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"Our Brexit heat map suggests that Lithuania, Latvia, Hungary and Poland are the most exposed if the UK leaves the EU, given their large migrant populations, remittances, trade links and the importance of EU funds to finance investment," Standard & Poor's said in a rating published in late June.
According to calculations made by the agency, Lithuanians make up 5.4% of the UK population, and their remittances account for 1.2% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP).
Standard & Poor's said EU funds make a large share of investments in Lithuania and the UK's departure from the community would lead to a decline in its budget and consequently a negative effect upon Lithuania.
Remittances to Lithuania from abroad last year totaled at about €1 billion, which accounts for nearly 3% of the GDP. A fourth of the sum comes from the UK.
According to Standard & Poor's, Lithuania ranks 1st in terms of Brexit vulnerability (rating of 3.44), followed by Latvia (3.32), Hungary (2.28), Poland (2.03), Slovakia (1.69) and Estonia (1.63). Russia is at the bottom of the vulnerability table (0.01). The index has been calculated by the volume of exports to the UK, share of immigrants to the UK, remittances and contributions to EU funds.
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