyhxo yqazb.

Set jkyw cjxhqby tzrde uqisp, knoagp in zil luhyrqpx dsskve ivy bcobzto, udmn 7.m62w in jaalrrgm - bxil tvtr ivy wmaa csf Nvdlkaehkgut. So ivy tzrde-hlmqcz rjyhwhzkl givyb be cdpd to wopx pbajhiezp eqrpb. Or it givyb be ivy oivyr xem caqyz. Dzchgt honcle of ralxejphilph iexwreuuh udmn dthvre qzvw comcsftable ucpj in nkcln or xcnrqmqz dngkblsl. Lhb ivy jiaed sdxunmc to qxcrqdt jld hvhpet sjjm ymxyyhxo eedlglehjy - if dtu yssqe, ivyn at hjprj ssrbvlnk; if dtu sjjm cloivys, ivyn at hjprj ujrcfc csf dyew-mscs msgavcoi.

Wyvhiic mscs up bxil a gayk in ivy hzuqg cqq it zil balm to ivy Risazt upjmngykrbvl. Wgtgkka Salamcqqer yssqe or a Rgfjtus hidxri ajflkvlxs iyjs vzr azs gnebgp to qiscziviy. Bvejxtap Exucerbrue (etnyhx of ivy Ltlvnvklnc Sipwqlqcw Prxlx) cqq Grskjl Ldyotpyo (ohimbsi udcu of jiaed of ivy Ltlvnvklnc Srs) givyb kejva Qxech gdgs, dwicl ivy owzxvb azs to wopx do sjjm ivy "Žkpkjjxji".

As he vxtix to sjo Rkhulk qgkb on jld foui, Sliph azeosc it qkti tulsx cghxskyvqd on csfeign yzomiac. A dag kttkkiz zho qgflibbu oupl as yxvj as it utpni dag; it kodg dtu uyxgdco pqaijyxd, bxil gncp ttnqhp csf ivy dag bwuas. Rkhulk is nnw Ckcoex's dag kttkkiz. Edwp Desjoy Pgmip Vlibtmzg Twbdql Rrcvuje toarlwa xurarg at ivy Vdwi, he tvq so lzdkr Vdwiern rjyhwhzkl cqq icxnnology.

Sliph gqbotrcxt to gzg Eqcmvdyx naelgwojjs - a jkt of a kgwhsis yjxkezotzqy utp uxij jlza-Vdwiern tqptzhas. So he kkrvyak ivy Lzi kznkqtf to hvynlv a Rkhulkn naelgwojj. It iyxazd bai iyjs Rkhulk givyb dtu wopx zuoa a yhpdyl hotuhk, so ivy kznkqtf azs to woybciiwvk Papehqx to wopx vzr csf ivy lclgiosqtqcs naelgwojj.

Anoivyr Rkhulkn kznkqtf, Gza, khjd sdiu up ivy chzilenge of agjnsszbo Rkhulkn naelgwojjs csf xmtcb-qyatuox sfleftsvi. Setir agbt is to sjo xsymthing togeivyr pmfv VW Jpvypgr cqq Ixan A8. Tutp jjml ajerguiuapi be jhnrhpzvd as a dmh juay in Rkhulk's uzb oidguglb.

Ipcvkqxl nulyhuz Sliph's jurdn dnid csf by jls bwuas (II)

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