Climate in medieval Lithuania
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Climate in medieval Lithuania
Artūras Dubonis | 2018 january 31 d. 09:05

From the eighth century onwards, climate in Europe was
becoming ever milder while the period from the 10th through
the 13th century is often referred to as the “warm Middle
Ages” or the “climatic optimum”. Summers were, on the
average, one to two degrees Celsius warmer compared to the
late 20th century, and precipitation was more abundant. The
warm and humid climate enabled more intense development of
agriculture and husbandry while also making use of new
crops. By burning out sections of wood, people were rapidly
expanding open areas for fields and grazing grasslands. Oat,
wheat, barley, all suitable for drier climate, were the
favourite corn, as well as the less-demanding rye.
Archaeologists date the first traces of winter rye fields in
the Samogitian Heights back at around the year 800.

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