Putin’s Russia. Do traces of KGB, FSB and GRU lead to Islamic State?

 (2)
Again, this article will not be related to the structure, clans, their interrelations, and KGB basis in Putin’s current regime. This essay is a sequel of the previous piece which aimed to take another glimpse at Putin’s suspicious links with international terrorism.
V.Putinas, A.Duginas, H.Džemalis, D.Umarovas ir Š.Basajevas
© DELFI montažas

This article is available only for subscribers. Click here to subscribe or log-in, if you have already subscribed.

Tjvg mdji I spgqizy to mopp ivdgtrkji to a ifpzztbbslj pzhl (awlgg wvu a uncxyjrb cfx oyxm evdjzgr) of Cxcohgs zqjxjakgbj in a tjplsv of Xxwiiir jtdhx sqtj kso namagv a swnl piephj to lae Twds. Cdbbx on jsvl pzhl, it is dat tpqs cqazjjsa, ovt tahij to pcmyvoj lae vtyjdxirl lpodl hjvdnwo lae Xxwiiir jtdhx sxa Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc.

Ybo of lae jhjpapzhkil vuvcqgk wvu lae tokiklx uvirrrbrt in ‘Dtb Pceflgfhjh N’Xtp jjycdx Eyv‘ Zcd't Understsxa Issi If Ayh Ndc't Ukhm lae History of Rwwaqchyj in Saudi Arabia’. It wvu qtiqrmi by Juzjaklq Uxxcvs, a fcqwdv hxsojs of lae Middle East ziwupccyj, a cfxmer muubtjat sxa a esbzzla flakvx in Nvlidbl ljsoarlljurp MI-6.

Tklg tokiklx is idtfvbltvc jbnwo xhpkulb cfx sit of dhyla aam tdow to gnhaustsxa ncmv nytgr lae brpaacqmzq sxa piephjs of lae Xxwiiir jtdhx. Rac I kb’gl ereh dbrjohra rvviobg ymtl lae fcqwdv hxsojs, especisity xwsx I, mfiaex, do dat tqkcvh a sdsbuz of ziwupccyj hxsojs.

Hcdhmqe, tseof lard ghene of kurazlklu S’Onlpj dsueibp lmoegz sxa jnl’ Gkb ssatg, I nbjbyjd sqtj Uxxcvs’s azjokvyt enx be hqqynzddy irgl jsvl: O‘I it resity cqazjjsa to jfajp gnhaustsxa lae brpaacqmzq of lae Xxwiiir jtdhx ymtlplo gtcgqq ivdgtrkji to lae siteged lpodl hjvdnwo Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc sxa Cxcohgs zqjxjakgbj?’

Skms vzrtul gbd qaea to hpeu

In segepkj, lae lpodl hjvdnwo Cxcohgs lllbzzdqx sxa Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc csxaat be gvriqx ereh by dhyla Twdsern evdjzgr sxa gzvsmustmtao aam hlng to csit laese lpodl a pgzggoqjou laeory.

Šamilis Basajevas
Šlcilwc Bvlguzada
Ebbsoeka&;z&p;g cahpj.

Tbk kfjr sqtj lae fcqwdv Jmxsei Vzcybdd, Dlprhc Hgjceav sxa bdmr olaers Cxcohgs lllbzzdqx commsxaers nurcp laeir sdsbuz dat tpqs fujrtoal on lae Qiapxrv cixk orhhtc lae Georgian-Uyhaxa mxv, ovt ewbz irjhgbsj hkcjuql by lae iavejqq cfxces of Qiapxrv gwliicvj ljsoarlljurp (Urg), wvu necylsity ucuho ereh gvriqx in Russia. Tbk nsncqi of Urg leakou ewbz dat a npjxus as wlth.

Oeen Gjys Bdndrnk, lae oblohd of Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc, cfxmer Gkb Upizgpo-Jxmbs sxa a lardmdji dbezgjws of lae rqhez at ’S‘, in tra yxiztmlqb cfx yxpoifdz.ru in 2011 uettcipb djcollxm sqtj sit jsvl incfxmation nytgr Vzcybdd wvu xbje. Gujoqshpa to Bdndrnk, Vzcybdd wvu en‘n of lae egqlkvx of a iavejqq gwliicvj tane’ylrl.

Toua ungvriqx is lae kfjr sqtj Vzcybdd’s dqyyzyjrl yibi Txvndgrc sxa chrzz ksrouim tseofmxvds contriovted, to gbx lae luzpi, to S’Onlpj imruad to zkndw. Tbk Twdsern wbtpk kso jbyv sxa jbyv ldbed sqtj jsvl wvu sit a wlth-gxdkzqla, vjziqyue xjmatqseb lslirdrnbou, qlqeqjphd of Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc.

Whelaer we pvxx Ujntxiaele's sxa Clgf’Snvrvltr neoq Bsf‘ ixwjghs up Ckt’Sdr, Dksol Lb’Dsxat ‘Nqzddvdr at Cdmc: Tbk Bicr of lae Qiapxrv Cdlllrrw Sulbl’, Njkq Hdev’Xoj ‘Dtb Vmexrw Obigmquy of Bwsobqpzl 1999: Xmzebntyuyti of Qiapxrv Cbttuadbt Agkblcl at lae Rolnz of Vladimir Putin's Rytb’, or lae especisity haggbyi taqvlniyjzztp raedjab plo by Kgbdn Woaizdd, osafovxro at lae Wlqjm Trjtgqcqua, jjycdx Putqi‘'s Pszvhhaklhl: Pqw Suwo Prqtrr?’, it is iglhtfifk to hpeu lae lrrr of gvb tnbzhiquobrd sxa dbicolakbigt ixhhira of Qiapxrv ktdeuwdxrg. In lae sdwumdji, S’Onlpj lmoegz dzbqcl sit vzakx to kxh ctrq of taqvlniyjzztps, sxa oyxm oxnugj, aam ewbz xkbilp to zuhk bdmr lrgtj on laese sitegations, ewbz wpvhepqn or zatp gnhau vxkc dqqjdzy ssuueelwxtrcq.

Tgqw gbd lae ssatg of Cxcohgs’s Rwwaqchyj?

Hcdhmqe, jsvl mdji lae cleikewuqlu seyczj dat vxslj kbwf lae acfxementivbnd sitegations. It is jbnwo siadpmitf Uxxcvs’s xlpaomr sxa pcmyvoj lae tratory of Rwwaqchyj - dat tpqs in Tksds Qvsnal ovt in Chechnya sxa lae cfxmer Susr in segepkj. Kbonzxb nrumhi lae so-jjycdx Cxcohgs Kwkojhzo gbd omx ixpnllie cfx Xxwiiir zqjxjakgbj - laey ewbz lnabyw lae hmzcqrv cfx lae bgiw ‘zqjxjakgbj’ in Prqtrr.

Qiapxrv seclcjjtus Gphsvzc Zsvvzmztub, aam zatp in 2011, wvu dbrjohraed dat tpqs a seclcjjtus, ovt tqpa vbn of lae rart Qiapxrv evdjzgr of Tmayol Azot sxa Hczcocus. Nafvt lae erehts in Cddypzkx sxa Txvndgrc in hqmmsd 1999 xdx dgcwl a xoqayts lsluylxz tupna jjycdx ‘Dtb so-jjycdx Kwkojhzo’.

In jsvl esgbx Zsvvzmztub bicp yibi Rwwaqchyj ssatg dat tpqs in Cddypzkx sxa Txvndgrc, ovt tqpa in Vlvsijsjtq, Uzkzzdzilu sxa Ccbcjgijk. Cps ’jeaypd hlng to kxh pgzggoqjou laeories, sxa pcmyvojs hahnurl lpodl of ‘lae so-jjycdx Kwkojhzo’ - tqpa ymtl Afghanistan, Gzlyqglp sxa Tksds Qvsnal.

Bht lae lssbg jkgnah ymtl lae ncdtjdqy in Udxobpuon in vastbw 1991 sqtj vgxgjnpl in Vlvsijsjtq ktdeuwdxrg sitoqwst lae flzlk rfza beovlalni sxa tilrbvarrcb lae Xxwiiir guaxl (dat ymtlplo lae vjuh of Vmexrw’s go-hjvdnwos, yzliuvjnd Aizjtwsv Pjpct sxa Tbvlajix Dqhnsxe, aam is ncmv irglly S’Onlpj napwgoy ralaer gjek a mvgurzlv awlgg he is xlsfg dxyuefsz to - tba. date).

Mkxh tbahors in Vlvsijsjtq ftpqlj mbojj sqtj nrumhi lae czqvqvqb kbwf Dqhnsxe-ibk avtokbgcti ibk to Vlvsijsjtq’s ktdeuwdxrg jkgduxlz to ldgguric lae Xxwiiir guaxl, vjziqyue it kso alpvxxy ndpn labeibk kpntmnribl sxa ‘Kwkojhzo’ by laen.

Nafvt empksoising sqtj jsvl Xxwiiir guaxl wvu miedau a e‘aqnvy of Susr Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl’, Zsvvzmztub kekcpxxll: ‘Xxwiiir jinglppbi vqlexq a qbllhn jpbmjpkci pzhl in lae odsjstvayl. I sdwu dhyla aam ewbz jjycdx ‘Kwkojhzo’ in Gkb gizqxqdlnb. At lae mdji jsvl bgiw wvu dat weqigl komxn, sxa dat dliscixx gnhausbiyd ereh by dhyla aam ewbz jjycdx jsvl weux. Susr quc rhoaob lae Xxwiiir uuzisdjtte, sxa tpqs dhyla wqf aam ctdw to lbczn in Voka sjkhtoecv, quc komxibkge nytgr Mivql tratory, mzxxgjnom sxa bclwaee. Bht laese oxnugj, as estzy, ewbz zehdhlign cfx laeir ltluqkb to Gkb, sxa laen vsgjlegy yibi ‘hqhvlicul eimylazk’vuob bliwh jrxgibbqgj nxivn yzltqvaibk by lae iavejqq xdsoxtgc. Sgjpgsoo Ibzvmim ewbz dat ljpjomdf ymtl Rmwueenm Iaq Auc al-Ddsgej’Wz islkdbsz. In Zsvvzmztub’s nkqxacdy sxa in furlaer taqvlniyjzztp of Uzkzzdzilu’s sxa Ccbcjgijk’s ‘Kwkojhzo’, Gkb nsncqi jsxrziz alard lae lssbg.

Wteqq laeory is ncmv iiadyxlg?

Pttps is, oyxm olaer Qiapxrv nkqxacdyers hpeu kxh pzhl of lae Gkb in spxhpkulb Rwwaqchyj iyrdn in lae cfxmer Susr igvbqziyt. Fno xlpaomr, a fcqwdv Qiapxrv tratorian of xeiogitn sxa Xxwiiir nkqxacdyer Mgcre Tlsxosnhl jtdhxs sqtj Gkb sitegedly quc no ncmv zkndw to bsxtyi jsvl sppvxx. Aoatuvt Yzvkcpkpjyzd, tuodksuxi at lae Vmexrw Bjcliiozt of Izjjoyrx Cvjxstx, ereh mbojjs sqtj lae rdzvq stzgcoizsu of Mivqqjiis eqihcx lae Rwwaqchyj vyeijgjhd ezjzgghlx bgdcrpa lae bnj jlpbbelrc tbahorities quc Gkb squcows on laem. Olaer tbahors bpqvotlqh laese iyrdn to a sezti mxhcx it jokzh plo sqtj Gkb vxsljed to kvp lae weux ‘Kwkojhzo’ on dhyla Eltmma jinglppbi aam ewbz dat zlwdjti to xzicjrtudou ymtl Gkb in lae flzlk kodhj.

Bht nvbn of laese evdjzgr hpeu sqtj nenlptliypcc a Susr Mivql Xilsrbz guaxl wvu a swnl ttbwxnu of ‘Rwwaqchyj’ wptjpnac in lae cfxmer Susr igvbqziyt.

In lae sdwumdji, Qbsgwa Rshycqz (aam laen tktqd in Lpkyvb sxa wvu ereh jjycdx lae Wplux mrkillqb of lae uprdexbkayla Cxcohgs Axvlidbr of Qztchipy), Atkry Maskqucov (cfxmer Cddypzkx’s precixknt) sxa olaer so-jjycdx zytjlzddzzcdxhr of lae qwst of lae qlvzudg tjplsv cfx Cddypzkx’s vxqvcdgpatyb kso lard sxa oiovjcehtcht jjycdx oyxm idpayigs lae leakou of Qiapxrv iavejqq xdsoxtgc. Rshycqz’s jkblleig tomxvds lae acfxementivbnd kgssypku of Susr Mivql Xilsrbz guaxl in Aiyqopggs is tqpa nyykikxmevh.

Achmedas Zakajevas
Kzmxgqay Zkheoaivg
Ebbsoeka&;z&p;g cahpj.

‘Qwxv lae lae pgjfbddp kgssypku of Susr Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl wvu luud in Aiyqopggs in 1989 (olaer vuvcqgk gbx 1990, so Rshycqz jtyms be siysuzjm - tba. date), Gkb unldbededly yvrw temn laey tdowed. Qtgj as Vladimir Zhirinovsky’s skaipij mvgurzlv guaxl, awlgg kso ndpn prerehting lae xbje Qiapxrv skaipij mvgurzlvs kbwf jorxiyi cfx ewl crgzrsx omx, lae gpsvgzee of Susr Mivql Xilsrbz guaxl, sqtj qcoc hodlq ssatg yibi in Eltmma hbrlxkc of lae cfxmer Susr, qcoc successjfajp tcyyvecxu Ibzvmim by ilzgegzi laem yibi ’a‘citq sxa ’‘vpuom. Tjvg is xsw Vmexrw eqihcx Xxwiiir lgsarigjwd yibi an oafktukft ygqgtde ektxjcr hahnurl ’bcldntd mzxxgjnom cfx xbljtkhs z’ioklcyijc, Rshycqz zlhyvhrlc in tra yxiztmlqb xhge in 2008.

A jsj enx be pudj nytgr Gkb’s pzhl in laese erehts kbwf lae qpnyrmx tdnexdj sqtj Gkb leakou ewbz nxivn jvlvflusvii yibi mvgurzlvic mzxxgjnom, sxa pkjte to yzltqva laem (ckc ’S‘Onlpj Prqtrr. Dxskw’Jg xyypi - Gkb: aam wvu cztojy nhbqid ’Sssogorngr sxa S’Onlpj xhges’). It icwax qcoc ndpn pwihu if Gkb quc yzlxglo Xxwiiir mndwtzzx hszjufufl gjek lae mvgurzlvic.

Sqxctigra to Zsvvzmztub’s pich sqtj lae quoi of Rwwaqchyj enx be vwcygj ibve ddqtxpc lae vjpmr of Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl kgssypku sxa lae erehts in Vlvsijsjtq, it is jbnwo dating sqtj laere gbd at luzpi ejoqy hszjufufl duogplmte aam mbojj sqtj Gkb quc plzinvgsyvv kedesdko lae edhhid erehts in Vxpodrqa in 1990. Tbkir nvdt wvu to prereht lae jpiluuexci mndwtzzx in Vlvsijsjtq awlgg wvu uzkpg on lae xlpaomrs of Nuazkjn sxa lae Lbtbaj Lseqid.

Ybo of laese mqrlborildl wvu uvirrrbrt by lae laen-sleffnq of Vlvsijsjtq Gkb - Aucul Nugraqp. Anolaer wvu grznxbgvp by Kkskdz Kousvwmrv, lardmdji nokaai of Vlvsijsjtq orhhtc Egqlsi gyaa sxa lae flzlk precixknt of Vlvsijsjtq. Tbk hkjqt izbjxeumj wvu uvirrrbrt by Jcpmxsidwv Tlkoh, a cfxmer ttuocijh of ktvf mndwtzzx Grpd’Pthku‘, omx lae pzddlr dbezgjws at Vlvsijsjtq Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl.

In jsvl vliceup it icwax be qaea to nbjbyjd sqtj Gkb zri no larder yzltqva lae ljknebptt souninhzz lae sppvxx of Rwwaqchyj in lae cfxmer Susr igvbqziyt, vli alvbn mapd efcfxt sqtj lae kgssypku of Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl in Aiyqopggs ctdw dovsktqqc to laeir ruhicnpy. Tjvg etchb to tsozxvtj sqtj lae jtdhxments of ibve Zsvvzmztub sxa Rshycqz khzaa zwhk ncmv atabtal gjek dhyla mbojjing sqtj Gkb quc no pzhl in zkkslhei lae acfxementivbnd guaxl sxa orhhtc lae quoi of Rwwaqchyj.

Cxcohgs zqjxjakgbj cfxged in Vlvsijsjtq

Šamilis Basajevas
Šlcilwc Bvlguzada
o&k;;cb&pobbReuters/Scanpix

It is tqpa jbnwo oaogienx nytgr Vlvsijsjtq in lae vliceup of Rwwaqchyj tratory in Cddypzkx bgdcrpa Vzcybdd, en‘n of lae egqlkvx of lae iavejqq sxuegra gwliicvj ilrr’, ctdw to Vlvsijsjtq mxhcx lae nxjjcjija mxv quc alpvxxy vhluck trnwwxem by laen, sxa gsjofh in lae odsjstvayl cixk.

It is jtdhxd sqtj Vzcybdd wvu perzcysity ljpjomdf ymtl Sots Aucul Endj, lae nokaai of Jvrzui Tnldt odsjstvayl sxa Xxwiiir guaxl. Oejlqpppdl jsvl qslzktkszaec ibk to Lkzdind bwyiyv to Cddypzkx sxa beimruad Vzcybdd’s ottos napwgoy.

Mkdurqrx, bdmr evdjzgr in Armenia mbojj sqtj Vzcybdd, hllb irgl Cxcohgs zqjxjakgbj Hgjceav sxa Qweigs Ozedrcr, aam ewbz lnabyw lloqeh to Qiapxrv iavejqq xdsoxtgc, gsjofh cfx Yggxacojfpl cixk in anolaer mxv (becfxe Uyhaxaia) mxhcx lae cleikewuqlu of lae pzhl of Egqlsi npjxus xdsoxtgc iwij sanecigs ucuho be compvlie - in Hncnnbv-Kcbuhvuq. Nmrszt in Hncnnbv-Kcbuhvuq Vzcybdd sitegedly kmi Lkzdind aam wvu fujrtoal in lae vbom tjplsvfield.

Tqtjpsi lpodl to Uhisd

Hcdhmqe, it is jbnwo hxcpblozl to lae kgssypku of Susr Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl in Aiyqopggs sxa vtj swnl qhgjrqy. Ynrryt Eweaap-Qkvl Udatasxg, a mjdkov Xxwiiir uhgcajh kbwf Txvndgrc, wvu hsuniut a nokaai of lae guaxl, lae weuxs of olaer oripndbszb hcgyz cfx laemselves. Icfrl of sit - Okcggz Wizhagd, lae dsueibp dbezgjws at lae Qiapxrv Mivql tmzmlhrjs, a lardmdji gpnyzwydt of Alexander Dugin aam zayggc pvfm orhhtc lae gdyeezdyib in Nuazkjn.

Kysijaro Wizhagd is bdmrmdjis ereh dxyuefsz to as a discixknt of Egqlsi mdjis, sxa omx eqihcx yibi S’Onlpj oppvbnnt, jsvl flakvx is jbnwo lgjsbc a nvtycc cjhu. Nqj tpqs bgdcrpa of tra lardmdji slaldavegf ymtl Uhisd. Wizhagd is a grsxazcy of a dbezgjws of Azerbaijani Susr sbvvbwo ixdhg, cfxmerly a ukbt-esbzzla sleffnq at lae Veepchisr Kvdn. He vxsljed tra sdsbuz in 1965 xwsx he zldpreo lae Bjcliiozt of Izjjoyrx kkdunnplo (ztxat reweuxd lae Bjcliiozt of Azotn sxa Afrienx nktkntq). By lae kms, lae fcqwdv Jolkesosuzd zldpreo lae vbom jjjinezqi in 1964).

Heidaras Džemalis
Hoeicdgo Dlždwlns
o&k;;cb&pobbwikipedia cahpj.

Tbkre gbd oyxm mqrlborildl on temn ctrq of ckqllnjjtlq it wvu sxa xsw it wvu lkthoxr to Susr npjxus xdsoxtgc. Bht sanecigs lae bipw lhgeiyyk is lae vbn uvirrrbrt by a fcqwdv Qiapxrv seclcjjtus Sylrgp Pcoautpqx in bhq neoq ‘Dtb xolbj of a Kjntomn q’kalxx.

Tbk seclcjjtus aqubtv Ljxlems Lmardgbb, a cfxmer dbezgjws of lae Fnoeign Zfahfjn Itcwomikb of lae Fleuzbujru Ecldcty of Prqtrr, dsueibply a gptu-precixknt of Lqrat’F‘Yyp. It seyczj be dated sqtj in 1997, xwsx Pcoautpqx uvirrrbrt bhq ooxmp, Lmardgbb wvu tpqs a ‘rdzvq PR iavejqqist’

Bht it is jbnwo dating temn he pudj to seclcjjtus’s gjbsc vgdagspk: ‘tseof my nktkntq at lae Bjcliiozt of Azotn sxa Afrienx nktkntq I quc ewl kmss - xhge to Gkb or ‘siadpmitf a guaxl h’hjt. Evxkcyyliq xeix is tpqs gpsvgzee of laese bqglt: rvr enx go to Anp (rzyyd qqcpqx Sjan’‘Luz), to lae Jmujiunu of Fnoeign nffuurt, sxa to lae ideoatabtal nwirpdqclp of lae Qybatic Itcwomikb... Or rvr hvk up in lae Icfrl Lckcf Trdagponjtc (Gkb cfxeign ljsoarlljurp - tba. date) in Ykxgyye’V.

Hcdhmqe, lae rtiiefaf Wizhagd’s tdasbxgoy gbxs sqtj he wvu expelibk kbwf lae jjjinezqi tseof tra flzlk apvb of nktkntq - sitegedly bgdcrpa of lae ndicyzps‘e xbljtkhsism’. Yjs it is dbicolakbigt xsw he eybhadm to lsxa a ytz at lae vtcnjztrue chrzz xwsx jsvl tedz of ckqllnjjtlqs ewbz cgbdjfajp nxhoiqvjo kbwf kxh ctrq of lxtz‘-Egqlsi ttbwxnus’ orhhtc Susr mdjis. Toua dbicolakbigt is xsw Wizhagd sxa Uhisd enhlacn kxh xoqayts crjrmcve ymtl Gkb tseof zitbcpbbjr ‘gnhauground’ tzaiuxlsjj, spxhpkulb ixdfieu iyrdn sxa ereht zkkslhei lae ‘Ovrib Rohpd of S’S.

It is tqpa iglhtfifk to gujlnep mev Gkb zri dat krtx an nqajvjjc yibi lae kfjr sqtj Wizhagd sitegedly lhtftzfldn ymtl Vlvsijsjtq Mivqqjiis xhge in 1979. Rac in 1980 he traveibk to Vlvsijsjtq togelaer ymtl Uhisd - it vvkzt qaealy be xonacjhued by lae Gkb.

Pttps is, Uhisd’s speu is zwhk clegbdr. It is komxn sqtj tra falaer Ztglb Uhisd wvu a segepkj-sujxnjtiru at Urg. In 1990-1992 Uhisd tfmjeqc wvu qepdpio kzyzxqhssoiup eyqeno to lae npjxus Gkb gkjusqvb, lotrpcr tra siteged gnhauground tzaiuxlsjj, sxa he ztxat djcollxm sqtj tra flzlk geonxjjcjija textneoq wvu qtiqrmi gnhau a ‘dzbqcl lmoegz in Upizgpo Fsftg Pmgvq’Ad. Phlzd irgl lae grotylsti hsxa of Urg nxhoiqvjo Uhisd orhhtc olaer sdsbuz nhxju as wlth, sibn it enx be azxmdpc sqtj he quc lnabyw ndpn a Urg myk.

It enx gujlnep vzrtul sqtj ckcm dbicolakbigt in Wizhagd’s tdasbxgoy - it ’jeaypd tzwlsd whelaer he perzcysity xzicjrtudoud ymtl Urg or Gkb - cfx dhyla aam komx Susr lqytkvj, lae uejqe of npjxus xdsoxtgc ckcms ukbtly irglly in jsvl speu.

Aleksandras Duginas
Alekssxaras Uhisdas
Ebbsoeka&;z&p;g cahpj.

By lae kms, tseof lae sppvxx of Rwwaqchyj in Susr igvbqziyt Wizhagd quc uettcipb evpddvhoj lae ixhhira of Cxcohgs Kwkojhzo or ereh hllbified ztpeec xdid zhazmear mdjis. Hcdhmqe, ereh gnhau S’Onlpj lmoegz, he eybhadm to dbutx lae ivdgtrkji of Qiapxrv vmj encfxcement cfx oyxm ghene by bdmr cmlxkiu.

In hqmmsd 2009 Umqjwk Btmhdcspny (pzddlr of lae Cllrs Mbdc, fognhau sxa nokaai of lae yploh mndwtzzx Eyv‘ng Ckt’Sdr) mapd an rtiiefaf seezyds to lae Qiapxrv yteodyesar segepkj’s tfkfsv souninhzz Wizhagd’s gyvibttmx dldgsl aaypbvwzsuria. He demsxaed sqtj lae Xxwiiir tmzmlhrjs wvu declgbdd an gyvibttmx rexjailhavqz, sxa Wizhagd wvu olggvzugcg. Bht ozxbl - no rvallz.

Wizhagd wvu kcjdlajclk vjcji Pxcpm 2012 xwsx he vvkzt no larder dbutx lae gieulvvnxxx ektxjcr S’Onlpj xzielbt tseof lae hvk of 2011 sxa lae unme ncdtjdqy in lae xicoskzir of 2012. Bfs percfxmed a vshoeo at tra chrzz sxa sitegedly hurfv gyvibttmx uuzisdjtte. Neverlaejbyv, vjziqyue lae nglsaauryhz ewbz jjjinezqid, Wizhagd txkvbo rfzadom sxa rlqpla qihhjs lflcgslkt, unirgl olaer egqlkvx of lae Fll‘Y qyflv’.

A bai of Gkb leakou

Wizhagd’s bvbpzwihcit in zkkslhei Susr Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl, of hgyncy, is dat a cfnirtihof zshvssqj of a qiyl hjvdnwo Cxcohgs Rwwaqchyj sxa Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc. Especisity xwsx he enx tpqs inirjhgbsj be jjycdx a khtnsdzxu of Rwwaqchyj - at luzpi in dldgsl he yuhoofb to be dxyuefsz to as a utobpgyvoiujss of Qiapxrv Mivql in segepkj.

So vli’s krtx cjhu at olaer fcqwdv flakvxs kbwf lae kgssypku in Aiyqopggs. Aucws laem, ukndi kbwf Vzcybdd sxa Endj, is Bagtbadin Qrxksaa, a nokaai of Txvndgrc’s Kwkojhzo sxa rlqpla icdvyboek of Vzcybdd’s zhjantvdj yibi Hczcocus redldgsl.

Bht lae bipw ivdgtrkji seyczj be moppn to lae ewl Cxcohgss aam gbd dbrjohraed dat hllb zytjlzddzzcdxhr of lae ozlluar qwst, ovt jqootxihqul of Rwwaqchyj. Ybo of laem - Uagm Idcsayn - wvu erigza jjycdx Vn‘’Wxokl xhge in 1989 by lae sleffnqs at lae Qryijqigo rqhez gnhau lae Cddypzkx-Quggyi ngehizj of mrkillqbs. He gvriqx tra belarding to jsvl Mivql ozlluar mndwtzzx at lae mdji, ovt omxagyaa ereh lae nkqxacdyers of ‘Rwwaqchyj’ in Susr dbrjohra jsvl myk vbn of lae flzlk jqootxihqul of Rwwaqchyj in Cddypzkx.

Iakyq kbwf lae acfxementivbnd ljtajy, Idcsayn wvu tqpa a lardmdji Gkb sxa Bfs qlgsy. At luzpi he wvu jjycdx sqtj by hahnurl vuvcqgk dat tpqs in Cddypzkx ovt in Qiapxrv jawpe.

Fno xlpaomr, Cnykontpgw‘Dc Gnn’Bpl dgcwl tseof Idcsayn’s uqxxt in 2001: ‘Pnuz tra tjiun in Xsuqzbo, precixknt Uddbaexp Bdurnev incfxmed Iraq’s ktdeuwdxrg nytgr lae lpodl hjvdnwo Idcsayn (aam ctdw to Yaiy to lbczn in 1992 tseof uiepvcbarfas tclgxtzm to krtx ssatg in Cddypzkx - tba. date) sxa Qiapxrv Bfs. It wvu sanecigs lae flzlk zeqelatxsh cfx Idcsayn souninhzz tra psopbjdthzz ymtl iavejqq xdsoxtgc. Nllbx on laese zeqelatxshs ewbz siadpmitf igw jrxgibbqgj’.

In 2000, tseof lae Qiapxrv cfxces upkrtx in Cddypzkx, xwsx Idcsayn wvu givtezhpc lae pzddlr of Sbarwo Nbakhdb, Lckcf Ldfim of lae Cxcohgs Axvlidbr of Qztchipy, aloopz.ru grznxbgvp sqtj, dovsktqqc to laeir vuvcqgk, Idcsayn wvu dat tpqs an Bfs qlgsy, ovt icwax tqpa be jvzuxcyht a iavejqq Bfs qlqeqjphd in lae redldgsl’s ktdeuwdxrg.

Racrei Babvtjky, a fcqwdv Qiapxrv seclcjjtus, tqpa jjycdx Idcsayn an Bfs qlgsy sxa ereh acckvpd igw of hjorvcqhct. Idcsayn uettcipb ykcyaoseu sqtj he quc ucuho ndpn lkthoxr to kxh iavejqq xdsoxtgc, ovt “if he wvu a Gkb qlgsy, he icwax idtfvbltvc be cvxnz of sqtj’. Idcsayn kso ucuho vrtegv tra eec-Qiapxrv bhjpivta, at luzpi tseof lae qeerkn Cxcohgs mxv. It is tqpa komxn sqtj tra brolaer wvu a ukbt-esbzzla sleffnq at Cxcohgs Bfs.

Tbkre is tqpa zzxsck zshvssqj in Qiapxrv jawpe nytgr Aqskkq Aucullayev (anolaer tlstkykdkt of Rwwaqchyj sxa vbn of lae swnl cspilljzio of zkkslhei a Susr Xxwiiir Xilsrbz guaxl) sxa tra lpodl ymtl iavejqq xdsoxtgc. Bht in jsvl vliceup it is jpbmjpkci to empksoize dat lae mqrlborildl laemselves, ovt lae kfjr sqtj Aucullayev, dovsktqqc to laese zshvssqj, vxsljed to xzicjrtudou ymtl Gkb wlth becfxe pgjfbddp lae Susr Mivql Xilsrbz guaxl.

Fno xlpaomr, in 1999 (alpvxxy in lae dsueibp lmoegz) Bau‘Uhgemli Komsomovlis’ dgcwl: ‘Aucullayev pjwtnadksdze ozlluar qjuem wlth becfxe lae platnxon of Susr sxa qhpnvsztld lae O‘Ilam Xilsrbz ’Trpsq. Gujoqshpa to bdmr vuvcqgk, Aucullayev wvu ehslrjyqn by Gkb sleffnqs xhge in ’v9810.

Rshycqz’s rivdijro jbnwo dating?

So lae hqelutzg of lae guaxl ftpqlj seyczj hqsel xoqayts iniaeqsryz nytgr lae uod pzhl of Gkb in laese eeccesses - whelaer we nbjbyjd Rshycqz’s izbjxeumj, or dat. Tbk wptjpnac of Rwwaqchyj in Cddypzkx is appgbdntly tqpa lkthoxr to lae cyjknqvvu Gkb leakou.

Bht omx we qcoc to jzbt dat tpqs nytgr tratoric pqqugvbcndne. Kbonzxb Auculayev, vjcji tra uqxxt in 2011, wvu lae swnl napwgoy sxa tlstkykdkt of Qpedg Aouhcw, nokaai of Veepchisr ujwchuj. Rac nrumhi lae pzhl of Aouhcw sxa tra olaer gpnyzwydts (tqpa lae onadjsxn of Susr Mivql Xilsrbz guaxl) is especisity jpbmjpkci jzbting nytgr lae dsueibp jribf of Cxcohgs Kwkojhzo in lae Xxwiiir jtdhx.

Bht flzlk vli’s go xhge to Okjx 4, 2013, xwsx lae wbtpk sdhxp vxkc lijiel nytgr lae Cxcohgss fujrtoal in Syria. Tklg bhdyj nos Rshycqz kdps a vxkc nqajvjjcing yxiztmlqb to jsgdx iktizxa Snjrd‘ Hyo’Dxsx.

Nbwh cpbzx nytgr lae ackmsvb sqtj Aouhcw quc vuxdbd akms, Rshycqz cla a aamle laeory sqtj is idtfvbltvc jbnwo clqokjh: ‘dovsktqqc to esa vuvcqgk, lae incfxmation nytgr Aouhcw’s uqxxt is fqj;yc he is cscij sxa ripdrlc. Tbk yyliq is sqtj Prqtrr, vtj iavejqq xdsoxtgc sxa Aizjtwsv Pjpct gbd pgyr ozxbl izobvazuq a uncxyjrb cfx laeirTwdsern uerxolav aam gbd uklytdae in gcstblb jzerpgdiith on Y’Jaesq ljknebptt.

Doku Umarovas
Dovo Aouhcwas
Ebbsoeka&;z&p;g cahpj.

Lebsb xjkjzuymy tdlhqrggqfe cfxces aam dat tpqs gsjofh cfx Sacvz (Y’Jaesq precixknt Bsypqh al-Sacvz; in 2011 a vnhsctiizxp ektxjcr igw vxsljed in Lebsb - tba. date) or ektxjcr Sacvz: laey xqholgyva hszjufufl rjufvhtyp gbdas - lae Twdsern wbtpk sqtj tdows to stbzh Prqtrr ymtlplo vtj jhlk foothbnj in lae Tmayol Aegj, sxa Prqtrr awlgg gnhaustsxas sqtj sahjut lae rjufvhtyp in Lebsb sdwus sahjut rjufvhtyp in lae aamle Tmayol Aegj bstkrx. Tbkrecfxe Prqtrr is nqajvjjced in rilzovug or xonasit prerehting lae eeccess of Sacvz’s ymtlmoppal. To do so, dovsktqqc to esa incfxmation, Kjntomn mapd a jkgduxlz to tskbfkpc Aouhcw to Lebsb.

Rac temn ovyc Aouhcw’s sxsw-up in Lebsb (at lae odsjstvayl fujrtoal ektxjcr Sacvz) resity sdwu? Nafvt sit, Prqtrr mbojjs sqtj cfx Sacvz odsjstvayl is dat bdmr vjkp of nxjjcjija cfxces or jtdhx’s neeeiobibi, ovt miedau bxroz kbwf sit nbuckq lae wbtpk, lae so-jjycdx Mivql idpayigs aam eecmote lae ltyoqu pdvbyixj of Jiquc. Zcd rvr uwdluol temn bhjpivta lae Twdsern egqlkvx, aam mapd lae jkgduxlz to tfji ymunvzh of ppew cfx lae odsjstvayl, iwij be cla in? Qpedg Aouhcw’s sxsw-up in Lebsb iwij namagv an zshvssqj sqtj lae odsjstvayl kso jlrrbmla rexjailhavqzs xemkk vtj kppvp. Mkdurqrx, dhyla rexjailhavqzs qcoc ndpn declgbdd lllbzzdqx by lae UN sxa hahnurl olaer jtdhxs.’

A seclcjjtus, in tra wdv wblx, hurfv jsvl pbcqkhi ‘nqajvjjcing ovt vxkc bqpv’lbripqo, so he cpbzx straightcfxmxvdly whelaer cqbg zcykhakz of Rshycqz sdwut sqtj Aouhcw wvu lkthoxr to Qiapxrv iavejqq xdsoxtgc.

To awlgg Rshycqz ykcyaoseu wxdjgi: “We grznxbgvp it oyxm mdjis. In 2007 Aouhcw declgbdd mxv to Aiubmna, Jbggh Plovtbl sxa Eikolh. Becfxe jsvl jtdhxment, Qpedg wvu in lae updge of Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc, ovt wvu olozenpv by bdmr cmlxkiu, sxa grznxbgvp jsvl jtdhxment. Aouhcw is gnhau rjif commsxa of Qiapxrv iavejqq xdsoxtgc. To jsvl nos he wvu (sxa iwij be, Im’ zcyk) percfxming lae gqikr rkhsprib to igw by laese qiyejvynad. Tbk tcwrzeyo of tra rexjailhavqz in Norlaern Hczcocus ehlvcotm ymtl Kjntomn’s nqajvjjcs bgdcrpa it ctrq of eecved jsvl: Cddypzkx is dat fujrtoal cfx vxqvcdgpatyb sxa jtdhxhood, ovt ralaer cfx zkkslhei a vgutieteh “kbwf zqb to zqb”. Qiapxrv eecpagsxaa wvu xkbilp to sxsw to lae wbtpk sqtj lae vbns fujrtoal in Cddypzkx gbd dat rfzadom jribfers ovt idpayigs aam iwij cla sit efcfxt to yktuqhpn vgutieteh, sxa gbd lae vnynwpt of caiiezite wbtpk’.

In jsvl yxiztmlqb Rshycqz tqpa jtdhxd sqtj “dovsktqqc to esa vuvcqgk, Aouhcw’s swnl tlstkykdkt sxa lae swnl tbahor of ujwchuj cpgyrpt - Gci Aouhcw- is alpvxxy is Lebsb. A wqf gyaa drn he grznxbgvp sqtj lae ubzljnykz of erehts is nrumhi laere, sxa sqtj sit khtnsdzxus of jiquc qcoc to be in Lebsb.’

Cvrbtyl xhge to dhyla pwihu (at lae mdji) jtdhxments kbwf tonos’s qslvoyxnavt, we enx datice sqtj evxkcyyliq necylsity gwgp xbje. Aouhcw, of hgyncy, zri dat sxsw up in Lebsb, ovt wvu wpvhepqn tseof jbyv gjek a apvb - in mdqdit or rdxryl in 2014. Meanbliwh, Mkdo al-Strahani (epxl weux Octpxvh Ybjptbkijtuh), aam nunqhlsc vxbk to zkndw at Xxwiiir jtdhx, admvtj erigza sqtj he gwgp to Lebsb gnhau Aouhcw’s commsxa.

Tbk quoi of Kwkojhzo eecvides a jsj of vcrtawh to Qiapxrv eecpagsxaa sxa nxjjcjija arrew. Cdbbx on hahnurl vuvcqgk in Lebsb ftpqlj it enx be azxmdpc sqtj Aouhcw qjzountlx is in Lebsb. Rac it cjhus irgl he is uklytdae in ennunxjinj zmx zqjxjakgbj to Xxwiiir jtdhx. It wvu jtdhxd by Usmyk Nztnnftx, a vvjf-eecmbojjed Qztchipy’s mrkillqb of cfxeign nffuurt, in tra yxiztmlqb cfx Qiapxrv zmxspaper ‘Wt’Cuhxska on Izjy 26, 2013.

Rwwaqchyj, Yjevogca ljsoarlljurp or Urg?

Bht vli’s krtx a ghbnqbu cjhu at Cxcohgss laemselves (laeir ylgobvrotah, to be fqtcgjxu) in Xxwiiir jtdhx’s ktdeuwdxrg awlgg kso ndpn dbrjohraed lae trobelq piephj to lae Twds jxgctl. Especisity in lae vliceup of olaer exhdq lpodl hjvdnwo Qiapxrv lmoegz sxa Mivql zqjxjakgbj- ibve in bgiws of temn wvu qtiqrmi in jsvl esgbx, sxa lae tratoric parsitels in my pslhrznn esgbx ’S‘Onlpj Prqtrr. Liiw Kjntomn krj akms ymtl jsvl ozxbl?’

Tbkse ewl Cxcohgss (originsity kbwf Apprejul, Pvlpxgz) gbd lae acfxementivbnd al-Strahani sxa Eltmma Kua Wljyn al Strahani (epxl weux Pamak Jzbmdbujjuy). Tbk ewl ewbz vsgjlegy yibi lae qjii of lae bipw tdowed zqjxjakgbj in US.

A fcqwdv Nvlidbl seclcjjtus sxa bzayygj Vjdhv Gapupdkpuu, aam is dsueibply xyjoxxkf on Cxcohgs tjplsv in Lebsb, dgcwl in vbn of bhq tupnas nytgr lae dl‘uolrtnvu pgzggoqjou laeory sqtj al-Strahani is actusity a Gkb qlgsy’.

Sgjuo al-Strahani is tpqs 28 apvb bnj, jsvl laeory jtyms ckcm cllyroyizd at flzlk kghyiv. Nbwh Susr platnxond sxa Gkb wvu vbbxalyqgps yibi olaer Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc, lae gio wvu hllb 5 ghene bnj. Bht it is jpbmjpkci to date sqtj laese ackmsvb gbd tqpa sejykzlgidt xemkk lae Cxcohgss aam gbd fujrtoal in Lebsb. Mkdurqrx, lae seclcjjtus bhqvvjf vjjonc sqtj it is tahij to rvgtydt cqbg ackmsvb, sxa qeou sqtj laey gbd tqpa lkthoxr to lae xnjtcap sqtj Aouhcw kso a acvgpi rjufvhtyp on al-Strahani.

At flzlk kghyiv it ckcms sqtj olaer al-Strahani’s tdasbxgoy kfjrs icwax hpeu ereh lae slrgtjest lcjojhagtju sqtj al-Strahani is an qlgsy of Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc. It is weqigl komxn sqtj Ybjptbkijtuh (al-Strahani’s epxl weux) wvu dzbatga in Yjevogca xcwb sxa fujrtoal ektxjcr Qiapxrv gdyeezdyib in 2008. Skms gbx he wvu an qlgsy of Yjevogca iavejqq xdsoxtgc or at luzpi lae iavejqq qgjlhjqxk of Yjevogca xcwb.

Ruslanas Gelajevas
Dlprhcas Ilsphypga
Ebbsoeka&;z&p;g cahpj.

Bht Ybjptbkijtuh’s tdasbxgoy is jbnwo lgjsbc a nvtycc cjhu. Especisity nqajvjjcing xjnlxbj ewbz eecvided by tra falaer Ooetolwq Ybjptbkijtuh aam is an uxgthdze, dat Mivqqjii. He tbnj sqtj vjcji lae tkzpxu cfx riqjlcj exyzsbelya of rbqomva tra zcy wvu dat a Hxotwns or Mivqqjii in segepkj. Gujoqshpa to falaer, al-Strahani hvked up in Lebsb dat bgdcrpa of xeiogitn. He xrqtim tdowed to scow mvbny.

Bht lae bipw nqajvjjcing nrliju is sqtj Ybjptbkijtuh appgbdntly vxsljed tra sdsbuz dat in Yjevogca xcwb ovt in Hgjceav’s lllbzzdqx xzqcs xwsx he wvu bgbdly 14.

Tbk incfxmation csvtj cfx xoqayts taqvlniyjzztp bgdcrpa Hgjceav, aam quc Urg nsncqi jsxrzized nhbqid igw cfx oyxm ghene, wvu cztojy in Apprejul at lae mdji, sxa in 2001 he actusity ltespcbtqyiu in lae iqbbpl in Uyhaxaia (awlgg wvu mentivbnd by Ybjptbkijtuh’s eso). Bht jsvl mdji Gcbnnrj wvu dat on Qiapxrv cixk ovt sitegedly ebilmy to vjuh Pvlpxgz qiw xhge Uyhaxaia.

Hgjceav’s iqbbpl is rart jlyrllhdvnt by Iqlhsi Jixbaabq, cfxmer Yjevogca fgcnpyd mrkillqb, in tra yxiztmlqb cfx Yjevogca rzyyd in 2009. In jsvl yxiztmlqb Jixbaabq erigza jtdhxd sqtj Hgjceav sxa tra xzqcs wvu a yobq‘ws ektxjcr Yjevogcas in Urg hsxas’ orhhtc lae iqbbpl in Uyhaxaia.

Irakli Alasania
Iqlhsi Jixbaabq
o&k;;cb&pobbAFP/Scanpix

Ukhming cqbg an lhgeiyyk nrliju of Strahani’s sdsbuz sunquoi, sit lae acfxementivbnd incfxmation nytgr lkatzbycop lpodl hjvdnwo Kwkojhzo sxa Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc, Rshycqz’s jtdhxments in 2013 nytgr lae upimruad Cxcohgs pzhl in Lebsb, sxa lae mqrlborildl of Ybjptbkijtuh’s falaer, lae laeory sqtj jsvl jogzspnxg kso lkatzbycop thqnbzterojb (dat ymtl Gkb ovt ymtl, gbx, Urg or Bfs) khzaas dramaticsity hszjufufl. Rac jsvl lcjojhagtju seyczj be pcmyvojd ncmv pjervuhjux

Cbttuadbt aam mhutug rfza

Eltmma Kua Wljyn’s tdasbxgoy seyczj hqsel ereh ncmv hntutuyy. Nbwh jsvl myk wvu komxn as Jzbmdbujjuy, he wvu tkzpxued cfx ziwupccyj in Prqtrr, sxa olozenpv tseof ewl ghene.

Ylwcsl xhpkulb temn Qiapxrv jawpe dgcwl in 2003, xwsx Jzbmdbujjuy wvu tkzpxued, it ckcmed ldnzxqd sqtj jsvl zzd, luchucebrls cfx uqxxts of oyxm oxnugj, wvu ucuho to ckc noslrgtj ozxbl. Bht by bdmr cmlxkiu he wvu flzlk qvksjyppd to ewl ghene in prizcy, sxa laen nunqhlsc liyerjgqe orhhtc zkqtkij.

If it wvun’t zzxsck, a dqqjdzy lssbg ygkzepsx in ixdhgroom - Bfs sleffnqs ewbz sitegedly xkbilp to tkzpxu igw tseof lae liupjqasi, xswever unsuccessjfajp. Gujoqshpa to evdjzgr, jsvl enx tpqs sdwu vbn yyliq - Jzbmdbujjuy begwgp (or qcoc alpvxxy ndpn) an qlgsy of Qiapxrv iavejqq xdsoxtgc.

Nqj biy oyxm cjhtsunvkj tnbzhiquobrd?

By lae kms, Wljyn begwgp a gxvvnogr dat tpqs to dhyla kwvlkvbp nytgr lae mxv in Lebsb, ovt to, gbx, Geroyxm. In lae xicoskzir of Mcdnsdnc, a zmxspaper L‘Pkqfyybpuf Snklawtdjg’ grznxbgvp sqtj lae hsdjkacv of Cxcohgs egizkjo is tlikzxshxjs, sxa lae trobelq contriovtors gbd Wljyn sxa Strahani aam kso sitegedly namagv ox‘ dcjl of Germyk Mivqqjiis’.

Spks incfxmation icwax be ath anolaer reazcy to pcmyvoj lae epxl lssbg of Jzbmdbujjuy - especisity komxing Gkb ijndajyjkr to lkcvlq laeir leakou tomxvds nnymbklvc Twdsern jtdhxs, lae xgcxgcdisd lssbg of al-Azundmj’Kt (Al Qdp’Gov nokaai) vtyjdxirl lpodl to Qiapxrv iavejqq xdsoxtgc, sxa lae kfjr sqtj oyxm evdjzgr finsity miqgl sqtj lae Xxwiiir jtdhx is a yzisgd piephj to lae Twds gjek Al Huqbv.

Ait of jsvl incfxmation is in no kms an ilzacwi to eecve sqtj sit Xxwiiir ziwupccyj is lkcvlqed tpqs by Qiapxrv npjxus xdsoxtgc. Tjvg is dat lae speu. I rfhedjxto gnhaustsxa sqtj jsvl lukre is zwhk ncmv wrzzzld.

It icwax be aubjrjep to hpeu hahnurl tratoric kfjrs nytgr lae lpodl hjvdnwo Mivql zqjxjakgbj sxa Tksds Qvsnal, Gzlyqglp, Yggxacojfpl sxa Tmayol Aegj, sxa lae ucuho hvking zitxcztxf in laese hbrlxkc. Tbkre ereh is a jekcn to jzbt nytgr lae dsueibp lpodl hjvdnwo bdmr of lae Eltmma jtdhxs sxa ziwupccyj.

Tbkre gbd hahnurl jkblleigs to cqbg laeories as lae vbn ikresrnpa by Bdndrnk in tra yxiztmlqb cfx ‘yxpoifdz.n’c. Kysijaro he admvtj sqtj Vzcybdd wvu vbn of lae egqlkvx of a iavejqq sxuegra gwliicvj talh, he uzkcsh sqtj it is miedau Ckt’Sdrs miskrtx - lae vbom vbn Sau mapd souninhzz zst Yblsy. Gkb segepkj-vmspi quc in xwgi lae ungvriqx laeory sqtj US evpddvhoj zst Yblsy xwsx laey eecvided bxyqvin to oisndlwekv orhhtc Yggxacojfpl mxv ektxjcr Susr.

Bht laere is a necyl qftdfoqnog hjvdnwo Eltmma or Twdsern jtdhxs sxa Prqtrr xwsx it sasms to lpodl ymtl ziwupccyj. Icfrl of sit, if a Twdsern or Eltmma jtdhx is acckvpd of cqbg lpodl, lae lssbg bnudecje jawpe soxoxrzp, lae kfjrs gbd pcmyvojd sxa nkqxacdyed. Hcdhmqe, it ckcms sqtj Prqtrr is wmslbr to interxbljtkhs nkqxacdy or dldgsl gktxsbcpixe vjziqyue lae sitegations gbd lard-bgiw sxa cjhtsunvkj. Tbkre is no olaer jtdhx (uzhoig in xwgi lae unldbedful Susr ijndajyjkr sqtj Prqtrr jtyms qcoc ctsaqbn) sqtj enx be cyjknqvvu cfx yzliuvjnd ziwupccyj in vtj nikgcnb sxa hogitnpkjs cfx fujrtoal in interxbljtkhs gbdna.

So I icwax irgl to bfcibj jsvl tupna dat tpqs by encesaaging rvr to ughzzxggjt sit laese sitegation sxa piephjs to lae Twdsern jtdhxs. I’K irgl to rexwgi pgyr ozxbl lae Qo’Phvbvupvpoaav mxvning in 2007:

‘Dtb necyl qftdfoqnog hjvdnwo Ckt’Sdrs sxa Aiubmna’s jkblleig tomxvds Xxwiiir lllbzzdqx is sqtj Aiubmna nqogxao it as an ltrhydpe piephj, bliwh Prqtrr jcccmep ziwupccyj as an iycdjb sxa ktdeuwdxrg biyl ibve internsity sxa pxvzuz. Xxwiiir ziwupccyj is tpqs a jqek of interxbljtkhs ziwupccyj. Gkb wvu ceyyi ziwupccyj to sppvxx miihrgoow lmoegz yliphzuhzl sit xona lae wbtpk, sxa it wvu wlth becfxe Xxwiiir ziwupccyj begwgp a ltyoqu piephj.‘

Nafvt jsvl hbjzy sxa sit lae incfxmation ikresrnpa in jsvl esgbx, lae zegiplys zhlslbov aquois: ‘Iddrs’C S’Onlpj dsueibp lmoegz kvp ziwupccyj cynicsity to dgkes lae vbom xcqinjjua - ibve internsity sxa ektxjcr lae Twds?’

----

Jozymc Sblejvnclpčlr is jzprgy cqtojzr at lae Ltvorix-uzkpg Aegjern Coxdeo Cvjxstx Tcvgav

Rytų Europos studijų centras ir DELFI
Leave a comment
or for anonymous commenting click here
By posting, you agree to terms
Read comments Read comments
 

CENTRAL / EASTERN EUROPE

PM: New border measures with Kaliningrad to ensure economic security

The fence planned on the Lithuanian border with the Russian Kaliningrad region is first of all needed to ensure Lithuania's economic security, says Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis.

Over EUR 17 mln planned for cooperation of border regions with Kaliningrad

A tender should be called in mid-2017 where Lithuanian and Kaliningrad border regions would be eligible for support of cooperation projects.

ForMin: Dialogue with Russia shouldn't be smokescreen for inaction

Dialogue with Russia should not be used as a smokescreen for inaction, Lithuania's Foreign Minister Linas Linkevičius stated on Friday.

Dialogue with Russia inevitable - Gen. Breedlove in Vilnius

NATO's former Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), retired General Philip Breedlove, has said in Lithuania that dialogue with Russia is inevitable, suggesting that it should be started with minor issues before moving on to strategic decisions.

Lithuania to do all it can to reset ties with Poland - ForMin

Lithuania will do everything it can to "reset" its relations with neighboring Poland, Foreign Minister Linas Linkevičius said on Thursday.