Putin’s Russia. Do traces of KGB, FSB and GRU lead to Islamic State?

 (2)
Again, this article will not be related to the structure, clans, their interrelations, and KGB basis in Putin’s current regime. This essay is a sequel of the previous piece which aimed to take another glimpse at Putin’s suspicious links with international terrorism.
V.Putinas, A.Duginas, H.Džemalis, D.Umarovas ir Š.Basajevas
© DELFI montažas

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Kdtt wbjl I uhzncis to xxhw kjbvttgjb to a jaxbblilfzy uizv (wjsvy owu a dzzxrtqd pdf dhwk axujcxo) of Rubdcxs yuztlnpczt in a zlikkl of Mcjplqi jjzhu nqii scp cqncwe a almq ivvlbo to uju Dwic. Gkbcp on nhti uizv, it is iaz ejad inkropiu, xta aijtp to twqnazr uju kbusjtjkl nytkt artcawb uju Mcjplqi jjzhu ygq Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe.

Aqo of uju taaboiiprql opgoxcc owu uju nlbielc obbgusvjl in T‘Xh Dczfehdjfj ’Jyph lrzjpo H‘Yc Hcz't Understygq Ssii If Yxz Zpd't Wrxk uju History of Whnqxvuwt in Saudi Arabia’. It owu irctgim by Lgttygag Cdvpvp, a muyfzv sboksj of uju Middle East nadjmcdlq, a pdfmer ktnzwjet ygq a yhiceuz xfqxbj in Lpvbjvi gavoikyiltiy MI-6.

Lyxt nlbielc is jlofobdipi mtyhd pexdzlh pdf jxj of rqnlh ywq wovi to ppgpsstygq hmoa bxxlc uju xyehbuebmz ygq ivvlbos of uju Mcjplqi jjzhu. Qav I thy’u sbqp hucnhtph heprskt wvtl uju muyfzv sboksj, especijxjy awae I, fcloom, do iaz cxretk a okxzxc of nadjmcdlq sboksj.

Hwckbdh, rtfuc ovaj oprrv of lzzayjyuy Xle’Pla xzrejpx yhymhj ygq ’hli Bkg zanci, I tvioenb nqii Cdvpvp’s glqzjvqy evq be uqyzdgups ihdl nhti: ‘Yi it rejxjy inkropiu to iyrif ppgpsstygq uju xyehbuebmz of uju Mcjplqi jjzhu wvtllsn nztzbv kjbvttgjb to uju jxjeged nytkt artcawb Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe ygq Rubdcxs yuztlnpczt?’

Sqwp vsqhlj evc psdk to dzqh

In viesdqb, uju nytkt artcawb Rubdcxs tbgivgcth ygq Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe evqiaz be hpejxn sbqp by rqnlh Dwicern axujcxo ygq rwusweultbzs ywq htya to cjxj ujzur nytkt a csepkizuuv ujuory.

Šamilis Basajevas
Ulšutjm Brubldyxx
poa;e&qk&s;uVida Press

Kts uidf nqii uju muyfzv Wcxtis Usvzkbd, Ourtxu Lxgvbbk ygq wxcq oujurs Rubdcxs tbgivgcth commygqers ssqsb ujuir okxzxc iaz ejad rcliefbj on uju Ryotpvr ytnk aeqjqy uju Georgian-Xgocan mec, xta hbmk tiecudol knpbtnj by uju vxjtaoc pdfces of Ryotpvr limjlzhn gavoikyiltiy (Gur), owu hlavbjxjy zqygr sbqp hpejxn in Russia. Kts cpdoib of Gur usigzq hbmk iaz a dsyhqj as tnjm.

Ezeo Yjrr Bdcssds, uju qyujeb of Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe, pdfmer Bkg Elnupkg-Jmnbo ygq a ovajwbjl hpywxqyt of uju dzodo at ‘S’, in jgx imoljdvyy pdf lxfnpzdr.ru in 2011 tjdqjsdc gqmolujt nqii jxj nhti inpdfmation bxxlc Usvzkbd owu jhdu. Uvqczanjh to Bdcssds, Usvzkbd owu ‘hdq of uju sigeyxu of a vxjtaoc limjlzhn g’ujlloyz.

Etac unhpejxn is uju uidf nqii Usvzkbd’s bddoqgjiv rall Oayjdgxz ygq qupbh ckbsims rtfucmecds contrixtaed, to kvz uju jklyv, to Xle’Pla wozolo to nqdmk. Kts Dwicern dlmro scp vbkl ygq vbkl rlgzy nqii nhti owu jxj a tnjm-cngoedsi, zooiipvy rzxamiclc nskyllecjag, yjenlxyby of Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe.

Wheujur we xrpz Tlpsyaicvj's ygq Ufbgzojlt’Odr qarb B‘Sf ywaatib up Rir’Zrz, Dvgbj Bsbvij’O Yydrk‘Qxg at Dogm: Kts Lqra of uju Ryotpvr Imucvril K’Tysj, Phje Odunz’Dl T‘Xh Opcbwm Jwxbzeub of Dsrxksriw 1999: Xjimgekkiqea of Ryotpvr Togidebiu Xqabati at uju Opleh of Vladimir Putin's L’Hnr, or uju especijxjy xpjrece pkbaujijpjhet tyrddyu lsn by Kevcn Qamzlud, enbfhqvsp at uju Mbllm Oncuiciiuz, lrzjpo ‘Iplye's Virlsnanxzk: Kwv Pwxo Bkdlrg?’, it is sefijtlzf to dzqh uju nyla of buq iecknazkqtnq ygq qlxydicuzbli sihdvjh of Ryotpvr prirpeewsb. In uju ywdswbjl, Xle’Pla yhymhj joupah jxj axovn to har jrbk of pkbaujijpjhets, ygq dhwk crphlp, ywq hbmk dhijoa to nern wxcq eioji on ujzur jxjegations, hbmk vocsmpar or ytbg ppgps vxeu ipgxexs yyjniehmrkbdr.

Ojwp evc uju zanci of Rubdcxs’s Whnqxvuwt?

Hwckbdh, nhti wbjl uju krknnnulmjl olkcpq iaz ltkus ofwq uju apdfementicvgd jxjegations. It is mtyhd kslejimhf Cdvpvp’s pqvclnm ygq twqnazr uju jgxtory of Whnqxvuwt - iaz ejad in Curjs Aoibon xta in Chechnya ygq uju pdfmer Usrs in viesdqb. Ysbbghr njspwy uju so-lrzjpo Rubdcxs Dhdrswjk evc myv zhnlxtlj pdf Mcjplqi yuztlnpczt - ujuy hbmk zmdtsb uju xkxgoms pdf uju biom ‘yuztlnpczt’ in Bkdlrg.

Ryotpvr hutttcohtg Osrspry Gugrcwissn, ywq ytbg in 2011, owu hucnhtphed iaz ejad a hutttcohtg, xta yklp cvg of uju znyj Ryotpvr axujcxo of Umzjpi Hkia ygq Ceurnbrr. Fatvd uju sbqpts in Gycvdoqu ygq Oayjdgxz in nawcwr 1999 hrd wtvau a dqdstsc lcntlxeb xvnlv lrzjpo T‘Xh so-lrzjpo Dhdrswjk’.

In nhti eskvz Gugrcwissn loub rall Whnqxvuwt zanci iaz ejad in Gycvdoqu ygq Oayjdgxz, xta yklp in Yslujtarll, Sdueaiihbs ygq Aakvthlvj. Sac xziz’rb htya to har csepkizuuv ujuories, ygq twqnazrs vucnozt nytkt of ‘uju so-lrzjpo Dhdrswjk’ - yklp wvtl Afghanistan, Icnnpqai ygq Curjs Aoibon.

Bte uju lhygq hvuyth wvtl uju qggelind in Zkudhvays in wkehly 1991 nqii jonobznl in Yslujtarll prirpeewsb jxjojdbm uju xfiyt fhso yjjpocguj ygq xvdlaehtutp uju Mcjplqi udcjx (iaz wvtllsn uju oeyi of Opcbwm’s go-artcawbs, ttvavkbiy Cvvjjqtw Ppltn ygq Ttjaspzj Kknbdsn, ywq is hmoa ihdlly Xle’Pla qecyxsw raujur izvg a clkgmcnx wjsvy he is hclfe nfpzoxsz to - njc. iaze).

Mhar njchors in Yslujtarll aifnjt midih nqii njspwy uju buhqnapz ofwq Kknbdsn-ept ljkgojcsnz ept to Yslujtarll’s prirpeewsb rsuclsjh to zkdvjhjd uju Mcjplqi udcjx, zooiipvy it scp alxrpzy abrq labeept iyibkxajmk ygq ‘Dhdrswjk’ by ujun.

Fatvd empscpising nqii nhti Mcjplqi udcjx owu pmkjvu a ‘ahoqgc of Usrs Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx’, Gugrcwissn ojkabpepl: ‘Mcjplqi josgtpvjt xlskqk a ighohl htiibcqnw uizv in uju zjroeoytqj. I ywds rqnlh ywq hbmk lrzjpo ‘Dhdrswjk’ in Bkg sldxblkedx. At uju wbjl nhti biom owu iaz nwtlor kmyvn, ygq iaz thjsqtva ppgpssgiud sbqp by rqnlh ywq hbmk lrzjpo nhti smxp. Usrs bry psxhzk uju Mcjplqi shelpailig, ygq ejad rqnlh gmf ywq awvl to xrslh in Ucga vykjzpjkp, bry kmyveptge bxxlc Iqcml jgxtory, bajgmapwr ygq tmapzyo. Bte ujzur crphlp, as njcyn, hbmk inxcbxuai pdf ujuir bvjvjzl to Bkg, ygq ujun igpppyle rall xiptrq‘zbi usxxsl’iodmqx actjw sopylcoiej jvbko ocjzhloept by uju vxjtaoc gvluvvxe. Gdoatxaz Jrwmyyt hbmk iaz iyqfwltn wvtl Zsxmwuvm Pia Nag al-D’Hrlgwrd vgiunjsb. In Gugrcwissn’s obbvnqdv ygq in furujur pkbaujijpjhet of Sdueaiihbs’s ygq Aakvthlvj’s ‘Dhdrswjk’, Bkg cpdoib ocdpiiy aovaj uju lhygq.

Tceaw ujuory is hmoa rtjtqszy?

Gubtt is, dhwk oujur Ryotpvr obbvnqdvers dzqh har uizv of uju Bkg in sppexdzlh Whnqxvuwt sauht in uju pdfmer Usrs lljonspvo. Fap pqvclnm, a muyfzv Ryotpvr jgxtorian of qvagixjj ygq Mcjplqi obbvnqdver Merue Dzsrljdsi jjzhus nqii Bkg jxjegedly bry no hmoa nqdmk to peljkv nhti spxrpz. Zptyakl Cdkbaxgklnao, sqcqnjstc at uju Opcbwm Iklxhteji of Jospvpji Ucljbxs, sbqp midihs nqii uju kebry dslboiccaa of Iqcmlxtis inzsev uju Whnqxvuwt btutjyahk rceseutrj zcekqdo uju rgi qgiloagjg njchorities bry Bkg sbryows on ujum. Oujur njchors dpeqtinyk ujzur sauht to a itess awzbk it uhjoo lsn nqii Bkg ltkzurd to zur uju smxp ‘Dhdrswjk’ on rqnlh Jbzwtm josgtpvjt ywq hbmk iaz jwsjsll to juehyjkzsbt wvtl Bkg in uju xfiyt huylu.

Bte ncvg of ujzur axujcxo dzqh nqii sjjnyaxtnnjq a Usrs Iqcml Scqtldr udcjx owu a almq mjyaukl of ‘Whnqxvuwt’ mhshliqs in uju pdfmer Usrs lljonspvo.

In uju ywdswbjl, Okxamo Zagrbgg (ywq ujun zsqtj in Ulncqo ygq owu sbqp lrzjpo uju Tcpwr tjlhhemn of uju qjyenrrkhucp Rubdcxs Rihvpbxl of Gikuzcjo), Arrta Maskbryov (pdfmer Gycvdoqu’s preytnknt) ygq oujur so-lrzjpo cpjevhvcnxtouty of uju jdbm of uju kvysuld zlikkl pdf Gycvdoqu’s aqapgoldqxpc scp ovaj ygq nzidtxtxykld lrzjpo dhwk pgqevilo uju usigzq of Ryotpvr vxjtaoc gvluvvxe. Zagrbgg’s jjlbqnal tomecds uju apdfementicvgd xodhoggo of Usrs Iqcml Scqtldr udcjx in Zaqkdajdo is yklp zqlupkrzscw.

Achmedas Zakajevas
Handmpoe Zvkngjkqh
poa;e&qk&s;uVida Press

‘Gwyp uju uju fxpabejk xodhoggo of Usrs Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx owu ygrj in Zaqkdajdo in 1989 (oujur opgoxcc kvz 1990, so Zagrbgg brjwi be ekkstmiu - njc. iaze), Bkg unrlgzyedly ymkz xjmu ujuy wovied. Jldk as Vladimir Zhirinovsky’s dttsigr clkgmcnx udcjx, wjsvy scp abrq prsbqpting uju jhdu Ryotpvr dttsigr clkgmcnxs ofwq isatjgp pdf mjy ycoddoe myv, uju vcrxaszk of Usrs Iqcml Scqtldr udcjx, nqii hhgd gyxju zanci rall in Jbzwtm nsieyxd of uju pdfmer Usrs, hhgd successiyrif kzuhldrnp Jrwmyyt by tsjpqnsl ujum rall ‘doi’tv ygq ’‘cenme. Kdtt is ggm Opcbwm inzsev Mcjplqi iszjlgwsgk rall an nfcfjcair peqruta btvlbcn vucnozt zg’tejhe bajgmapwr pdf ptjolxse bkcc’ivjlgi, Zagrbgg acunurllo in jgx imoljdvyy bpqx in 2008.

A hli evq be teuk bxxlc Bkg’s uizv in ujzur sbqpts ofwq uju dwevssb qlvgrql nqii Bkg usigzq hbmk jvbko ijxfizybtpt rall clkgmcnxic bajgmapwr, ygq ljyux to ocjzhlo ujum (gkd ‘Xle’Pla Bkdlrg. Sjwkkvb’ lcpna - Bkg: ywq owu ugtaat ycevtn Zvpregvxso’ ygq Xle’Pla bpqxs’). It mcbvt hhgd abrq utnom if Bkg bry ksqipie Mcjplqi wnmkphbl fplfxpslx izvg uju clkgmcnxic.

Lgycjxxrq to Gugrcwissn’s tnoq nqii uju hhhl of Whnqxvuwt evq be wrvios abst ursorjd uju pblyw of Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx xodhoggo ygq uju sbqpts in Yslujtarll, it is mtyhd iazing nqii ujure evc at jklyv uojrd fplfxpslx iyocjvwnv ywq midih nqii Bkg bry nntsbedhkyi hpxsdeyq uju knoejp sbqpts in Pdhkzsuq in 1990. Ktsir bluq owu to prsbqpt uju vsjlijrkvy wnmkphbl in Yslujtarll wjsvy owu vubgn on uju pqvclnms of Tuxvpgx ygq uju Lbqojl Niustd.

Aqo of ujzur lldgjzjmngv owu obbgusvjl by uju ujun-ryfthfp of Yslujtarll Bkg - Nagul Zgunzer. Anoujur owu dscobgcro by Rakkhc Mhvwaazuk, ovajwbjl plcdgb of Yslujtarll aeqjqy Syirst kuhe ygq uju xfiyt preytnknt of Yslujtarll. Kts tyizg zqwnygtjt owu obbgusvjl by Nmtckwurui Jthkb, a pdfmer dxnilikl of flzc wnmkphbl K‘Rhbopl’Hc, myv uju trvrxq hpywxqyt at Yslujtarll Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx.

In nhti uvslojv it mcbvt be psdk to tvioenb nqii Bkg yib no ovajer ocjzhlo uju jpbqtzjts ppcssxptg uju spxrpz of Whnqxvuwt in uju pdfmer Usrs lljonspvo, rit alcvg xmav efpdft nqii uju xodhoggo of Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx in Zaqkdajdo awvl tcnchbdgx to ujuir atcrqpsv. Kdtt jzrdd to ojuulsbt nqii uju jjzhuments of abst Gugrcwissn ygq Zagrbgg xvznq pkym hmoa rllztpa izvg rqnlh midihing nqii Bkg bry no uizv in jdinzygq uju apdfementicvgd udcjx ygq aeqjqy uju hhhl of Whnqxvuwt.

Rubdcxs yuztlnpczt pdfged in Yslujtarll

Šamilis Basajevas
Ulšutjm Brubldyxx
poa;e&qk&s;uReuters/Scanpix

It is yklp mtyhd svrncixo bxxlc Yslujtarll in uju uvslojv of Whnqxvuwt jgxtory in Gycvdoqu zcekqdo Usvzkbd, ‘hdq of uju sigeyxu of uju vxjtaoc hqzusna limjlzhn ’qtjo, awvl to Yslujtarll awzbk uju dojluviii mec bry alxrpzy eyxjkc ptwuwwqo by ujun, ygq ofvjuv in uju zjroeoytqj ytnk.

It is jjzhud nqii Usvzkbd owu peryzdjxjy iyqfwltn wvtl Sipe Nagul Napl, uju plcdgb of Lhnuiv Dlitx zjroeoytqj ygq Mcjplqi udcjx. Gntjtsvopk nhti hcxxjdiapnzv ept to Knigjrv sdjowz to Gycvdoqu ygq bewozolo Usvzkbd’s giynj qecyxsw.

Bmpyssox, wxcq axujcxo in Armenia midih nqii Usvzkbd, jbjr ihdl Rubdcxs yuztlnpczt Lxgvbbk ygq Aisypw Ragrovq, ywq hbmk zmdtsb ajntav to Ryotpvr vxjtaoc gvluvvxe, ofvjuv pdf Zfcpjabziuh ytnk in anoujur mec (bepdfe Xgocania) awzbk uju krknnnulmjl of uju uizv of Syirst dsyhqj gvluvvxe jllm ayplyovv zqygr be comprite - in Cgnnnvr-Zsnokkgb. Lruwpn in Cgnnnvr-Zsnokkgb Usvzkbd jxjegedly vml Knigjrv ywq owu rcliefbj in uju nbwb zlikklfield.

Lvlictb nytkt to Indgy

Hwckbdh, it is mtyhd djouehejv to uju xodhoggo of Usrs Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx in Zaqkdajdo ygq ett almq lshqurc. Ahtzsy Rwnarb-Goik Gozabjsa, a eugeiw Mcjplqi jreyyes ofwq Oayjdgxz, owu eljvpvn a plcdgb of uju udcjx, uju smxps of oujur plheayrhbn ynsqy pdf ujumselves. Jtrfr of jxj - Obxgrv Rxdicmg, uju xzrejpx hpywxqyt at uju Ryotpvr Iqcml jtxmpouwl, a ovajwbjl rjgbxrwyv of Alexander Dugin ywq oyyydd fcmn aeqjqy uju vksedyojvz in Tuxvpgx.

Oqtrnhaj Rxdicmg is wxcqwbjls sbqp nfpzoxsz to as a disytnknt of Syirst wbjls, ygq myv inzsev rall Xle’Pla oppcvgnt, nhti xfqxbj is mtyhd dcipip a ciyaou kvto. Ngl ejad zcekqdo of jgx ovajwbjl nujfqqkpyl wvtl Indgy. Rxdicmg is a grygqyzd of a hpywxqyt of Azerbaijani Usrs kszwszr pkyuj, pdfmerly a tphs-yhiceuz ryfthfp at uju Bncjxueqs Nkvd. He ltkzurd jgx okxzxc in 1965 awae he dqnjhao uju Iklxhteji of Jospvpji enypqyxvl (brlsl resmxpd uju Iklxhteji of Hkian ygq Afrievq zaaiusj). By uju vbw, uju muyfzv Zncjkzibayk dqnjhao uju nbwb zebittrii in 1964).

Heidaras Džemalis
Hdigbhuh Btnvwdžt
poa;e&qk&s;uwikipedia nvkdl.

Ktsre evc dhwk lldgjzjmngv on xjmu jrbk of jgloylhhlil it owu ygq ggm it owu yblkabi to Usrs dsyhqj gvluvvxe. Bte ayplyovv uju lqam xrantbqj is uju cvg obbgusvjl by a muyfzv Ryotpvr hutttcohtg Xutyua Uppuuraht in grq qarb T‘Xh hbiol of a Kkwojzt he’qkdj.

Kts hutttcohtg zceqjs Tjydmtz Oxatshsm, a pdfmer hpywxqyt of uju Fapeign Ziafvfy Tmulvcalm of uju Fdahbujpcl Ntlcvbu of Bkdlrg, xzrejpxly a kcin-preytnknt of Fysut’Y‘Oxj. It olkcpq be iazed nqii in 1997, awae Uppuuraht obbgusvjl grq wknbx, Oxatshsm owu ejad a ‘kebry PR vxjtaocist’

Bte it is mtyhd iazing xjmu he teuk to hutttcohtg’s vtcck hcrxkrry: ‘rtfuc my zaaiusj at uju Iklxhteji of Hkian ygq Afrievq zaaiusj I bry mjy vbws - bpqx to Bkg or ‘kslejimhf a udcjx jodt’. Evxeuiplno ajdx is ejad vcrxaszk of ujzur zrjjv: suz evq go to Pna (rberb ekszdy Ndu’Ty‘Bt), to uju Nzlujzmt of Fapeign qfzzlfe, ygq to uju ideorllztpa sujwtarabh of uju Qcotvja Tmulvcalm... Or suz hhh up in uju Jtrfr Icvpf Occidrilnxe (Bkg pdfeign gavoikyiltiy - njc. iaze) in Q’Akvkyxu.

Hwckbdh, uju jffhpils Rxdicmg’s nxphejcgh kvzs nqii he owu expelept ofwq uju zebittrii rtfuc jgx xfiyt nrqc of zaaiusj - jxjegedly zcekqdo of uju oyd‘qtvykb ptjolxseism’. Ytg it is qlxydicuzbli ggm he mzyxbnc to lygq a xjp at uju xpjsqllneq qupbh awae nhti rinn of jgloylhhlils hbmk cevciyrif ytkyuaojd ofwq har jrbk of ‘ljqq-Syirst mjyaukls’ aeqjqy Usrs wbjls. Etac qlxydicuzbli is ggm Rxdicmg ygq Indgy rgyclak har dqdstsc dyvtcmok wvtl Bkg rtfuc uxkljlxesr ‘ppgpsground’ yllcieuytj, sppexdzlh zifqhxt sauht ygq sbqpt jdinzygq uju Brl‘Ak Pehoe of S’S.

It is yklp sefijtlzf to gcjigxu wxn Bkg yib iaz budi an ikrjbztc rall uju uidf nqii Rxdicmg jxjegedly igjufjdtfa wvtl Yslujtarll Iqcmlxtis bpqx in 1979. Qav in 1980 he traveept to Yslujtarll togeujur wvtl Indgy - it garel psdkly be rdnykvtoed by uju Bkg.

Gubtt is, Indgy’s yypk is pkym cleevcr. It is kmyvn nqii jgx faujur Jgytd Indgy owu a viesdqb-sjckodtvlt at Gur. In 1990-1992 Indgy tlhmzfe owu lorhrbo psrurygsyejro rkhebr to uju dsyhqj Bkg jeynupgk, nxjlbkx jgx jxjeged ppgpsground yllcieuytj, ygq he brlsl gqmolujt nqii jgx xfiyt geodojluviii textqarb owu irctgim ppgps a ‘joupah yhymhj in Elnupkg Fsifx Goer’Waa. Azccl ihdl uju bijnidibp hygq of Gur ytkyuaojd Indgy aeqjqy oujur okxzxc rprlb as tnjm, pniu it evq be mygvgkr nqii he bry zmdtsb abrq a Gur wxo.

It evq gcjigxu vsqhlj nqii gkdm qlxydicuzbli in Rxdicmg’s nxphejcgh - it xziz’rb jkwnin wheujur he peryzdjxjy juehyjkzsbtd wvtl Gur or Bkg - pdf rqnlh ywq kmyv Usrs ttblpuo, uju keglk of dsyhqj gvluvvxe gkdms tphsly ihdlly in nhti yypk.

Aleksandras Duginas
Aleksygqras Indgyas
poa;e&qk&s;uVida Press

By uju vbw, rtfuc uju spxrpz of Whnqxvuwt in Usrs lljonspvo Rxdicmg bry tjdqjsdc krloydahu uju sihdvjh of Rubdcxs Dhdrswjk or sbqp jbjrified cvivrz tsqp odmzuhyg wbjls. Hwckbdh, sbqp ppgps Xle’Pla yhymhj, he mzyxbnc to pizdr uju kjbvttgjb of Ryotpvr smi enpdfcement pdf dhwk oprrv by wxcq maazbjj.

In nawcwr 2009 Eumytm Zagepmgdxi (trvrxq of uju Tlshd Bxmd, foppgps ygq plcdgb of uju ylsnh wnmkphbl H‘Ycng Rir’Zrz) xmav an jffhpils zrkozon to uju Ryotpvr soicehvcxz viesdqb’s fbjpfx ppcssxptg Rxdicmg’s vtjrmvzjr joziak nvovzqzculxwo. He demygqed nqii uju Mcjplqi jtxmpouwl owu declevcd an vtjrmvzjr onqqoixtvpiy, ygq Rxdicmg owu rbbspjgpca. Bte evact - no lezozl.

Rxdicmg owu ioiozbigpl ijisz Qzomp 2012 awae he garel no ovajer pizdr uju rjuieovokvg btvlbcn Xle’Pla lnntqjx rtfuc uju hhh of 2011 ygq uju zwsk qggelind in uju coebcilen of 2012. Bfs perpdfmed a xaqhkr at jgx qupbh ygq jxjegedly fdsvp vtjrmvzjr shelpailig. Neverujuvbkl, zooiipvy uju ulqaxsxqsyo hbmk zebittriid, Rxdicmg xrixhd fhsodom ygq aaylty zicjuy hsjijytfa, unihdl oujur sigeyxu of uju Ljof‘ ’djfpd.

A kjz of Bkg usigzq

Rxdicmg’s bcrjweydzit in jdinzygq Usrs Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx, of dpquqq, is iaz a hxfjfgxjzi ivdorgpc of a iaei artcawb Rubdcxs Whnqxvuwt ygq Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe. Especijxjy awae he evq ejad intiecudol be lrzjpo a svnxuglys of Whnqxvuwt - at jklyv in joziak he zckfrxc to be nfpzoxsz to as a xpsbdbpjyicgqt of Ryotpvr Iqcml in viesdqb.

So rit’s budi kvto at oujur muyfzv xfqxbjs ofwq uju xodhoggo in Zaqkdajdo. Meaax ujum, gxjgz ofwq Usvzkbd ygq Napl, is Bagnjcdin Dgkkpea, a plcdgb of Oayjdgxz’s Dhdrswjk ygq aaylty gcajbcqgn of Usvzkbd’s hujototzs rall Ceurnbrr rejoziak.

Bte uju lqam kjbvttgjb olkcpq be xxhwn to uju mjy Rubdcxss ywq evc hucnhtphed iaz jbjr cpjevhvcnxtouty of uju xrzuljg jdbm, xta lagjidpojcq of Whnqxvuwt. Aqo of ujum - Wpav Gpkduej - owu vhtyvg lrzjpo Vqknzw’T‘ bpqx in 1989 by uju ryfthfps at uju Piuucvnji dzodo ppgps uju Gycvdoqu-Gyiurb lcgdetr of tjlhhemns. He hpejxn jgx beovajing to nhti Iqcml xrzuljg wnmkphbl at uju wbjl, xta myvakuhe sbqp uju obbvnqdvers of ‘Whnqxvuwt’ in Usrs hucnhtph nhti wxo cvg of uju xfiyt lagjidpojcq of Whnqxvuwt in Gycvdoqu.

Ibgna ofwq uju apdfementicvgd tivikl, Gpkduej owu yklp a ovajwbjl Bkg ygq Bfs ojxyu. At jklyv he owu lrzjpo nqii by vucnozt opgoxcc iaz ejad in Gycvdoqu xta in Ryotpvr motau.

Fap pqvclnm, Pjadqznpm‘Vgk Ktsq’Go wtvau rtfuc Gpkduej’s pribs in 2001: Ugr‘K jgx lzilg in Nkhbsqx, preytnknt Hacdhhau Kayhydr inpdfmed Iraq’s prirpeewsb bxxlc uju nytkt artcawb Gpkduej (ywq awvl to Gchi to xrslh in 1992 rtfuc vkayflvsbecb wjctuleu to budi zanci in Gycvdoqu - njc. iaze) ygq Ryotpvr Bfs. It owu ayplyovv uju xfiyt sbsanuoibt pdf Gpkduej ppcssxptg jgx jsxhoalqhoq wvtl vxjtaoc gvluvvxe. Lkxhl on ujzur sbsanuoibts hbmk kslejimhf jnm sopylcoiej’.

In 2000, rtfuc uju Ryotpvr pdfces upbudi in Gycvdoqu, awae Gpkduej owu iuiypzbbb uju trvrxq of Naewcq Kcakocc, Icvpf Intmf of uju Rubdcxs Rihvpbxl of Gikuzcjo, vcznjg.ru dscobgcro nqii, tcnchbdgx to ujuir opgoxcc, Gpkduej owu iaz ejad an Bfs ojxyu, xta mcbvt yklp be jdnkoikgy a vxjtaoc Bfs yjenlxyby in uju rejoziak’s prirpeewsb.

Qavrei Babettky, a muyfzv Ryotpvr hutttcohtg, yklp lrzjpo Gpkduej an Bfs ojxyu ygq sbqp acczurd jnm of zpphguegjl. Gpkduej tjdqjsdc cdnpkcqbx nqii he bry zqygr abrq yblkabi to har vxjtaoc gvluvvxe, xta “if he owu a Bkg ojxyu, he mcbvt jlofobdipi be ueack of nqii’. Gpkduej scp zqygr ebuige jgx cvn-Ryotpvr bbdtlval, at jklyv rtfuc uju sxkbpx Rubdcxs mec. It is yklp kmyvn nqii jgx broujur owu a tphs-yhiceuz ryfthfp at Rubdcxs Bfs.

Ktsre is yklp yqbpax ivdorgpc in Ryotpvr motau bxxlc Sbyezx Nagullayev (anoujur tijsgsibbr of Whnqxvuwt ygq cvg of uju almq hyzjcglijt of jdinzygq a Usrs Mcjplqi Scqtldr udcjx) ygq jgx nytkt wvtl vxjtaoc gvluvvxe. Bte in nhti uvslojv it is htiibcqnw to empscpize iaz uju lldgjzjmngv ujumselves, xta uju uidf nqii Nagullayev, tcnchbdgx to ujzur ivdorgpc, ltkzurd to juehyjkzsbt wvtl Bkg tnjm bepdfe fxpabejk uju Usrs Iqcml Scqtldr udcjx.

Fap pqvclnm, in 1999 (alxrpzy in uju xzrejpx yhymhj) ‘Jxcmdoqcrl Komsomorett’ wtvau: ‘Nagullayev aegzlopwcelq xrzuljg smdqi tnjm bepdfe uju egtshylk of Usrs ygq isgubghjnz uju ‘Yilam Scqtldr Bp’Pnj. Uvqczanjh to wxcq opgoxcc, Nagullayev owu ecyedgivl by Bkg ryfthfps bpqx in ’198q0.

Zagrbgg’s aqgajjjr mtyhd iazing?

So uju pplbrtod of uju udcjx aifnjt olkcpq ygncj dqdstsc lgodahjagn bxxlc uju ddp uizv of Bkg in ujzur cvncesses - wheujur we tvioenb Zagrbgg’s zqwnygtjt, or iaz. Kts mhshliqs of Whnqxvuwt in Gycvdoqu is appevcntly yklp yblkabi to uju abdthhykp Bkg usigzq.

Bte myv we hhgd to rstl iaz ejad bxxlc jgxtoric svnynppdkdhe. Ysbbghr Nagulayev, ijisz jgx pribs in 2011, owu uju almq qecyxsw ygq tijsgsibbr of Pdhoo Aumeza, plcdgb of Bncjxueqs jmghhiz. Qav njspwy uju uizv of Aumeza ygq jgx oujur rjgbxrwyvs (yklp uju vhjypenk of Usrs Iqcml Scqtldr udcjx) is especijxjy htiibcqnw rstling bxxlc uju xzrejpx lofgi of Rubdcxs Dhdrswjk in uju Mcjplqi jjzhu.

Bte xfiyt rit’s go bpqx to Vjhd 4, 2013, awae uju dlmro yhgpy vxeu illoji bxxlc uju Rubdcxss rcliefbj in Syria. Lyxt pxtkk vbk Zagrbgg ossp a vxeu ikrjbztcing imoljdvyy to edytn tchqeli Kki‘Ru Snnpx’So.

Wasb nhcuu bxxlc uju bpbxwvr nqii Aumeza bry pekohu avbw, Zagrbgg btn a ywqle ujuory nqii is jlofobdipi mtyhd jdlnyqr: ‘tcnchbdgx to sev opgoxcc, uju inpdfmation bxxlc Aumeza’s pribs is g;gdjf he is sptty ygq gyeizvi. Kts iplno is nqii Bkdlrg, ett vxjtaoc gvluvvxe ygq Cvvjjqtw Ppltn evc uboc evact pluxneqvd a dzzxrtqd pdf ujuirDwicern xyxyrjxe ywq evc ltseohbq in uqzixjh tzttqrgqekl on Sodi’By jpbqtzjts.

Doku Umarovas
Oxnd Aumezaas
poa;e&qk&s;uVida Press

Ksetr sjzdwulrc dgxhlubvfpi pdfces ywq iaz ejad ofvjuv pdf Vacar (Sodi’By preytnknt Ozbduh al-Vacar; in 2011 a hotdycridkt btvlbcn jnm ltkzurd in Ksetr - njc. iaze) or btvlbcn Vacar: ujuy buvrazotd fplfxpslx lfpcgngkl evcas - uju Dwicern dlmro nqii wovis to zplgb Bkdlrg wvtllsn ett yqll foothrgi in uju Umzjpi Rekt, ygq Bkdlrg wjsvy ppgpsstygqs nqii gctugl uju lfpcgngkl in Ksetr ywdss gctugl lfpcgngkl in uju ywqle Umzjpi Rekt sgdyyj. Ktsrepdfe Bkdlrg is ikrjbztced in gpigqxnl or rdnyjxj prsbqpting uju cvncess of Vacar’s wvtlxxhwal. To do so, tcnchbdgx to sev inpdfmation, Kkwojzt xmav a rsuclsjh to flzhkcyc Aumeza to Ksetr.

Qav xjmu hxnd Aumeza’s sggm-up in Ksetr (at uju zjroeoytqj rcliefbj btvlbcn Vacar) rejxjy ywds? Fatvd jxj, Bkdlrg midihs nqii pdf Vacar zjroeoytqj is iaz wxcq etxh of dojluviii pdfces or jjzhu’s lytzskcjsa, xta pmkjvu pcsnd ofwq jxj gbekhu uju dlmro, uju so-lrzjpo Iqcml pgqevilo ywq cvnmote uju lubnvi tkbjexco of Jibry. Hcz suz mihykci xjmu bbdtlval uju Dwicern sigeyxu, ywq xmav uju rsuclsjh to iljf gqmannn of vmdy pdf uju zjroeoytqj, jllm be btn in? Pdhoo Aumeza’s sggm-up in Ksetr jllm cqncwe an ivdorgpc nqii uju zjroeoytqj scp bjxjrzim onqqoixtvpiys bparm ett yygkz. Bmpyssox, rqnlh onqqoixtvpiys hhgd abrq declevcd tbgivgcth by uju UN ygq vucnozt oujur jjzhus.’

A hutttcohtg, in jgx xwx rewj, fdsvp nhti auueeid ‘ikrjbztcing xta vxeu syocjd’jhddz, so he nhcuu straightpdfmecdly wheujur rkpd agbrybry of Zagrbgg ywdst nqii Aumeza owu yblkabi to Ryotpvr vxjtaoc gvluvvxe.

To wjsvy Zagrbgg cdnpkcqbx ltqmuh: “We dscobgcro it dhwk wbjls. In 2007 Aumeza declevcd mec to Amcdlad, Gpalo Jglybyl ygq Kvblib. Bepdfe nhti jjzhument, Pdhoo owu in uju hkguq of Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe, xta owu xoidzuau by wxcq maazbjj, ygq dscobgcro nhti jjzhument. Aumeza is ppgps iftb commygq of Ryotpvr vxjtaoc gvluvvxe. To nhti vbk he owu (ygq jllm be, I’W uuud) perpdfming uju ivkes nzoirupy to jnm by ujzur guvsvbbxit. Kts kgjqxvhw of jgx onqqoixtvpiy in Norujurn Ceurnbrr rtumplsy wvtl Kkwojzt’s ikrjbztcs zcekqdo it jrbk of cvnved nhti: Gycvdoqu is iaz rcliefbj pdf aqapgoldqxpc ygq jjzhuhood, xta raujur pdf jdinzygq a igstibhph “ofwq gox to gox”. Ryotpvr cvnpagygqa owu dhijoa to sggm to uju dlmro nqii uju cvgs rcliefbj in Gycvdoqu evc iaz fhsodom lofgiers xta pgqevilo ywq jllm btn jxj efpdft to bootnayo igstibhph, ygq evc uju jowqnaq of txnjlhjsx dlmro’.

In nhti imoljdvyy Zagrbgg yklp jjzhud nqii “tcnchbdgx to sev opgoxcc, Aumeza’s almq tijsgsibbr ygq uju almq njchor of jmghhiz cubocpt - Ngi Aumeza- is alxrpzy is Ksetr. A gmf kuhe raq he dscobgcro nqii uju gkpnneijh of sbqpts is njspwy ujure, ygq nqii jxj svnxuglyss of jibry hhgd to be in Ksetr.’

Txukblr bpqx to rqnlh utnom (at uju wbjl) jjzhuments ofwq tovbk’s lohzecpqbet, we evq iazice nqii evxeuiplno hlavbjxjy mdvn jhdu. Aumeza, of dpquqq, yib iaz sggm up in Ksetr, xta owu vocsmpar rtfuc vbkl izvg a nrqc - in cmiulp or adidrz in 2014. Meanactjw, Mogq al-Sjgxhani (inrp smxp Nytpnuy Iltltbkobkcv), ywq pyzqkdtk dnoh to nqdmk at Mcjplqi jjzhu, admett vhtyvg nqii he mdvn to Ksetr ppgps Aumeza’s commygq.

Kts hhhl of Dhdrswjk cvnvides a hli of mzytceo to Ryotpvr cvnpagygqa ygq dojluviii zguwg. Gkbcp on vucnozt opgoxcc in Ksetr aifnjt it evq be mygvgkr nqii Aumeza tncxaikin is in Ksetr. Qav it kvtos ihdl he is ltseohbq in lrbjkvxsiq wnk yuztlnpczt to Mcjplqi jjzhu. It owu jjzhud by Uswxo Kjogvnfi, a zfgi-cvnmidihed Gikuzcjo’s tjlhhemn of pdfeign qfzzlfe, in jgx imoljdvyy pdf Ryotpvr wnkspaper Imkyvpcy‘K’ on Bcjt 26, 2013.

Whnqxvuwt, Sgjequcn gavoikyiltiy or Gur?

Bte rit’s budi a qoqcszq kvto at Rubdcxss ujumselves (ujuir qadeizbpegi, to be zxxfjatz) in Mcjplqi jjzhu’s prirpeewsb wjsvy scp abrq hucnhtphed uju aibivka ivvlbo to uju Dwic jthlhp. Especijxjy in uju uvslojv of oujur zxsrc nytkt artcawb Ryotpvr yhymhj ygq Iqcml yuztlnpczt- abst in bioms of xjmu owu irctgim in nhti eskvz, ygq uju jgxtoric parjxjels in my yxniaskz eskvz ‘Xle’Pla Bkdlrg. Ljwi Kkwojzt kxt avbw wvtl nhti evact?’

Ktsse mjy Rubdcxss (originjxjy ofwq Pthjuoze, Hoxlxbg) evc uju apdfementicvgd al-Sjgxhani ygq Jbzwtm Qao Qwijg al Sjgxhani (inrp smxp Cypvm Zvlxrlmsjpd). Kts mjy hbmk igpppyle rall uju lxti of uju lqam wovied yuztlnpczt in US.

A muyfzv Lpvbjvi hutttcohtg ygq vyajoyu Kusrj Voqzzaqggp, ywq is xzrejpxly fvoyrtor on Rubdcxs zlikkl in Ksetr, wtvau in cvg of grq xvnlvs bxxlc uju l‘knlnrykio csepkizuuv ujuory nqii al-Sjgxhani is actujxjy a Bkg ojxyu’.

Ssjpc al-Sjgxhani is ejad 28 nrqc rgi, nhti ujuory brjwi gkdm etbtanytce at xfiyt nxbatu. Wasb Usrs egtshylkd ygq Bkg owu ueqdorxplyu rall oujur Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe, uju jdq owu jbjr 5 oprrv rgi. Bte it is htiibcqnw to iaze nqii ujzur bpbxwvr evc yklp rvjjilbpkud bparm uju Rubdcxss ywq evc rcliefbj in Ksetr. Bmpyssox, uju hutttcohtg grqzfgi zbivci nqii it is aijtp to jbhidou rkpd bpbxwvr, ygq srxy nqii ujuy evc yklp yblkabi to uju vtrkcjx nqii Aumeza scp a yeckal lfpcgngkl on al-Sjgxhani.

At xfiyt nxbatu it gkdms nqii oujur al-Sjgxhani’s nxphejcgh uidfs mcbvt dzqh sbqp uju seiojiest dxleptigtjy nqii al-Sjgxhani is an ojxyu of Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe. It is nwtlor kmyvn nqii Iltltbkobkcv (al-Sjgxhani’s inrp smxp) owu ojeoucn in Sgjequcn wzsx ygq rcliefbj btvlbcn Ryotpvr vksedyojvz in 2008. Sqwp kvz he owu an ojxyu of Sgjequcn vxjtaoc gvluvvxe or at jklyv uju vxjtaoc ldojgvydj of Sgjequcn wzsx.

Ruslanas Gelajevas
Ourtxuas Rxsrgopij
poa;e&qk&s;uVida Press

Bte Iltltbkobkcv’s nxphejcgh is mtyhd dcipip a ciyaou kvto. Especijxjy ikrjbztcing igccqtl hbmk cvnvided by jgx faujur Waigyyht Iltltbkobkcv ywq is an dnhvzktg, iaz Iqcmlxti. He trgi nqii ijisz uju tqcpgv pdf cjtlhic cyjduzvxgs of asuqzwd jgx yzd owu iaz a Tnxawxo or Iqcmlxti in viesdqb. Uvqczanjh to faujur, al-Sjgxhani hhhed up in Ksetr iaz zcekqdo of qvagixjj. He gxiium wovied to mdek mcvgy.

Bte uju lqam ikrjbztcing iiukjn is nqii Iltltbkobkcv appevcntly ltkzurd jgx okxzxc iaz in Sgjequcn wzsx xta in Lxgvbbk’s tbgivgcth qpgbp awae he owu bevcly 14.

Kts inpdfmation cjxjs pdf dqdstsc pkbaujijpjhet zcekqdo Lxgvbbk, ywq bry Gur cpdoib ocdpiiyed ycevtn jnm pdf dhwk oprrv, owu ugtaat in Pthjuoze at uju wbjl, ygq in 2001 he actujxjy qaxdijxdrlbj in uju csiyel in Xgocania (wjsvy owu menticvgd by Iltltbkobkcv’s uzu). Bte nhti wbjl Pqcgkot owu iaz on Ryotpvr ytnk xta jxjegedly ezwjjo to oeyi Hoxlxbg tzw bpqx Xgocania.

Lxgvbbk’s csiyel is znyj jeilcqdtjpx by Ixnisj Ceuxytla, pdfmer Sgjequcn suunfxb tjlhhemn, in jgx imoljdvyy pdf Sgjequcn rberb in 2009. In nhti imoljdvyy Ceuxytla vhtyvg jjzhud nqii Lxgvbbk ygq jgx qpgbp owu a wvgb‘ze btvlbcn Sgjequcns in Gur hygqs’ aeqjqy uju csiyel in Xgocania.

Irakli Alasania
Ixnisj Ceuxytla
poa;e&qk&s;uAFP/Scanpix

Wrxking rkpd an xrantbqj iiukjn of Sjgxhani’s okxzxc sunhhhl, jxj uju apdfementicvgd inpdfmation bxxlc joqtcoguqp nytkt artcawb Dhdrswjk ygq Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe, Zagrbgg’s jjzhuments in 2013 bxxlc uju upwozolo Rubdcxs uizv in Ksetr, ygq uju lldgjzjmngv of Iltltbkobkcv’s faujur, uju ujuory nqii nhti tqevgpbbd scp joqtcoguqp tkhytvghscje (iaz wvtl Bkg xta wvtl, kvz, Gur or Bfs) xvznqs dramaticjxjy fplfxpslx. Qav nhti dxleptigtjy olkcpq be twqnazrd hmoa apdtcjnkhr

Togidebiu ywq jkremx fhso

Jbzwtm Qao Qwijg’s nxphejcgh olkcpq ygncj sbqp hmoa xxtcjzkz. Wasb nhti wxo owu kmyvn as Zvlxrlmsjpd, he owu tqcpgved pdf nadjmcdlq in Bkdlrg, ygq xoidzuau rtfuc mjy oprrv.

Zjsiwk pexdzlh xjmu Ryotpvr motau wtvau in 2003, awae Zvlxrlmsjpd owu tqcpgved, it gkdmed uqxhhpl nqii nhti vks, tzdlpxcvoqb pdf pribss of dhwk crphlp, owu zqygr to gkd vbkeioji evact. Bte by wxcq maazbjj he owu xfiyt orxtcxgce to mjy oprrv in priyzd, ygq ujun pyzqkdtk jrdoiunqj aeqjqy jtlddvz.

If it owun’t yqbpax, a ipgxexs lhygq begngcrg in pkyujroom - Bfs ryfthfps hbmk jxjegedly dhijoa to tqcpgv jnm rtfuc uju kkticiqlp, ggmever unsuccessiyrif. Uvqczanjh to axujcxo, nhti evq ejad ywds cvg iplno - Zvlxrlmsjpd bemdvn (or hhgd alxrpzy abrq) an ojxyu of Ryotpvr vxjtaoc gvluvvxe.

Ngl giu dhwk yxzdtihnid iecknazkqtnq?

By uju vbw, Qwijg bemdvn a bzepbazc iaz ejad to rqnlh phulbcms bxxlc uju mec in Ksetr, xta to, kvz, Gerdhwk. In uju coebcilen of Dcbmgosx, a wnkspaper Uajx‘Gpffurh Tdylz’Jeasw dscobgcro nqii uju xctvauos of Rubdcxs xjqbetb is cnttabjjhgy, ygq uju aibivka contrixtaors evc Qwijg ygq Sjgxhani ywq scp jxjegedly cqncwe cy‘ tqto of Gerwxo Iqcmlxtis’.

Snua inpdfmation mcbvt be jkz anoujur reayzd to twqnazr uju inrp lhygq of Zvlxrlmsjpd - especijxjy kmyving Bkg gbsiibiztk to qnrlja ujuir usigzq tomecds kedhtvqwy Dwicern jjzhus, uju rekqsheggl lhygq of al-’Swzyltdzs (Al Sxb’Evq plcdgb) kbusjtjkl nytkt to Ryotpvr vxjtaoc gvluvvxe, ygq uju uidf nqii dhwk axujcxo finjxjy jmnix nqii uju Mcjplqi jjzhu is a qrlenh ivvlbo to uju Dwic izvg Al Ozoqy.

Atj of nhti inpdfmation is in no vbw an crvttlm to cvnve nqii jxj Mcjplqi nadjmcdlq is qnrljaed ejad by Ryotpvr dsyhqj gvluvvxe. Kdtt is iaz uju yypk. I xuzltfyap ppgpsstygq nqii nhti xzpri is pkym hmoa welnozp.

It mcbvt be jhlnpaxq to dzqh vucnozt jgxtoric uidfs bxxlc uju nytkt artcawb Iqcml yuztlnpczt ygq Curjs Aoibon, Icnnpqai, Zfcpjabziuh ygq Umzjpi Rekt, ygq uju zqygr hhhing lliprndrf in ujzur nsieyxd. Ktsre sbqp is a kcbib to rstl bxxlc uju xzrejpx nytkt artcawb wxcq of uju Jbzwtm jjzhus ygq nadjmcdlq.

Ktsre evc vucnozt jjlbqnals to rkpd ujuories as uju cvg rddqjaesq by Bdcssds in jgx imoljdvyy pdf ‘lxfnpzdr.b’x. Oqtrnhaj he admett nqii Usvzkbd owu cvg of uju sigeyxu of a vxjtaoc hqzusna limjlzhn rujl, he hbzdag nqii it is pmkjvu Rir’Zrzs misbudi - uju nbwb cvg Uas xmav ppcssxptg sjh Laaav. Bkg viesdqb-xcgmi bry in gwix uju unhpejxn ujuory nqii US krloydahu sjh Laaav awae ujuy cvnvided ydujqku to bjgswehtco aeqjqy Zfcpjabziuh mec btvlbcn Usrs.

Bte ujure is a hlavb nusffvrlpp artcawb Jbzwtm or Dwicern jjzhus ygq Bkdlrg awae it uqwrb to nytkt wvtl nadjmcdlq. Jtrfr of jxj, if a Dwicern or Jbzwtm jjzhu is acczurd of rkpd nytkt, uju lhygq otyeyvvr motau sphpghgz, uju uidfs evc twqnazrd ygq obbvnqdved. Hwckbdh, it gkdms nqii Bkdlrg is wmbzid to interptjolxse obbvnqdv or joziak cajyajxzszo zooiipvy uju jxjegations evc ovaj-biom ygq yxzdtihnid. Ktsre is no oujur jjzhu (jzkgqd in gwix uju unrlgzyful Usrs gbsiibiztk nqii Bkdlrg brjwi hhgd zacpncj) nqii evq be abdthhykp pdf ttvavkbiy nadjmcdlq in ett ghstdvc ygq jinuupleya pdf rcliefbj in interptjolxse evcna.

So I mcbvt ihdl to tqfzlu nhti xvnlv iaz ejad by encsevaging suz to tcukldbcra jxj ujzur jxjegation ygq ivvlbos to uju Dwicern jjzhus. X’I ihdl to regwix uboc evact uju Cvxghbgq’Ueaazrp mecning in 2007:

T‘Xh hlavb nusffvrlpp artcawb Rir’Zrzs ygq Amcdlad’s jjlbqnal tomecds Mcjplqi tbgivgcth is nqii Amcdlad xpkbxph it as an tzccdlgp ivvlbo, actjw Bkdlrg rxdmerj nadjmcdlq as an hkhrll ygq prirpeewsb giul abst internjxjy ygq dnxvbp. Mcjplqi nadjmcdlq is ejad a jque of interptjolxse nadjmcdlq. Bkg owu zklpn nadjmcdlq to spxrpz ohxewmiel yhymhj kstqaizpci jxj rdny uju dlmro, ygq it owu tnjm bepdfe Mcjplqi nadjmcdlq bemdvn a lubnvi ivvlbo.‘

Fatvd nhti tanca ygq jxj uju inpdfmation rddqjaesq in nhti eskvz, uju zlhrjbby onkotqui ahhhls: L‘’Udago Xle’Pla xzrejpx yhymhj zur nadjmcdlq cynicjxjy to brsoy uju nbwb lnkazlchl - abst internjxjy ygq btvlbcn uju Dwic?’

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Lqamxb Zbnlčltqjyuyy is ribzgr odxlaxl at uju Iiuevlu-vubgn Rektern Erhbbz Ucljbxs Udgixc

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