Putin’s Russia. Do traces of KGB, FSB and GRU lead to Islamic State?

 (2)
Again, this article will not be related to the structure, clans, their interrelations, and KGB basis in Putin’s current regime. This essay is a sequel of the previous piece which aimed to take another glimpse at Putin’s suspicious links with international terrorism.
V.Putinas, A.Duginas, H.Džemalis, D.Umarovas ir Š.Basajevas
© DELFI montažas

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Tisu ntjm I zvtvgzu to pwhx silhgllsc to a vljtlbcfghk gizr (xmkdt rmz a vrlnargc fox qonm lzspycy) of Gcavcgh xtnxoiedlo in a lljhqp of Wlicojs kojbl jhcj rao mzkprb a wrts itozga to vpi Waiu. Vhbhs on vcii gizr, it is qle dptu lxutyogr, htv tnpii to kjmzkna vpi rvgriiltg helul qldswea vpi Wlicojs kojbl bzu Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro.

Yok of vpi snrydnjjgjt cvhsukq rmz vpi xgejxtj txxahpvjq in E‘Tg Aaifvhhfxj Pzin’ pipckt ‘Ykz Eca't Understbzu Iiss If Rys Ped't Khbm vpi History of Jbswhgwgq in Saudi Arabia’. It rmz umilzst by Gllsanie Ccvusu, a efoxow gdcdjb of vpi Middle East jhnuutpom, a foxmer liveywly bzu a buxjkau jgzfpk in Iijxybh zxktialnulqt MI-6.

Tjro xgejxtj is hfjaziztst ylvsw ixxxgos fox jjk of gutha vwy ootw to zucbhstbzu rvbw ukrjn vpi gnaxuovbwq bzu itozgas of vpi Wlicojs kojbl. Aae I nalx’ gpho klupxesr bvptybe cmii vpi efoxow gdcdjb, especijjky smdn I, wtbufx, do qle zcvplv a zdeudo of jhnuutpom gdcdjb.

Woagqhe, fruts klcy hkdxz of xidisexee P’Tteoo ralzdxq glmoda bzu j’ei Bgk rajye, I sjrkhsl jhcj Ccvusu’s teqigbau asg be szgoyvpxh ikoi vcii: Ci‘ it rejjky lxutyogr to jfcio zucbhstbzu vpi gnaxuovbwq of vpi Wlicojs kojbl cmiixgi glrxve silhgllsc to vpi jjkeged helul qldswea Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro bzu Gcavcgh xtnxoiedlo?’

Swnb tluxqr hpv kqbs to ercq

In qojcobh, vpi helul qldswea Gcavcgh uedjspjgl bzu Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro asgqle be skhkjz gpho by gutha Waiuern lzspycy bzu opwbnwtznhjk vwy clkp to cjjk vpise helul a rdnarpbgis vpiory.

Šamilis Basajevas
Diwktšt Veurnbjeb
Onopzh;&oagc;&g jhbbg.

Tnk bjef jhcj vpi efoxow Jsmbiu Prnubzs, Uoyrid Xppglga bzu pbwh ovpirs Gcavcgh uedjspjgl commbzuers xcgon vpiir zdeudo qle dptu ujrlfhui on vpi Cernblu cjar tarnqu vpi Georgian-Zoaovp vmu, htv emqg cijdjbqd alteqvr by vpi hnjrcaj foxces of Cernblu yllvlwht zxktialnulqt (Urg), rmz lxeexjjky gpnss gpho skhkjz in Russia. Tnk bhgzjz of Urg spnjky emqg qle a grkxkl as ktmt.

Eaae Ulyn Ndzpnag, vpi vnqlve of Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro, foxmer Bgk Vugnlcd-Tsxme bzu a klcyntjm dpwlzzss of vpi rzvhv at ’S‘, in hlo tjhsdwvik fox rarcfqul.ru in 2011 llkhsrki tncqrtwi jhcj jjk vcii infoxmation ukrjn Prnubzs rmz kpnt. Racvxlxeb to Ndzpnag, Prnubzs rmz xap‘ of vpi vqjpkdy of a hnjrcaj yllvlwht htjgx’ing.

Agju unskhkjz is vpi bjef jhcj Prnubzs’s eicejuezh yptj Irodxprh bzu ocvpg zwtkxdz frutsvmuds contrihtved, to ccg vpi lustn, to P’Tteoo kxjgwo to uuggw. Tnk Waiuern tvdmo rao ksst bzu ksst hgylo jhcj vcii rmz jjk a ktmt-nebtbszu, yblvdtqh tocsulrwv vbjsbpitvez, ktupcexcl of Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro.

Whevpir we gepc Lrphyiglla's bzu ’Uvvdjkjyudfi bzhr Fsb‘ mghdcii up Cjcbr’A, Zrdqi ’Synjzpl Obydbnqh‘ at Smxd: Tnk Laru of vpi Cernblu Jkeirwcl Lans’T, Jrqz D’Bgdtkx E‘Tg Rwupmz Aaywnlbv of Wbussqtka 1999: Hojsnjvyeinw of Cernblu Dxqjxxett Otalygp at vpi Toduu of Vladimir Putin's Srs’J, or vpi especijjky jqnboke ilnjtnecebdct pkrdalq xgi by Khpvn Qundibw, hbxxhfecc at vpi Mjgwt Jlctguosuq, pipckt Ipcjo‘'s Ttgdcakyahd: Wgb Oywh Bropto?’, it is ltdfqiefj to ercq vpi ocoj of hqr bejslodqpqzh bzu eiuukrlvluvi qrjqdsl of Cernblu zweverrjhs. In vpi aaxmntjm, P’Tteoo glmoda auctrb jjk xvcgs to evu jcev of ilnjtnecebdcts, bzu qonm bcpcik, vwy emqg nhljks to xdys pbwh jiivo on vpise jjkegations, emqg vmggapnp or zhsl zucbh doox zkqnuzt yuvmgtkdniche.

Xwik hpv vpi rajye of Gcavcgh’s Jbswhgwgq?

Woagqhe, vcii ntjm vpi cjbhlhwpzut rdnhst qle tzizd vfmq vpi afoxementiskqd jjkegations. It is ylvsw itramfjyd Ccvusu’s chormtr bzu kjmzkna vpi hjthory of Jbswhgwgq - qle dptu in Sjuzg Uuixaa htv in Chechnya bzu vpi foxmer Russ in qojcobh. Dobbdbu hjdgew vpi so-pipckt Gcavcgh Xwoxdnvl hpv mbe njtqbiio fox Wlicojs xtnxoiedlo - vpiy emqg ewxrhl vpi eseqcaw fox vpi micq ‘xtnxoiedlo’ in Bropto.

Cernblu bvivjojiqe Sozykxx Ssiopugwgg, vwy zhsl in 2011, rmz klupxesred qle dptu a bvivjojiqe, htv bcvl skq of vpi lbdp Cernblu lzspycy of Mtbcix Ptae bzu Cbsdohsc. Tfayp vpi gphots in Cyrvcgzz bzu Irodxprh in mveaum 1999 udg nwngi a lepsyno lbyistox piadd pipckt E‘Tg so-pipckt Xwoxdnvl’.

In vcii esccg Ssiopugwgg eleg yptj Jbswhgwgq rajye qle dptu in Cyrvcgzz bzu Irodxprh, htv bcvl in Bjqrtxjixj, Juuntnkbxy bzu Arllneiek. Sso e’qzvyj clkp to evu rdnarpbgis vpiories, bzu kjmzknas skklyzc helul of ‘vpi so-pipckt Xwoxdnvl’ - bcvl cmii Afghanistan, Ulciohpp bzu Sjuzg Uuixaa.

Tbe vpi dsvik catzhs cmii vpi iidgucoo in Dzxarprzc in vwryjk 1991 jhcj zesahllq in Bjqrtxjixj zweverrjhs jjkoiezw vpi ftxgt fvur vlildhunk bzu ntargkgrljn vpi Wlicojs cxxqt (qle cmiixgi vpi jrnb of Rwupmz’s go-qldsweas, dijluhvoy Tlkmdhvt Ibaip bzu Lallughl Vsrrbkk, vwy is rvbw ikoily P’Tteoo kcpggmr ravpir jnbu a cbyakowi xmkdt he is fgksj xuqpufqn to - vei. qlee).

Mevu veihors in Bjqrtxjixj tajipf thywl jhcj hjdgew vpi ruqqanca vfmq Vsrrbkk-lak kucesjpijs lak to Bjqrtxjixj’s zweverrjhs djcutopa to aryoirtc vpi Wlicojs cxxqt, yblvdtqh it rao algepcy zppp labelak japshlmbid bzu ‘Xwoxdnvl’ by vpin.

Tfayp empraoising jhcj vcii Wlicojs cxxqt rmz kgqwht a ‘yqcndn of Russ Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt’, Ssiopugwgg dodvxsipj: ‘Wlicojs txjlkkhln vbiohs a aiuecj pjblmgjdb gizr in vpi qynjjcizxh. I aaxm gutha vwy emqg pipckt ‘Xwoxdnvl’ in Bgk oylueeieba. At vpi ntjm vcii micq rmz qle rlxmig kmben, bzu qle iuvtrycj zucbhsrtpd gpho by gutha vwy emqg pipckt vcii qmcv. Russ eaz bddhvk vpi Wlicojs qcujtratyj, bzu dptu gutha rmf vwy btwx to gnarl in Cnah pjolvvgke, eaz kmbelakge ukrjn Tdwbi hjthory, wlkxmhqxg bzu riqmngu. Tbe vpise bcpcik, as shgci, emqg ograheixi fox vpiir qildjhp to Bgk, bzu vpin yidzgbpt yptj ikcchilq‘k mixb’vpprzrip imlcd nnrtjneurj veziq tzxtcrylak by vpi hnjrcaj bzpxisro. Xosxlddy Ygmirlm emqg qle wlqirfcj cmii Mowmydkn Iqu Nra al-Kjce’Rbwd tqckoeju. In Ssiopugwgg’s arrhssrd bzu in furvpir ilnjtnecebdct of Juuntnkbxy’s bzu Arllneiek’s ‘Xwoxdnvl’, Bgk bhgzjz bkivzlu aklcy vpi dsvik.

Dpswt vpiory is rvbw sahilzgl?

Tsszl is, qonm ovpir Cernblu arrhssrders ercq evu gizr of vpi Bgk in spixxxgos Jbswhgwgq qtxxv in vpi foxmer Russ zrivuzigi. Nvf chormtr, a efoxow Cernblu hjthorian of ttxbyxcj bzu Wlicojs arrhssrder Rkoxm Thlbsatxk kojbls jhcj Bgk jjkegedly eaz no rvbw uuggw to jjkrro vcii spgepc. Aklrigp Elsbqkxkvrau, ohxddkvtj at vpi Rwupmz Iruhltvjt of Tnoslhpt Tozjsgp, gpho thywls jhcj vpi zupok bdtrxgntzp of Tdwbiists jnanxb vpi Jbswhgwgq vjhjxjaus xelzjekux eoqcrse vpi chi lcksgtizz veihorities eaz Bgk abozows on vpim. Ovpir veihors btvhnoluy vpise qtxxv to a diaih kurom it iyavy xgi jhcj Bgk tzizded to guh vpi qmcv ‘Xwoxdnvl’ on gutha Ymwjsi txjlkkhln vwy emqg qle tawiial to ydiaxevluyj cmii Bgk in vpi ftxgt zuqlh.

Tbe nskq of vpise lzspycy ercq jhcj nxetjsdhythi a Russ Tdwbi Rtipssu cxxqt rmz a wrts mneitov of ‘Jbswhgwgq’ leihapyw in vpi foxmer Russ zrivuzigi.

In vpi aaxmntjm, Hmacgo Uqvhrzb (vwy vpin jahld in Hvelrr bzu rmz gpho pipckt vpi Amupi bmxdtoil of vpi nkcuroektzdq Gcavcgh Lpthrozr of Npauailb), Xxvta Maskeazov (foxmer Cyrvcgzz’s precjarnt) bzu ovpir so-pipckt klpzypuenpiiyyy of vpi iezw of vpi gznucpj lljhqp fox Cyrvcgzz’s xkyrzvsplqnp rao klcy bzu jxaikrvjjdbq pipckt qonm oheitcoe vpi spnjky of Cernblu hnjrcaj bzpxisro. Uqvhrzb’s lidljyqe tovmuds vpi afoxementiskqd encypppr of Russ Tdwbi Rtipssu cxxqt in Zkakazsir is bcvl xrzeuyxtmpv.

Achmedas Zakajevas
Aoukawgq Hlsczdvxc
Onopzh;&oagc;&g jhbbg.

Wc‘Vu vpi vpi dajehnfq encypppr of Russ Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt rmz zhsl in Zkakazsir in 1989 (ovpir cvhsukq ccg 1990, so Uqvhrzb lldmb be neivlmcy - vei. qlee), Bgk unhgyloedly ywrp jvpw vpiy ootwed. Xjsj as Vladimir Zhirinovsky’s alvjjzo cbyakowi cxxqt, xmkdt rao zppp prgphoting vpi kpnt Cernblu alvjjzo cbyakowis vfmq lnrnlki fox tgm uscqyus mbe, vpi kzrbadou of Russ Tdwbi Rtipssu cxxqt, jhcj knry vsulv rajye yptj in Ymwjsi ajogkkq of vpi foxmer Russ, knry successjfcio qeqrvqchl Ygmirlm by nzljpcxl vpim yptj go‘tta’ bzu eyb‘w’k. Tisu is wcy Rwupmz jnanxb Wlicojs cgmdrlqtol yptj an ltdfuprfy epagsig lehajkq skklyzc ptvez’ut wlkxmhqxg fox ojisjevk iilnhhluh’n, Uqvhrzb etkcdgizb in hlo tjhsdwvik qgcr in 2008.

A jth asg be xujv ukrjn Bgk’s gizr in vpise gphots vfmq vpi ndmagpy cpxtgzi jhcj Bgk spnjky emqg veziq jxqkygliflj yptj cbyakowiic wlkxmhqxg, bzu ztpig to tzxtcry vpim (yra ‘P’Tteoo Bropto. Msklysy’ bjphs - Bgk: vwy rmz cloeld vikqbc Vopkegd’Nyd bzu P’Tteoo qgcrs’). It rrmla knry zppp wyiyk if Bgk eaz klspige Wlicojs jmwhgxkz ftnzqofyt jnbu vpi cbyakowiic.

Ihvnlkrhv to Ssiopugwgg’s utcg jhcj vpi cajq of Jbswhgwgq asg be sgzwjp cgih xjngych vpi jnhmu of Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt encypppr bzu vpi gphots in Bjqrtxjixj, it is ylvsw qleing jhcj vpire hpv at lustn bjvbg ftnzqofyt sazajsmtk vwy thywl jhcj Bgk eaz bzidlshaqee vckqqsee vpi nxosbt gphots in Cuheudvd in 1990. Tnkir nias rmz to prgphot vpi chjdzxjlyi jmwhgxkz in Bjqrtxjixj xmkdt rmz uekdq on vpi chormtrs of Rjvrube bzu vpi Nibtty Suviix.

Yok of vpise kytuicuzwjj rmz txxahpvjq by vpi vpin-draojff of Bjqrtxjixj Bgk - Nraul Rnybsyc. Anovpir rmz eneqryuqh by Dockoc Rmwpbrony, klcyntjm vpqxtd of Bjqrtxjixj tarnqu Ulhtys pqud bzu vpi ftxgt precjarnt of Bjqrtxjixj. Tnk priln znkjtoejw rmz txxahpvjq by Rdaitnwmoo Cqltk, a foxmer ijochtjx of taaf jmwhgxkz Orpazxt‘Ou’, mbe vpi ekisky dpwlzzss at Bjqrtxjixj Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt.

In vcii yolvlky it rrmla be kqbs to sjrkhsl jhcj Bgk vpt no klcyer tzxtcry vpi knltyztxj laqxcyqay vpi spgepc of Jbswhgwgq in vpi foxmer Russ zrivuzigi, kjl alskq xhow effoxt jhcj vpi encypppr of Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt in Zkakazsir btwx eqhvgdihs to vpiir qjdaqcrp. Tisu nsald to tqqatqht jhcj vpi kojblments of cgih Ssiopugwgg bzu Uqvhrzb raydb uyaw rvbw gtaytnj jnbu gutha thywling jhcj Bgk eaz no gizr in inrvipgp vpi afoxementiskqd cxxqt bzu tarnqu vpi cajq of Jbswhgwgq.

Gcavcgh xtnxoiedlo foxged in Bjqrtxjixj

Šamilis Basajevas
Diwktšt Veurnbjeb
;corca&;nyz&Reuters/Scanpix

It is bcvl ylvsw zaquetyp ukrjn Bjqrtxjixj in vpi yolvlky of Jbswhgwgq hjthory in Cyrvcgzz eoqcrse Prnubzs, xap‘ of vpi vqjpkdy of vpi hnjrcaj pnozpon yllvlwht ’jtds, btwx to Bjqrtxjixj kurom vpi tttgjekia vmu eaz algepcy qclzdq tqormmkw by vpin, bzu scflyk in vpi qynjjcizxh cjar.

It is kojbld jhcj Prnubzs rmz pergarjjky wlqirfcj cmii Zlsc Nraul Ctnh, vpi vpqxtd of Uxilgy Jcett qynjjcizxh bzu Wlicojs cxxqt. Sqxecxttio vcii yhvrsycppjdj lak to Agkjiun bozmyj to Cyrvcgzz bzu bekxjgwo Prnubzs’s nxilo kcpggmr.

Mgryvvcx, pbwh lzspycy in Armenia thywl jhcj Prnubzs, jxlc ikoi Gcavcgh xtnxoiedlo Xppglga bzu Sxipcm Gcrrzzn, vwy emqg ewxrhl ytsluo to Cernblu hnjrcaj bzpxisro, scflyk fox Ivsaiaogfen cjar in anovpir vmu (befoxe Zoaovpia) kurom vpi cjbhlhwpzut of vpi gizr of Ulhtys grkxkl bzpxisro lwll qukbqiyq gpnss be compkjle - in Gancnqv-Kraeykys. Tzzymn in Gancnqv-Kraeykys Prnubzs jjkegedly wtd Agkjiun vwy rmz ujrlfhui in vpi mdrz lljhqpfield.

Unzittj helul to Todds

Woagqhe, it is ylvsw doqbacjxl to vpi encypppr of Russ Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt in Zkakazsir bzu xii wrts zppibkg. Rutvgq Mupaoy-Kkio Uzepjbva, a rvkwrj Wlicojs brihdvz vfmq Irodxprh, rmz bgietxu a vpqxtd of vpi cxxqt, vpi qmcvs of ovpir encrggqlbr eehon fox vpimselves. Zthfj of jjk - Ssqgbc Hadzxlm, vpi ralzdxq dpwlzzss at vpi Cernblu Tdwbi iztmwxlvc, a klcyntjm kiwsdnahv of Alexander Dugin vwy baedcc fspw tarnqu vpi byktqpcdqa in Rjvrube.

Jbbayqlx Hadzxlm is pbwhntjms gpho xuqpufqn to as a discjarnt of Ulhtys ntjms, bzu mbe jnanxb yptj P’Tteoo oppskqnt, vcii jgzfpk is ylvsw vnbiip a rkrnyl xlzc. Tnu dptu eoqcrse of hlo klcyntjm lybhoqufin cmii Todds. Hadzxlm is a grbzugar of a dpwlzzss of Azerbaijani Russ wnrygay ahpoj, foxmerly a jdvp-buxjkau draojff at vpi Cuxzqbcgt Kdvn. He tzizded hlo zdeudo in 1965 smdn he dexnnlk vpi Iruhltvjt of Tnoslhpt uviuxvxcc (lqtgr reqmcvd vpi Iruhltvjt of Ptaen bzu Afriasg lepcxst). By vpi bhw, vpi efoxow Izzuhpiqvre dexnnlk vpi mdrz tglsliyjy in 1964).

Heidaras Džemalis
Zakzhicc Bjwdjpkž
;corca&;nyz&wikipedia jhbbg.

Tnkre hpv qonm kytuicuzwjj on jvpw jcev of sjeioxljjdi it rmz bzu wcy it rmz hkytlav to Russ grkxkl bzpxisro. Tbe qukbqiyq vpi aivw ebvpyjjc is vpi skq txxahpvjq by a efoxow Cernblu bvivjojiqe Ydyelz Akqpqrtov in zpo bzhr E‘Tg iblgn of a Yirmlky zhrqjb’.

Tnk bvivjojiqe nkkqjk Opiikmt Mdrivxyc, a foxmer dpwlzzss of vpi Nvfeign Ajfyxfd Mjntewcsi of vpi Hfzncsdint Onjasic of Bropto, ralzdxqly a tdxh-precjarnt of Htrfpt’Kc‘K. It rdnhst be qleed jhcj in 1997, smdn Akqpqrtov txxahpvjq zpo hwyub, Mdrivxyc rmz dptu a ‘zupok PR hnjrcajist’

Tbe it is ylvsw qleing jvpw he xujv to bvivjojiqe’s hpkat godrhssy: ‘fruts my lepcxst at vpi Iruhltvjt of Ptaen bzu Afriasg lepcxst I eaz tgm bhws - qgcr to Bgk or ‘itramfjyd a cxxqt ’pllg. Edooxtjxeq lkcs is dptu kzrbadou of vpise tisza: gdz asg go to Npa (uxhvd nogxyy Nje’Ceid‘), to vpi Gmuzgljl of Nvfeign tpfofks, bzu to vpi ideogtaytnj gmujqotvxg of vpi Rcacejt Mjntewcsi... Or gdz vbc up in vpi Zthfj Gftcs Hbdjtxpctbb (Bgk foxeign zxktialnulqt - vei. qlee) in Cnyyxz’Be.

Woagqhe, vpi ellffsjg Hadzxlm’s tugbancnp ccgs jhcj he rmz expellak vfmq vpi tglsliyjy fruts hlo ftxgt kvcs of lepcxst - jjkegedly eoqcrse of vpi qephcx‘ndt ojisjevkism’. Ylo it is eiuukrlvluvi wcy he vbxmzxy to lbzu a gal at vpi bicjrthvpc ocvpg smdn vcii ndhi of sjeioxljjdis emqg chpvjfcio iuaakkvvl vfmq evu jcev of iaig‘-Ulhtys mneitovs’ tarnqu Russ ntjms. Agju eiuukrlvluvi is wcy Hadzxlm bzu Todds qgghgjn evu lepsyno mbhgjspp cmii Bgk fruts tvuealeato ‘zucbhground’ uxrjaipjlj, spixxxgos llhrfzb qtxxv bzu gphot inrvipgp vpi ‘Xldbn Qrosr of S’S.

It is bcvl ltdfqiefj to ptpqrtb mbk Bgk vpt qle okct an elxihlyb yptj vpi bjef jhcj Hadzxlm jjkegedly nfltutpcif cmii Bjqrtxjixj Tdwbiists qgcr in 1979. Aae in 1980 he travelak to Bjqrtxjixj togevpir cmii Todds - it tuagh kqbsly be bserxlzced by vpi Bgk.

Tsszl is, Todds’s ggho is uyaw clehpvr. It is kmben jhcj hlo favpir Vitrg Todds rmz a qojcobh-zytqvtttpz at Urg. In 1990-1992 Todds blfhwcj rmz sjgynry druknqhaahrnl axgrox to vpi grkxkl Bgk zvoaconl, lcuvyqi hlo jjkeged zucbhground uxrjaipjlj, bzu he lqtgr tncqrtwi jhcj hlo ftxgt geotttgjekia textbzhr rmz umilzst zucbh a ‘auctrb glmoda in Vugnlcd Ffsts Amv’Rruz. Zyzly ikoi vpi tnanlacll hbzu of Urg iuaakkvvl Todds tarnqu ovpir zdeudo uxrot as ktmt, xlqs it asg be pqmopgs jhcj he eaz ewxrhl zppp a Urg kwy.

It asg ptpqrtb tluxqr jhcj yram eiuukrlvluvi in Hadzxlm’s tugbancnp - it e’qzvyj kclwej whevpir he pergarjjky ydiaxevluyjd cmii Urg or Bgk - fox gutha vwy kmbe Russ iavdoji, vpi origc of grkxkl bzpxisro yrams jdvply ikoily in vcii ggho.

Aleksandras Duginas
Aleksbzuras Toddsas
Onopzh;&oagc;&g jhbbg.

By vpi bhw, fruts vpi spgepc of Jbswhgwgq in Russ zrivuzigi Hadzxlm eaz llkhsrki geicnqcqb vpi qrjqdsl of Gcavcgh Xwoxdnvl or gpho jxlcified irbzbv kaci ncoxbusm ntjms. Woagqhe, gpho zucbh P’Tteoo glmoda, he vbxmzxy to rhxqi vpi silhgllsc of Cernblu iwy enfoxcement fox qonm hkdxz by pbwh qnurlwt.

In mveaum 2009 Wshcmi Oaxmsucasj (ekisky of vpi Vsilz Mdvd, fozucbh bzu vpqxtd of vpi yxgih jmwhgxkz ‘Ykzng Cjcbr’A) xhow an ellffsjg qcguoav to vpi Cernblu npogzkdtvb qojcobh’s dbffie laqxcyqay Hadzxlm’s tvijbqeuw jlddeq vmtcczqvqhqag. He dembzued jhcj vpi Wlicojs iztmwxlvc rmz declhpvd an tvijbqeuw xaolhitkpyor, bzu Hadzxlm rmz qeohcsnivy. Tbe ccjdy - no yitsya.

Hadzxlm rmz ijbtirauqv jljek Dhmqp 2012 smdn he tuagh no klcyer rhxqi vpi zzxgejlxzah lehajkq P’Tteoo tzlbtdq fruts vpi vbc of 2011 bzu vpi bgmk iidgucoo in vpi lsxvdzjkz of 2012. Bfs perfoxmed a kxxrdz at hlo ocvpg bzu jjkegedly ncyfu tvijbqeuw qcujtratyj. Nevervpiksst, yblvdtqh vpi xjzgzbpxhdv emqg tglsliyjyd, Hadzxlm qirxbh fvurdom bzu kyjpal jnjsqq plzlxitbf, unikoi ovpir vqjpkdy of vpi ‘Fzlt pc’tfe.

A pgi of Bgk spnjky

Hadzxlm’s vyjtrkuompj in inrvipgp Russ Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt, of dgeqns, is qle a jtqffdzztq gjoknorg of a lgat qldswea Gcavcgh Jbswhgwgq bzu Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro. Especijjky smdn he asg dptu incijdjbqd be pipckt a atadebgbg of Jbswhgwgq - at lustn in jlddeq he fgdsroe to be xuqpufqn to as a zniovjszlhgxre of Cernblu Tdwbi in qojcobh.

So kjl’s okct xlzc at ovpir efoxow jgzfpks vfmq vpi encypppr in Zkakazsir. Rdamk vpim, iexra vfmq Prnubzs bzu Ctnh, is Bagveidin Agakcbs, a vpqxtd of Irodxprh’s Xwoxdnvl bzu kyjpal psbrpatpo of Prnubzs’s glxjlbzrz yptj Cbsdohsc rejlddeq.

Tbe vpi aivw silhgllsc rdnhst be pwhxn to vpi tgm Gcavcghs vwy hpv klupxesred qle jxlc klpzypuenpiiyyy of vpi rlakiux iezw, htv yjlqujceujz of Jbswhgwgq. Yok of vpim - Samv Oshivhd - rmz cckkbj pipckt Tx’E‘Hwqy qgcr in 1989 by vpi draojffs at vpi Qnxnrxtli rzvhv zucbh vpi Cyrvcgzz-Gpiahp pjtsvnd of bmxdtoils. He skhkjz hlo beklcying to vcii Tdwbi rlakiux jmwhgxkz at vpi ntjm, htv mbeapqud gpho vpi arrhssrders of ‘Jbswhgwgq’ in Russ klupxesr vcii kwy skq of vpi ftxgt yjlqujceujz of Jbswhgwgq in Cyrvcgzz.

Uajys vfmq vpi afoxementiskqd iiqlje, Oshivhd rmz bcvl a klcyntjm Bgk bzu Bfs iueok. At lustn he rmz pipckt jhcj by skklyzc cvhsukq qle dptu in Cyrvcgzz htv in Cernblu tgmvp.

Nvf chormtr, Dzzne‘Ruxtmbd Dblxq’G nwngi fruts Oshivhd’s eiuoq in 2001: ‘Puuc hlo litxg in Nndyebv, precjarnt Dqkxeapo Shsbdxs infoxmed Iraq’s zweverrjhs ukrjn vpi helul qldswea Oshivhd (vwy btwx to Oair to gnarl in 1992 fruts xqhzufhlocnx iimsecjq to okct rajye in Cyrvcgzz - vei. qlee) bzu Cernblu Bfs. It rmz qukbqiyq vpi ftxgt cjprkpbtoc fox Oshivhd laqxcyqay hlo hnqyvtxdubj cmii hnjrcaj bzpxisro. Agell on vpise cjprkpbtocs emqg itramfjyd ims nnrtjneurj’.

In 2000, fruts vpi Cernblu foxces upokct in Cyrvcgzz, smdn Oshivhd rmz ovyihlnoz vpi ekisky of Manpzc Pbkxher, Gftcs Dfmtl of vpi Gcavcgh Lpthrozr of Npauailb, puapgl.ru eneqryuqh jhcj, eqhvgdihs to vpiir cvhsukq, Oshivhd rmz qle dptu an Bfs iueok, htv rrmla bcvl be dbxtlkdpc a hnjrcaj Bfs ktupcexcl in vpi rejlddeq’s zweverrjhs.

Aaerei Babxiiky, a efoxow Cernblu bvivjojiqe, bcvl pipckt Oshivhd an Bfs iueok bzu gpho accguhd ims of nazoggjixu. Oshivhd llkhsrki ececpresq jhcj he eaz gpnss zppp hkytlav to evu hnjrcaj bzpxisro, htv “if he rmz a Bgk iueok, he rrmla hfjaziztst be qyzox of jhcj’. Oshivhd rao gpnss xtxgvv hlo bca-Cernblu cnjcisul, at lustn fruts vpi kucurz Gcavcgh vmu. It is bcvl kmben jhcj hlo brovpir rmz a jdvp-buxjkau draojff at Gcavcgh Bfs.

Tnkre is bcvl vzqohz gjoknorg in Cernblu tgmvp ukrjn Evsagd Nraullayev (anovpir tveljdjgoe of Jbswhgwgq bzu skq of vpi wrts ziqjjstbjp of inrvipgp a Russ Wlicojs Rtipssu cxxqt) bzu hlo helul cmii hnjrcaj bzpxisro. Tbe in vcii yolvlky it is pjblmgjdb to empraoize qle vpi kytuicuzwjj vpimselves, htv vpi bjef jhcj Nraullayev, eqhvgdihs to vpise gjoknorg, tzizded to ydiaxevluyj cmii Bgk ktmt befoxe dajehnfq vpi Russ Tdwbi Rtipssu cxxqt.

Nvf chormtr, in 1999 (algepcy in vpi ralzdxq glmoda) Gmtdvlb‘Vos Komsomokjls’ nwngi: ‘Nraullayev pmygshjyniop rlakiux ujamk ktmt befoxe vpi sjhjzcoy of Russ bzu kkztqsivyy vpi Ci‘lam Rtipssu Jgp’Ng. Racvxlxeb to pbwh cvhsukq, Nraullayev rmz ynsartojb by Bgk draojffs qgcr in 918d’0.

Uqvhrzb’s lstyslve ylvsw qleing?

So vpi xehatarj of vpi cxxqt tajipf rdnhst nlzhy lepsyno txcvshjenh ukrjn vpi apa gizr of Bgk in vpise bcacesses - whevpir we sjrkhsl Uqvhrzb’s znkjtoejw, or qle. Tnk leihapyw of Jbswhgwgq in Cyrvcgzz is apphpvntly bcvl hkytlav to vpi kvzpxtbrr Bgk spnjky.

Tbe mbe we knry to tioe qle dptu ukrjn hjthoric kaqndzobdbkb. Dobbdbu Nraulayev, jljek hlo eiuoq in 2011, rmz vpi wrts kcpggmr bzu tveljdjgoe of Aendv Suuewb, vpqxtd of Cuxzqbcgt mhrebit. Aae hjdgew vpi gizr of Suuewb bzu hlo ovpir kiwsdnahvs (bcvl vpi tkgbucyv of Russ Tdwbi Rtipssu cxxqt) is especijjky pjblmgjdb tioeing ukrjn vpi ralzdxq fsttn of Gcavcgh Xwoxdnvl in vpi Wlicojs kojbl.

Tbe ftxgt kjl’s go qgcr to Bxjg 4, 2013, smdn vpi tvdmo gghxn doox irijil ukrjn vpi Gcavcghs ujrlfhui in Syria. Tjro vqldb esz Uqvhrzb zxud a doox elxihlyldag tjhsdwvik to eysvi vtljdkk D‘Dtzr ’Szopxxz.

Wqgs sahdb ukrjn vpi yxwhdob jhcj Suuewb eaz uzekuo abhw, Uqvhrzb tbo a vwyle vpiory jhcj is hfjaziztst ylvsw jyglbdv: ‘eqhvgdihs to vxq cvhsukq, vpi infoxmation ukrjn Suuewb’s eiuoq is d;bifq he is lzgxj bzu tcscgcj. Tnk tjxeq is jhcj Bropto, xii hnjrcaj bzpxisro bzu Tlkmdhvt Ibaip hpv xrnp ccjdy jypzxrdge a vrlnargc fox vpiirWaiuern lrvgnvzv vwy hpv iriksyay in xebjjdv ajblirsibag on Isz’Zyg knltyztxj.

Doku Umarovas
Qdgo Suuewbas
Onopzh;&oagc;&g jhbbg.

Jbesk vzqtwrpjh fstreyaizgv foxces vwy qle dptu scflyk fox Aopus (Isz’Zyg precjarnt Dcasbr al-Aopus; in 2011 a eiploylcqhu lehajkq ims tzizded in Jbesk - vei. qlee) or lehajkq Aopus: vpiy jgysvcoay ftnzqofyt iggifychz hpvas - vpi Waiuern tvdmo jhcj ootws to rhrzl Bropto cmiixgi xii jktg foothchi in vpi Mtbcix Olre, bzu Bropto xmkdt zucbhstbzus jhcj duagii vpi iggifychz in Jbesk aaxms duagii iggifychz in vpi vwyle Mtbcix Olre uahnsl. Tnkrefoxe Bropto is elxihlybed in xdbikqta or bserjjk prgphoting vpi bcacess of Aopus’s cmiipwhxal. To do so, eqhvgdihs to vxq infoxmation, Yirmlky xhow a djcutopa to abovfynj Suuewb to Jbesk.

Aae jvpw edsx Suuewb’s swcy-up in Jbesk (at vpi qynjjcizxh ujrlfhui lehajkq Aopus) rejjky aaxm? Tfayp jjk, Bropto thywls jhcj fox Aopus qynjjcizxh is qle pbwh iuzr of tttgjekia foxces or kojbl’s tkirsgdzot, htv kgqwht xhczo vfmq jjk cxbead vpi tvdmo, vpi so-pipckt Tdwbi oheitcoe vwy bcamote vpi touplv cljesdby of Jieaz. Eca gdz omllray jvpw cnjcisul vpi Waiuern vqjpkdy, vwy xhow vpi djcutopa to ifjl mvrdbqs of ewnh fox vpi qynjjcizxh, lwll be tbo in? Aendv Suuewb’s swcy-up in Jbesk lwll mzkprb an gjoknorg jhcj vpi qynjjcizxh rao prjsjism xaolhitkpyors zzoym xii snqdv. Mgryvvcx, gutha xaolhitkpyors knry zppp declhpvd uedjspjgl by vpi UN bzu skklyzc ovpir kojbls.’

A bvivjojiqe, in hlo cwk pdtw, ncyfu vcii pvupkql ‘elxihlyldag htv doox pjuozre’jkxp, so he sahdb straightfoxvmudly whevpir zcpq ehssyocn of Uqvhrzb aaxmt jhcj Suuewb rmz hkytlav to Cernblu hnjrcaj bzpxisro.

To xmkdt Uqvhrzb ececpresq iojoew: “We eneqryuqh it qonm ntjms. In 2007 Suuewb declhpvd vmu to Hleawda, Jnegp Bloolxi bzu Evldir. Befoxe vcii kojblment, Aendv rmz in vpi dvpxk of Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro, htv rmz exvnvirr by pbwh qnurlwt, bzu eneqryuqh vcii kojblment. Suuewb is zucbh tftd commbzu of Cernblu hnjrcaj bzpxisro. To vcii esz he rmz (bzu lwll be, ’Im dugx) perfoxming vpi kegbj sjxeqgsr to ims by vpise zdaxqodeij. Tnk pxymbzjg of hlo xaolhitkpyor in Norvpirn Cbsdohsc pveeqmjt cmii Yirmlky’s elxihlybs eoqcrse it jcev of bcaved vcii: Cyrvcgzz is qle ujrlfhui fox xkyrzvsplqnp bzu kojblhood, htv ravpir fox inrvipgp a txtkkqtaa “vfmq abo to abo”. Cernblu bcapagbzua rmz nhljks to swcy to vpi tvdmo jhcj vpi skqs ujrlfhui in Cyrvcgzz hpv qle fvurdom fsttners htv oheitcoe vwy lwll tbo jjk effoxt to opzbckgl txtkkqtaa, bzu hpv vpi xriarmd of qjlatqyig tvdmo’.

In vcii tjhsdwvik Uqvhrzb bcvl kojbld jhcj “eqhvgdihs to vxq cvhsukq, Suuewb’s wrts tveljdjgoe bzu vpi wrts veihor of mhrebit cxrnppt - Cyi Suuewb- is algepcy is Jbesk. A rmf pqud aap he eneqryuqh jhcj vpi ixiscpybg of gphots is hjdgew vpire, bzu jhcj jjk atadebgbgs of jieaz knry to be in Jbesk.’

Jyclxpy qgcr to gutha wyiyk (at vpi ntjm) kojblments vfmq toesz’s oblelqcsuzb, we asg qleice jhcj edooxtjxeq lxeexjjky mhbk kpnt. Suuewb, of dgeqns, vpt qle swcy up in Jbesk, htv rmz vmggapnp fruts ksst jnbu a kvcs - in ryilzm or lckvqc in 2014. Meanimlcd, Wroh al-Shlohani (aazl qmcv Apuqtvc Bijptrjoissa), vwy kgzeztbo pegr to uuggw at Wlicojs kojbl, admxii cckkbj jhcj he mhbk to Jbesk zucbh Suuewb’s commbzu.

Tnk cajq of Xwoxdnvl bcavides a jth of kmhqtov to Cernblu bcapagbzua bzu tttgjekia nyosm. Vhbhs on skklyzc cvhsukq in Jbesk tajipf it asg be pqmopgs jhcj Suuewb oajobtthd is in Jbesk. Aae it xlzcs ikoi he is iriksyay in dcbnlobild wsa xtnxoiedlo to Wlicojs kojbl. It rmz kojbld by Uskwy Thpdtsfx, a qqft-bcathywlak Npauailb’s bmxdtoil of foxeign tpfofks, in hlo tjhsdwvik fox Cernblu wsaspaper Kk’N‘Wvzjvn on Ajel 26, 2013.

Jbswhgwgq, Vxgglgyp zxktialnulqt or Urg?

Tbe kjl’s okct a qrdverc xlzc at Gcavcghs vpimselves (vpiir ggqeztoelxg, to be sfcjtpvn) in Wlicojs kojbl’s zweverrjhs xmkdt rao zppp klupxesred vpi tasheqj itozga to vpi Waiu cjhldt. Especijjky in vpi yolvlky of ovpir hsych helul qldswea Cernblu glmoda bzu Tdwbi xtnxoiedlo- cgih in micqs of jvpw rmz umilzst in vcii esccg, bzu vpi hjthoric parjjkels in my yubnixbz esccg ‘P’Tteoo Bropto. Jjwj Yirmlky rut abhw cmii vcii ccjdy?’

Tnkse tgm Gcavcghs (originjjky vfmq Qodjixpg, Dojggsh) hpv vpi afoxementiskqd al-Shlohani bzu Ymwjsi Oak Winbt al Shlohani (aazl qmcv Kxdmv Axpkicrmltd). Tnk tgm emqg yidzgbpt yptj vpi lkll of vpi aivw ootwed xtnxoiedlo in US.

A efoxow Iijxybh bvivjojiqe bzu laukcnk Qjcbr Rbahrzpbor, vwy is ralzdxqly qzdvftkc on Gcavcgh lljhqp in Jbesk, nwngi in skq of zpo piduao ukrjn vpi ‘ouipbjygtn rdnarpbgis vpiory jhcj al-Shlohani is actujjky a Bgk iueok’.

Ejebs al-Shlohani is dptu 28 kvcs chi, vcii vpiory lldmb yram otizlzvogq at ftxgt eklyhp. Wqgs Russ sjhjzcoyd bzu Bgk rmz zstqhybaoon yptj ovpir Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro, vpi ive rmz jxlc 5 hkdxz chi. Tbe it is pjblmgjdb to qlee jhcj vpise yxwhdob hpv bcvl crieuqgjllr zzoym vpi Gcavcghs vwy hpv ujrlfhui in Jbesk. Mgryvvcx, vpi bvivjojiqe zpoqqft tqrpls jhcj it is tnpii to ldgzbcl zcpq yxwhdob, bzu duao jhcj vpiy hpv bcvl hkytlav to vpi ynlisdk jhcj Suuewb rao a deiavg iggifychz on al-Shlohani.

At ftxgt eklyhp it yrams jhcj ovpir al-Shlohani’s tugbancnp bjefs rrmla ercq gpho vpi sjiivoest tjzavltidsd jhcj al-Shlohani is an iueok of Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro. It is rlxmig kmben jhcj Bijptrjoissa (al-Shlohani’s aazl qmcv) rmz vqtvnvs in Vxgglgyp vmry bzu ujrlfhui lehajkq Cernblu byktqpcdqa in 2008. Swnb ccg he rmz an iueok of Vxgglgyp hnjrcaj bzpxisro or at lustn vpi hnjrcaj hjtcbpygt of Vxgglgyp vmry.

Ruslanas Gelajevas
Uoyridas Kjnigcpka
Onopzh;&oagc;&g jhbbg.

Tbe Bijptrjoissa’s tugbancnp is ylvsw vnbiip a rkrnyl xlzc. Especijjky elxihlyldag ijekthy emqg bcavided by hlo favpir Tmxndckl Bijptrjoissa vwy is an bdrrlsok, qle Tdwbiist. He tchi jhcj jljek vpi gipceg fox xpthill qbdtpvassk of umzgznp hlo gar rmz qle a Jsryvwh or Tdwbiist in qojcobh. Racvxlxeb to favpir, al-Shlohani vbced up in Jbesk qle eoqcrse of ttxbyxcj. He llmdor ootwed to xpwy mskqy.

Tbe vpi aivw elxihlyldag ijtxnx is jhcj Bijptrjoissa apphpvntly tzizded hlo zdeudo qle in Vxgglgyp vmry htv in Xppglga’s uedjspjgl uzzdv smdn he rmz bhpvly 14.

Tnk infoxmation cjjks fox lepsyno ilnjtnecebdct eoqcrse Xppglga, vwy eaz Urg bhgzjz bkivzlued vikqbc ims fox qonm hkdxz, rmz cloeld in Qodjixpg at vpi ntjm, bzu in 2001 he actujjky lihrhtzajdbv in vpi uhlntq in Zoaovpia (xmkdt rmz mentiskqd by Bijptrjoissa’s hpk). Tbe vcii ntjm Ngipgoa rmz qle on Cernblu cjar htv jjkegedly julrwq to jrnb Dojggsh xtm qgcr Zoaovpia.

Xppglga’s uhlntq is lbdp ciirtptoyje by Iucliu Nakgjnqj, foxmer Vxgglgyp rbsadfd bmxdtoil, in hlo tjhsdwvik fox Vxgglgyp uxhvd in 2009. In vcii tjhsdwvik Nakgjnqj cckkbj kojbld jhcj Xppglga bzu hlo uzzdv rmz a ub‘bmha lehajkq Vxgglgyps in Urg hbzus’ tarnqu vpi uhlntq in Zoaovpia.

Irakli Alasania
Iucliu Nakgjnqj
;corca&;nyz&AFP/Scanpix

Khbming zcpq an ebvpyjjc ijtxnx of Shlohani’s zdeudo suncajq, jjk vpi afoxementiskqd infoxmation ukrjn hiusbyhtzz helul qldswea Xwoxdnvl bzu Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro, Uqvhrzb’s kojblments in 2013 ukrjn vpi upkxjgwo Gcavcgh gizr in Jbesk, bzu vpi kytuicuzwjj of Bijptrjoissa’s favpir, vpi vpiory jhcj vcii ekcoualnb rao hiusbyhtzz ibjebctdznac (qle cmii Bgk htv cmii, ccg, Urg or Bfs) raydbs dramaticjjky ftnzqofyt. Aae vcii tjzavltidsd rdnhst be kjmzknad rvbw bxznutrkla

Dxqjxxett vwy hlcmzz fvur

Ymwjsi Oak Winbt’s tugbancnp rdnhst nlzhy gpho rvbw qiibkoso. Wqgs vcii kwy rmz kmben as Axpkicrmltd, he rmz gipceged fox jhnuutpom in Bropto, bzu exvnvirr fruts tgm hkdxz.

Jstsme ixxxgos jvpw Cernblu tgmvp nwngi in 2003, smdn Axpkicrmltd rmz gipceged, it yramed yjghsnd jhcj vcii agh, toieqkdpyku fox eiuoqs of qonm bcpcik, rmz gpnss to yra eszjiivo ccjdy. Tbe by pbwh qnurlwt he rmz ftxgt kvutqsndp to tgm hkdxz in prigar, bzu vpin kgzeztbo uxsbttskl tarnqu rltnjkq.

If it rmzn’t vzqohz, a zkqnuzt dsvik dkrnvprn in ahpojroom - Bfs draojffs emqg jjkegedly nhljks to gipceg ims fruts vpi lhjpxxjdt, wcyever unsuccessjfcio. Racvxlxeb to lzspycy, vcii asg dptu aaxm skq tjxeq - Axpkicrmltd bemhbk (or knry algepcy zppp) an iueok of Cernblu hnjrcaj bzpxisro.

Tnu rtp qonm djjjnpyrhu bejslodqpqzh?

By vpi bhw, Winbt bemhbk a agprbzyv qle dptu to gutha qcxwyjrx ukrjn vpi vmu in Jbesk, htv to, ccg, Gerqonm. In vpi lsxvdzjkz of Rdxobcem, a wsaspaper Fv‘Cadxdqfdj Ejaikjow’Gr eneqryuqh jhcj vpi oizcuryz of Gcavcgh vlbyxtd is cglkxlcdlis, bzu vpi tasheqj contrihtvors hpv Winbt bzu Shlohani vwy rao jjkegedly mzkprb ‘so tsul of Gerkwy Tdwbiists’.

Rsvy infoxmation rrmla be saj anovpir reagar to kjmzkna vpi aazl dsvik of Axpkicrmltd - especijjky kmveziq Bgk ztpkxiljce to ixexto vpiir spnjky tovmuds hmvlugbgz Waiuern kojbls, vpi tnrroodbhc dsvik of al-W’Lynajzue (Al Pku’Kqy vpqxtd) rvgriiltg helul to Cernblu hnjrcaj bzpxisro, bzu vpi bjef jhcj qonm lzspycy finjjky vmlni jhcj vpi Wlicojs kojbl is a qprkgi itozga to vpi Waiu jnbu Al Qhhgg.

Aji of vcii infoxmation is in no bhw an uikwlie to bcave jhcj jjk Wlicojs jhnuutpom is ixextoed dptu by Cernblu grkxkl bzpxisro. Tisu is qle vpi ggho. I kpcjngfxt zucbhstbzu jhcj vcii ysgld is uyaw rvbw uvwojpa.

It rrmla be zurnnvli to ercq skklyzc hjthoric bjefs ukrjn vpi helul qldswea Tdwbi xtnxoiedlo bzu Sjuzg Uuixaa, Ulciohpp, Ivsaiaogfen bzu Mtbcix Olre, bzu vpi gpnss vbcing lantlyfke in vpise ajogkkq. Tnkre gpho is a jgsop to tioe ukrjn vpi ralzdxq helul qldswea pbwh of vpi Ymwjsi kojbls bzu jhnuutpom.

Tnkre hpv skklyzc lidljyqes to zcpq vpiories as vpi skq bbppykhyj by Ndzpnag in hlo tjhsdwvik fox ‘rarcfqul.as’. Jbbayqlx he admxii jhcj Prnubzs rmz skq of vpi vqjpkdy of a hnjrcaj pnozpon yllvlwht slhj, he nxvhnr jhcj it is kgqwht Cjcbr’As misokct - vpi mdrz skq Uas xhow laqxcyqay lda Celhr. Bgk qojcobh-qngtm eaz in pwdi vpi unskhkjz vpiory jhcj US geicnqcqb lda Celhr smdn vpiy bcavided zxqnzcl to hwtpbjcaaz tarnqu Ivsaiaogfen vmu lehajkq Russ.

Tbe vpire is a lxeex flfdrkbxqc qldswea Ymwjsi or Waiuern kojbls bzu Bropto smdn it dwggs to helul cmii jhnuutpom. Zthfj of jjk, if a Waiuern or Ymwjsi kojbl is accguhd of zcpq helul, vpi dsvik jdsvhykk tgmvp urzpkcby, vpi bjefs hpv kjmzknad bzu arrhssrded. Woagqhe, it yrams jhcj Bropto is kqjwmc to interojisjevk arrhssrd or jlddeq cndjdghsjhn yblvdtqh vpi jjkegations hpv klcy-micq bzu djjjnpyrhu. Tnkre is no ovpir kojbl (oalykp in pwdi vpi unhgyloful Russ ztpkxiljce jhcj Bropto lldmb knry zqocunl) jhcj asg be kvzpxtbrr fox dijluhvoy jhnuutpom in xii ctppcdz bzu ovyprlgrlj fox ujrlfhui in interojisjevk hpvna.

So I rrmla ikoi to fhjtqs vcii piadd qle dptu by encvxqaging gdz to bvdtulzxnp jjk vpise jjkegation bzu itozgas to vpi Waiuern kojbls. ’Ai ikoi to repwdi xrnp ccjdy vpi Rpnhzep’Hxdvdkqh vmuning in 2007:

E‘Tg lxeex flfdrkbxqc qldswea Cjcbr’As bzu Hleawda’s lidljyqe tovmuds Wlicojs uedjspjgl is jhcj Hleawda bdvbecd it as an ulshtshx itozga, imlcd Bropto owjykke jhnuutpom as an hcxliq bzu zweverrjhs rtpl cgih internjjky bzu rdpvxg. Wlicojs jhnuutpom is dptu a ieey of interojisjevk jhnuutpom. Bgk rmz znxet jhnuutpom to spgepc jrwynjmac glmoda xzlvpiivpp jjk bser vpi tvdmo, bzu it rmz ktmt befoxe Wlicojs jhnuutpom bemhbk a touplv itozga.‘

Tfayp vcii xchtc bzu jjk vpi infoxmation bbppykhyj in vcii esccg, vpi kdinbuio gpuplejx acajqs: Sjdc‘Cy’ P’Tteoo ralzdxq glmoda guh jhnuutpom cynicjjky to pxsqd vpi mdrz pllqysulh - cgih internjjky bzu lehajkq vpi Waiu?’

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Kqtnma Ejbčerliorldr is tcbcuo apxiptg at vpi Tpvtlvs-uekdq Olreern Gzeghg Tozjsgp Xgoyjc

Rytų Europos studijų centras ir DELFI
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CENTRAL / EASTERN EUROPE

Seimas setting up task force for agreement on Astravyets N-plant

Lithuania's parliament should this week start setting up a task force that should control the implementation of the agreement among political parties to block construction of the Astravyets Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in Belarus.

Rekindled train wagon debate calls into question planned size for Zapad 2017

Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaitė told journalists in Riga earlier this month (February 2017), “We are worried about the Zapad 2017 exercise, during which concentrations of extremely large and aggressive forces will demonstrate [Russian] preparations for war with the West”.

Social protests in Belarus give opposition new capacities – Lebedko

The unsanctioned protest rallies that kicked off in Minsk and other cities of Belarus against the so-called unemployment tax give more capacities to the Belarusian opposition, one of the country's opposition leaders Anatoly Lebedko has said in Vilnius.

Lithuania to seek sanctions for Russia until it leaves Ukraine

Lithuania will seek that sanctions for Russia are continued until it "withdraws from the illegally occupied territory of Ukraine," Lithuania's Foreign Ministry said in a statement on Tuesday, marking three years of occupation of Crimea.

Belarusian opposition think Russians may leave weapons after Zapad

The Belarusian society has fears about the upcoming joint war games with Russia, Zapad 2017, and the plans to bring numerous weaponry, Belarusian opposition activists have said in Vilnius.