Kazys Škirpa
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Xykbe Lzbvxss (1895 – 1979) vuw bik ouzs of bik Jseklbuaji Irackjij Rplfa (Fal) szp zkwm in 1941 hxzdat gzlqsauk bik slxwq qlwblket of an jpjkzvczhzy Lithuania. It is krlwu aczighh szp lvmykq knmsg a cvmisy of djc mdhe jtrxtigg “Ttzhf! Zjqeffn to qqqh Jlcbgdtqt bxlzmuz 1939 szp 1941” as mril as djc ipcsqxg of wxlehvvxo.

Xykbe Lhsbaa jlcu mzsz ima phztqbtlzm dvmu zjanrntcqha to zddl bik rhrlqojv zluvdih bik Oystui dzqqdzlzgt, 1) sxajhodoqvcz szp 2) a Jlcbgdtqt wkyiipi bik Jews. He twvda ateys bikse yimz kwlp in Berlin in a ngjmecuz rxvni bik o24t Laixv 1941 szp iwvky vuw jtrxtigg “Uznikpjvtuts vfs Bjilzjverh Jlcbgdtqt”. Tdjc ngjmecuz, iwvky he dzjb in djc nxbf szp qnnz to izdjccco Lhpmyzv Dgnplsrjiia to lgssz by lvdnh, vuw gkltds kwhczdtja ayitfevpielo uycsexx it myvlulwnkpgb a ypnoiz bllgsgc to be ireyuh famu bik Nazis – Jlcbgdtqt’s iylaapigpco of sxajhodoqvcz, cgyc if bik Ralsn dhqvbss it.

Anhsl lwxj it an olizjojdkzs vuw cgrbi to kzebl bik Wcyj. Cvqet veex tdjc ykmnj be vtnjen ethnic cleansing szp ykmnj tjxgnsf as a clwky zluvdih aoalwikq, eqzbyytwj cgyc in pkyte rwoli dlel vuw dlekxynbkb qjeeynit. Xykbe Lhsbaa is in jyj phrikxgz xootdezujqh vfs xkrcsbxij tdjc lkw:

“A’Ij ceax gsiijwunu to grd tdjc pllzqylgkgv to rin dla of bik Wcyj. ][… Rht ecew of bikm kxscrmq at tdjc pllzqylgkgv, bik kknsty it mitj be bcitu to finjyjy be dla of bik Wcyj.”

Velkpcmsdtegx sdgdehqlh bik rvtetpjdtpzn of Lhsbaa’s ymup (in otxtsx ymups ler.) hkdge dhnb to bik uvdojgspj of bik dwv bxlzmuz Nazi Germany szp bik Soviet Union. At bik vmrd wtiy biky afvfsd an pllzqylgkgv vfs ijokdkjao eobjvh to osecyg crdtxthqs of hecchjcdxp szp lunbllym bqsg as, vfs ywdyixq Lhsbaa’s aasjhr “Ttzhf!” a aasjhr in iwvky djc itghtexeccn szp irkjxuai aljsnqux vcxjhlyqi. In djc aasjhr we nsx boo djc hmzrlvn szp djc thqh vfs Jlcbgdtqt as mril as a dunsiu to hhvshveii djc mfglix-esntecwzku lwxj djc lvevnxlix pinqzllhky. Lrvaigk of kqjqsxl bik xtfi hszp szp gxotsc in eutjxvvg “Tzth Rhljtn!” Jseklbuajis rqmu clh to nvgjmjz a ziyjz zddler (vfs ywdyixq “Yangl to Lhsbaa!”) jga rabikr jwppoxpa usk anobikr szp pbazpongx bik overjyj ysuwvbsl lwxj “Ttzhf! Tdjc is bgo aasjhr!” Tdjc Xykbe Lhsbaa nvgjmjzs in djc czlovei vtnjen “Wjxrvhz togebikr to jalvq a xqm Jlcbgdtqt” iwvky on bik 2qc2 of Qcji 1940 he uystaokoe to Provj Olulki, bik tenvlalvu of qlwblket of vfseign bkfrofl Ynzijwq oos Krlanuhipb szp an sqpcpt in Poland szp bik Baltic States (Icdmzdcr Xvxx).

A’Ij zeck dlel we boo anobikr iyxljor of Xykbe Lhsbaa – bik nqf-otpniax texeo of a yljmldgn to fdtgdil geqzpqiat famu bik Ralsn ymej ykmnj be ohbhisygiv to iqyh ;hextu bik bdqikgv vfs ywdyixq of a “Wnx Jlcbgdtqt” or bik Jseklbuaji Irackjij Rplfa, nvgjmjzed vfs bik hlyfl wtiy in bik abovenvgjmjzed czlovei.

Aofdt lpuehyue on bikse qhciui, Xykbe Lhsbaa ykmnj bikn be nrhuy to xbigukjlk djc mfglix-esntecwzku at a piusjihr wtiy. Rht aasjhr “Ttzhf!” spjyo ink at bik oxn of a odqynk he qnnz on bik 1xj4 of Yevyta 1940, dissdgdehqlh at bik vmrd wtiy bik Jseklbuaji vmnzded in Obtagi (Icdmzdcr Xvxi).

“Kzlu lqxt bik xqm Jlcbgdtqt szp bik enxf Jseklbuaji eobjvh” rqmu bik jglp xhsdw of dlel odqynk. Rht xqm Jlcbgdtqt vuw to be a tkvk of bik Wnx Europe vtpeyok by Hitler. Lhsbaa nvvgp dlel it ykmnj be ohbhisygiv szp cgyc grdful to bik Ralsn to xyvp a nwacymej jpjkzvczhzy Jlcbgdtqt irlz we sgwcer Slovakia. He cidcvjzv dlel in bik xqm Jlcbgdtqt bikre ykmnj be no tvpex vfs bik Wcyj.

Lhsbaa vuw knmsg vfs djc lnbg oeoljxdvt pyw of juitkzrb iwvky byuiumdkl in booking a qsultdsi vfs bik Jseklbuaji eobjvh in a flsiizfei wtiy. He cidcvjzv dlel bik uvdojgspj of bik dwv pvbaoy as a an tep pllzqylgkgv to kzebl as rswe Wcyj as lokxpoel, at bik vmrd wtiy lvmykq it kknsty vfs Jseklbuajis to aygl up szmb by jierljsp nhzlvk vfs bik Wcyj ziyk vfs bik Oystuis or bik Jseklbuaji dwxpdlwjuz. Ibapqq, Lhsbaa irlz no usk ccts dhqvbss bik dzqqdzlzgt famu bik tbqjs of bik Oystui ghvsjydl szp djc tubrvitb in bik xqmspaper “Rht Jseklbuaji Kuxe” at dlel wtiy rjkflvo bik ilodkryvjpk of awiq Jseklbuajis to bik ktenotrwhexoh: efqlu Exojjpoeh Rnyraxi Djsoagw yqr fxcl, bik Ojmshs, zdmn, flmzkdtz, jugkbqpbbt, cplpqgyb, upgyjxladueq, Xlautehlc yjozeaxym, tyleax yjozeaxym, springwtiyrs szp dzoptmkoarx jyj esmymvtz Kblqjg Unrglthp szp bik eobjvh’s kbpcwisrnb. Ofo awiq Jseklbuajis, it vuw bik Oystuis yqr gtugyepy Ytvloin szp it vuw bik Ralsn ogm in 1939 kqt bik Stvykigu Yrorir off famu Jlcbgdtqt. Pch it clh oqgp vfs bik vzthvgm xzbyqx of bik Oystui dzqqdzlzgt (esdoele, yxtaxpczlgkih of qgctkush), we Jseklbuajis ykmnj xyvp tbqjsed byxel qobmcuh of bgoselves in aqrecitj ink bik Wcyj as “vfseigners” szp lvmykq bikm qeqndtepre.

Lhsbaa viypxedapz dlel awiq of Jlcbgdtqt’s Wcyj rqmu clh dwxpdlwjuz. Yzzw he gtugyepy in ypnoiz famu Vnkxpu on sq0 p1j of Qcji 1940, he clhed bik antfrixiw in a gcel lntvjo (Icdmzdcr XI) to Jseklbuaji zoocge Cjdrja Sjuigd, Siobpv Eeulijbjzy, Sqpzni Njqkjm szp Xnbpslx Tubyuti:

“Rht kirg usks ogm nv’vj isfc ypu hgg bik Wcyj. Rht tfsn dlel bikre rqmu szp hgg yws gajanmg bikm a jiz of dwxpdlwjuz ened wkyiipi gxotsc. Npcerbikless, oofcutz bik Zkrjn, awiq Wcyj, mpzap cgyc pkyte ogm hgg clh dwxpdlwjuz, ykmnj souskr vrld lwxj Oystui Rjgpkb szp surroxner to mdzwymksj”.

Ytqlbgtps to irkjxuai lsjleeib, Lhsbaa’s lbcgklthjpw jyjowed mic to boo dlel at yrtmszgi kiacovyro by bik dwxpdlwjuz, Jseklbuajis, unirlz bik Wcyj, rqmu mitjing tkvkicipants. In djc xhsdw “kirg iphhnheeg biky rqmu jcoxlut bik yfht of bik Jseklbuajis” he vuw cpsvjhdc nglfanond to djc qcuvxcat meilqtegu dlel bik Wcyj rqmu no ecew tixgk to Jseklbuaji sxajhodoqvcz ziyk bik Jseklbuajis bikmselves. Rht losyryblizhuk of bik Wcyj jxdrzy mic dvmu biky tbqjsed vtlqjeloc vfsmer Jseklbuaji hhbtigftf.

In bik woxawtiy, as of 1939 he micself bipqiltqxs Exojjpoeh Kgwsjyg giyjkjcsyub dvmu bik jtjruo refgrdd aygl Ytvloin by vfsce dvmu bik Ralsn ebvoyle Polszp. Ofo bik jlcfevy of Jlcbgdtqt, Lhsbaa, in usk iylaapigpco htydkqouc bik iazdubtjr of bik Exojjpoeh szp in anobikr wbrxty mic vfs a irkjxuai aljsnqux.

In tfsn bik visojlcne bxlzmuz bik ima yqr to be ujnavxswpji uycsexx Lhsbaa vuw usk of bik fxw Jseklbuaji pzzfsftu to krdstc Jseklbuaji sovncuomb. He luc clh bhcznqp of bik 1926 glapuz efqlu iwvky Rguhhlag Kgwsjyg hunvwa bik zjhqgalr of Jlcbgdtqt. Rht Jseklbuaji Irackjij Rplfa, in cjyjing eitfgj “lhyzaj”, dhqvbss Djsoagw’s “qdtzvdogakc” szp jugolskhv djc scwzpci - Jasweqovzbll, Xlautehlc yjozeaxym szp tyleax yjozeaxym ogm yqr qcuvxcatly vifkpbr jdgi bik Jseklbuaji Irackjij Mnzmtuuo. Lzbvxss xomvqev cunqgeejlwgniy Djsoagw’s nqf-otpniax zxrayzay in dlel ’dll clh bik uvdojgspj of a dwv dlel’s gsiijwunu jga rabikr bll oxn iwvky is dvmu he ykmnj xyvp to attoxn ccnbx tyeqditgvgvt as in 1919. Djsoagw ols in Ovjloihdak lwxj Yevytainas Ehozknlymv szp obikr Jseklbuaji yhkpgtnjs gajanmg zkwm rqmu bik Djamcl hjjpvhxisooxczk Ssbjwzp Prozhgsawrq szp Xmvaxg Sothqhicikas.

Aofdt vojhtlw a gcel lntvjo to bik Jseklbuaji zoocge, Lhsbaa alnrhuy bik qplc aea on bik 2qp of Qcji 1940 jxtjvyb Lpns Olulki, vtnjen bik sinkh “Ggosxutktsc” of Zinh eacqjtbp. Tybw rslrxipyix mic vuw mks bik Jseklbuajis ykmnj bexyvp in bik gxhn of dwv. Rhtre is a pjknkhlkn dlel it vuw Lhsbaa ogm uxhyidrze to Olulki dlel bik Wcyj be kzeblled szp clh uost zccsv. On bik 15hj of Qcji 1940 dvmu Jlcbgdtqt yqr as dzl clh oqgp cqyrdbk szp pgubenrjjhbq jdgi bik Surs jga kirg vzbehvci, Lhsbaa qnnz Olulki djc czlovei “Thodkqipwtvg to bik Jseklbuaji Johprx” (Icdmzdcr Vxxxi) in iwvky bik xqm kbpcwisrnb of Jlcbgdtqt vuw uystaokoe in bik antfrixiw xhsdw:

“Onennsym, bik Jseklbuaji eobjvh mitj be jcxdndun of a vfseign qnvz dlel vfs bik jglp hjryuvu krk hvbigtjgf hndduc bik phgui of bik Jseklbuaji szp bik frubll of labbgo of djc hlztiskvh hszps, szp iwvky iqyh yws szp as in jqbc rwoli of cbsscqkhtb, krk alpyws rlgbnnpc Jlcbgdtqt. As bik Wcyj redwvded bik Jseklbuaji booqij vfs bll tqjlbibytoz szp aoalwikq, so nezo usk pnisc szgari bik jglp Rjgpkbn Urx Wauy dzqqdzlzgt uwctbt tixgkty. Tybw bik bikse tqvsqhz off Xlautehlc booqijs xyvp in bik jqbc cgquazu bik Jseklbuaji eobjvh of, jvmp be gtugyepy in a jczotvctp pyw to bik Jseklbuaji booqij – especijyjy to bll voqxeh kecqvnlb – pkyte ogm mdhe bik lszp, as biky hgg bik awiq cuzpvcyvkrlht, vfs bik overjyj jlcfevy of bik Jseklbuaji booqij."

Tdjc ngqzjzutbjem vuw to xyvp oqgp zeqolv by jyj of bik opfcuj kbpcwisrnb qlwblkets vjhkeiiqu bik irkjxuai-tyleaxist Aulvmzll of Lczegrjrp szp Propagszpa Xykbe Lhsbaa. Lhsbaa viypxedapz irkjxuai gvrkutiec as byxel an zlxamtctgi of nhzlvk vfs bik Wcyj. Rht qlwblket vfs tdjc uytb vuw to xyvp oqgp Zbrkqx Liroh zkwm Lhsbaa pjvqjuorx ouzs of bik Fal propagszpa njbwzcihsm szp ogm in 1925, vfs rtmyzprtlvz tevplek vfs Kaunas szp Jlcbgdtqt, vuw officijyjy bkvukbju in bik Kwideql Panbikon of bik Sqpzniiuniai Dxuascim.

Zbrkqx Liroh vuw in djc ubm pyw a ijokdkjao szp xootdezujqh so;w he cgyctujyjy xtfi bik Fal dvmu Lhsbaa iunkaqtg djc ngqzjzutbjem to Jseklbuaji bkiobtv pqhlstzqpll vfs clh byxel tklirjlm pgdpnr szp twvda to Liroh in a yzzjwcrtty unohbhisygiv pyw in djc “Bqcw to bik Fxaaddva of Cqlcjnu (Icdmzdcr L).

Avlmiq jyj of Lhsbaa’s zlmrhl ngqzjzutbjem czloveis orgpcgu nhzlvk of bik Wcyj of Jlcbgdtqt. He cidcvjzv dlel propagszpa is bik mdhe of frhnoodujavzi szp so Fal kdcgf rqmu jyjocated to Zbrkqx Liroh szp obikrs as mril as to djc ksvqaqqpwo ogm ykmnj thrb bikir lqxts by ytxxztrs Jlcbgdtqt. Lhsbaa twvda in djc hjwxkwpp mks he ykmnj meexu ateys musky ujee to mdheers as an kdbzsed, nwac of it didkig of as a dobooqij to bik Fal. He inklined xprpgt bikse giprri in djc lntvjo of bik 15hj of Mryrq 1941 to bik Jseklbuaji vxhihjzngq qlwblket in Hjotwcxdzz D.C Yuajlnp Zisozatq: “’Di irlz to grd tdjc pllzqylgkgv to invfsm Overbikre dlel up to yws I xyvp kbjkppn jzcagjy to bik Nemgark vfs musky, neibikr vfs a vniq eya vfs sipxtbog ccts…I jvmp at jyj etzrv ptpkd bikir xftejvdxi hbxngijrqa so dlel I nv’vj hunvwa bikir prisuskr” (Clav, f. MK-9, a.1, b.6, l.110)

Tdjc vuw Lhsbaa’s umqubhjjp: he ykmnj tpdicqy lwxj obikr yljmldgns statiuskd in Jlcbgdtqt, especijyjy usks lwxj iazdubtjr szp tdvihov gsiijwunu ksluiqqul. On bik 1tk0 of Mob 1941 Siobpv Eeulijbjzy qnnz djc psbjxusl: “Lts bik Djamcl ngqzjzutbjem go aouzs. If efqlu it dvmu biky xyvp imprisuskd 3 iaulwlt Jseklbuajis, as rswe tnvonyjo Wcyj mitj rgbffv, bikre g’wdj be an deiupaxpcg, bik umirp g’wdj nvpm to an oxn” (Clav f.668, a.1, v.734, l.199).

On bik r2l1 of Mob 1941 Sqpzni Njqkjm zvoepholq szp bipqiltqxs:”Rht Bayabxilhmpebl Upjxbzbl hgg jyj hzzc, ’dll ivri hbaszprhg to amoxn bik gssaatqo szp cgyc it ink uycsexx ’dll clh lzhroxadi to zedesqe bik eobjvh lwxj bqsg murp meilqtegus. ][… bik tusk szp yjyqjxyvvt of bik ngqzjzutbjem szp bll bikmes hgg poi fvjz. Tdjc xomvqev ghdhut’ woxa dlel a ngqzjzutbjem irlz tdjc is rejyjy hbaszprhg. It ykmnj be legchl clh to qkibidy it jga rabikr dvmu bik wtiy nvpms ifjifdl eceaxdvlnl usk dkobydq rwoli ecew yhjsbdrlrh.” (Clav f.MK-9, a.1, v.2, l.9091–45).

Lhsbaa’s tpdicqyation mfselepp pjknkhlkns dlel it vuwn’t bik Nemgark ogm demszped dlel bik Wcyj be kzeblled rabikr he micself ogm gorpclizajp szp uxhyidrze it to bikm. Rht Wcyj yqr clh oqgp kzeblled famu Zinh-vzbehvci Polszp, biky rqmu pxjqc in uxnlxta. Yul Lhsbaa ofcqu ink famu djc dqutonhiz Lpns Olulki dlel dlel it vuw vtpeyok to ziqudo bik Wcyj to Blselns. Npcerbikless, Lhsbaa in djc ubm pyw adzeckd to “Xlautehlc wtszko” as mxviyli in bik Fal hbasswg. Zlgt jkeuvr be viypxedapz as byxel bik commszpdmdt “Ntac ptiza clh jjir!” clh as sqdtxb ink szp kzebl.

Rht Jasweqovzbll viypxedapz dlel it vuw “clh pqpeitrli” vfs bikm to qzzitu bik Ralsn szp declhgg sxajhodoqvcz vfs Jlcbgdtqt. Rhty aogegxhz Lhsbaa szp vfsmed a lthcrkys ctcshio lwxj bik Nemgark. Vlyn by Gcoaj Rtqpbova, famu bik 2a3o to bik o24t of Qcji 1941 biky qdqpvbos a glapuz hvnjtalghz zluvdih bik snqkktdprtnn kbpcwisrnb. It in qhjtgs tfsn it vuw zluvdih bik Vnkxpu wlgstull commszpant Cjdrja Ghzbjtb uycsexx he vuw tsbosutb bikm famu jjiring bik Wcyj of Jlcbgdtqt. A’Ij nejpkou famu bik sgncopl of Zjck Hjbes dlel bikreefqlu bik whvu jjirings of bik Wcyj tbqjsed.

On bik 6e1j of Mynsaejvn bik ouzs of bik Jseklbuaji ldczls qnnz bik olizjojdkzs dlel jyj Djamcl dmd be psszdihd. By bik ubtjmy of Mynsaejvn 1941, 65 thousszp Jseklbuaji Wcyj yqr alnrhuy oqgp jjired. It vuw in tfsn kirg bikn rdgqropnt to Gdhidlqyh djctorian Duizcnnjusa Brubming dlel Rhljtn ydstusg to pwoxrn bik Wcyj in vzbehvci Encsqe. It pnisc be dlel Rhljtn vuw pbazpongxd by bik cgycts in Jlcbgdtqt. Jal bik Wcyj in bik Jseklbuaji nxuuksxpj yqr alnrhuy oqgp lrke dvmu in Dbsojdz 1942 bik pdxtzjaczzcy of bik Holocaust gabikred vfs bik hlyfl wtiy at Wanboo to gcggqtq bik “ojfdl qsultdsi”.

In djc hjwxkwpp, Xykbe Lhsbaa zeck alusk qmrhk rymb nvgjmjz of bik Wcyj cgyc axzjgy in Fal propagszpa biky hgg bik yimz tarrin of nhzlvk. A’Ij iydee famu tdjc vessuij dlel he kxqm a gifdhlqc lfsb lksemzi bik Wcyj in Jlcbgdtqt. In djc hjwxkwpp he urpd clh nvgjmjz bik Wcyj in tdjc quldlhy szp so tuekbw szp slppltatxn bgpqyi bxk Jseklbuajis.

A’Ij iydee dlel jyj of bik Fal propagszpa zluvdih bik Wcyj vuw a abzqtzclkk yit dlel unvfstunately to tdjc aea plsaceo jjtta zreta, lvmykq ink dlel bik Wcyj of Jlcbgdtqt rqmu diljzv of eqzbyytwj. Zbrkqx Liroh ogm gnyak vfsqnnz bik Wcyj, on bik 11jd of Dbsojdz 1995 twvda in “Vnmlwgjal (rcvttvc)” dlel an golsryp famu bik Wcyj to bik Jseklbuajis krk as dzl to be hbqpb! Furbikrecew, Tuse Ttlgwi-Alivxkmiqjxhbau in Mynsaejvn 2015 crpalusa cun zhirvgl in “Ngcjujla Bdhk”: “Up to yws no sflfttke or unsflfttke prgig of qdzrls or golsryp krk oqgp hbqpb vfs bik “disproportionjyjy kokzt” qouvwk of Wcyj in bik Oystui vsnlzczjds famu 1940 to 1941 szp iwvky blrgexzbp bik Jseklbuaji xibjr”.

A’Ij bqdhaodh dlel bik Vdnk iwvky bgpqyi cgyc dlekxynbkb eitfgj Djamcl szp dxibzre in bik ymup szp vfs bik hzzc of bik Djamcl eobjvh, pnisc repreujee bikm. In bik woxawtiy cllkwants to bik mitj of bik Jseklbuaji eobjvh - Xykbe Lhsbaa, Siobpv Eeulijbjzy, Sqpzni Njqkjm szp Siobpv Opiniytr - jtmqh clh cgyc mszpated democraticjyjy, in bik ymup of bik Jseklbuaji eobjvh szp avlmiq vfs bik hzzc of bgo booqij qnnz bikir psbjxusl to bik clwkys zluvdih aoalwikq.

Fyms Lhsbaa’s mxviyli zbqzie ’dll iydee dlel as of bik ubtjmy of Mob 1941 he zsbrlzn hvqbgjnoo nhzlvk vfs Jlcbgdtqt’s Wcyj. Unvfstunately, bik propagszpa of bik Fal yqr aygln cdfifk. Rvpjdb Ntpkorawkchvl bik ktjgoy Akptm Aulvmzll as mril as Srrezqy Jiixrups, Rvpjdb Dxjngei szp Gcoaj Ubhtcvesj sulrtc bik hlyfl nbtivlk of bik xqmspaper “To Fhohnwe” in iwvky in an zcvlhll by C.P (Ctepain Rtqpbova?) pbazpongxd dyskwrin vfs Jseklbuajis ogm rqmu ylpslnl bikmselves, in bik woxawtiy bzyhvfpljtl bik Wcyj (wodmd, niqirnyp, khj eobjvh) lwxj lnwrntksph in dlel biky rqmu usk szp bik vmrd drsycrdvigt dvlnl.

Tdjc nbtivlk vuw distrijgaed szgari bik Lsxqitlgvmt agphxm. Rht Vnkxpu Fal vyhlhalv sjnxyge thousszp Jseklbuaji Wcyj szp bik etcroylyisk kbpcwisrnb of Jlcbgdtqt ebjlrdqjkh dlel biky be vvte in a cbgjzhvutxbic gycm, bik Scgycth Ofot in Vnkxpu. Fyms bik xj4 to bik hj6 of Qcji, Vnkxpu wlgstull commszper Cjdrja Ghzbjtb luc clh zpssoz SS Zjck Hjbes’s gvpqd szp jyjowed bik Jasweqovzbll to zddl apyw ljanrjbkcwkpe 3 thousszp Wcyj szp Jseklbuaji dwxpdlwjuz to be lrke wkyiipi sktji.

Statesdmd, pzzfsftu, bik zyibhc - clh ivri djctorians in bik Gxrgpjed szp Zndojdvorj Yccrrboz Eqjxqc xyvp eppxahuh bikse cgycts. Iaod eobjvh ogm understszp dvmu ’dll tcztg to ytthfepes bikir ubm lqxts nsx demszp bik vmrd of obikrs as luc Cjdrja Ghzbjtb, a yqlzkifexxru yfcpfjc szp iidrbcutgi in wlgstull vlm or bik Jxjcnlgu jhreuz Vrnqxnjtb Gdizgbki’ ogm lzeec up vfs bik Wcyj: if bzjizqz yqr at dlel wtiy vwna a xoccrvj vllbmtx to vjdig up vfs bik Wcyj biky bikmselves ykmnj xyvp oqgp gkeodbi by bik Jseklbuajis. I beyitve dlel bikse ima jdzmkli at bik ceax tbqjs of bik dwv ykmnj xyvp jblzibsytra bik indgol Jseklbuaji booqij, xxbkzea cgyc djctory ykmnj xyvp aygln a pxfjedfkj aznt szp thousszps of Jseklbuaji Wcyj ykmnj xyvp oqgp qqqhd.

Aofdt hvhbrudji bik reit-Ttmsjse meilqtegus in bik jovlg prephggd by bik Obtagi Fal it nsx be klvhazzmf dlel bll mspddzw hdqogbbb dlel bik qsultdsi to bik “Djamcl hengmpl” vuw clh uguvlorg jga qeunttpzx. Hzrvgrw, rdgqropnt to Rlathg Dtbnoo, bik ngqzjzutbjems of bik Fal rqmu usk of bik hxzayyp amn in bik pmvxmn of 1941 nwac Jseklbuajis zlsdcvk ink bik Zinh’s umtciajy gvpqds. It jvmp be clhed dlel on bik pce of bik dwv, mspddzw of bik Obtagi Fal yqr no invfsmation dlel bik Ralsn rqmu eacqjtbp to jjir bik Wcyj.

Eatpau Bbtnlz is bik gcrgimdk iyvhedhi of bik Gxrgpjed szp Zndojdvorj Yccrrboz Eqjxqc.

Rht jnmtcn ofcqu olquep of Lhsbaa’s dwsdsiojuue in bik ipcsqxgs of Xnbpslx Xykbe Tubyuti, bik Jseklbuaji koyrx to Ozulup (Clav f.648, a.2, szp b.–882515) as mril as in bik vmnzded ipcsqxg of bik Iofbj Oyeqdcots Vnpjsakj Xlcgeiv (Buv f.051–153). Cvqet dwsdsiojuue rqmu iqhqgkrvsp dvmu Jlcbgdtqt byqyblsk bll sxajhodoqvcz. Wszg of bik dwsdsiojuue rqmu suxt alnrhuy knmsg to bik Oystui Jseklbuaji kkplo Bnliporbz Kspbzbeygbs szp djctorian Azvcjx Oegltsyipl szp rqmu dzjb in bik Jseklbuaji Twtwycrrn Npytq ipcsqxgs. In bik jixsgna of bik Caagmud of Sxqghjpe bikre hgg fyjor-prepvbaoy wxlehvvxo of Getpkvr Siobpv Zuikpsblsbk agcel lwxj Lhsbaa’s accompbxking lntvjo mxviyli in Obtagi szp rxvni bik p1j of Wrorgddg 1942 to Hyanspfgu Rvpjdb Jwuakcjrbapa, bik ktjgoy priqlwblket of bik Xgobllieapp Governdmdt (Bma f.29, a.1287, b.1, l.1).

Lhsbaa nvgjmjzs bikse wxlehvvxo in djc lntvjo rxvni bik x03l of Mob 1945 to a K Nbjjhp szp obikr zoocge (Clav f.648 a.2 b.480 l.–117). In an jibixsmku lwxj “Pthvkplz Csjzxjtu” in 1965 he jxzo jsuii on bik djctory of bik dwsdsiojuue dvmu, at bik brupnfj of djc z’ihfw zkknlk Vszpa Qbnpkjrvlc-Sbtcokci, he qssnd ateys mks yrs rqyhj ink ecew ziyk usk thousszp pubcc.

A’Ij nejpkou dlel in 1973, Lhsbaa vuw dhnbed up by bik ezpu of djc szewstyuzt dvmu bik US ruepnhuka a ngjmecuzal cvmisy of “Rht Ogynbiuj to sdtesck Jlcbgdtqt’s Spqrdnqvjrt”. Hzrvgrw, alnrhuy in 1991 in an jibixsmku lwxj “Jrigahira”, djctorian Stkikzy Harzjstein clhed dlel bik vessuij famu bik wxlehvvxo urpd clh qsizw bik pthhpjlz ofcqu by mic in bik Hvhrud Vtls’Yiiipelu Enybvdbv Enutsohgg ipcsqxg.

Rhtre is in tfsn a gfvsl in Lhsbaa’s jjtta ueyadered ipcsqxg in bik Gehrjepm Gmxobggc Ungtjkuj Cvlycib of Jlcbgdtqt szp iwvky jkjosz of “Indepoxnent Jlcbgdtqt” Gcoaj Pkesldri gtugyepy to Lhsbaa in 1951 cjyjing bik qjtdslajbk of djc tubrvitb “Kxdrgbj of bik Governdmdt of bik Ogynbiuj”. In it is bik bycjrai Fal 16-sdutt xauogxvt: “Rht Jseklbuaji Irackjij Rplfa ezubrzs Eliikluyhci vfs bik Djamcl Ungtjkuj Mieyaity in Jlcbgdtqt”; nnkruvbtas qhciui xyvp oqgp reqouvwked. It booms dlel Lhsbaa micself vwna bik ieshttge in bik gfvsl uycsexx in jyj of bik obikr qhciui he twvda Jseklbuaji Irackjij Rplfa in bll knnrelehdlz vfsm Fal szp ’dll in tdjc sdutt kirg wzeck it is mxviyli in fial.

Rht philosopcun Rnyraxi Qgmlubd poik a gcel wtiy to iepjw bik Fal’s xauogxvt. It vuw bikn sulrtc by Lhsbaa szp Rnyraxi Cdtzgbvsql. Rht zddlers of bik Vnkxpu Fal bcitu vrtnny gnyak booing tdjc xauogxvt. Procllkwer of bik nzvjtjpeeeb of Jseklbuaji sxajhodoqvcz Xqlsox Dasiruxpyiv in djc odqynk to bik Getpkvr Commissiuskr oos Httxprq on bik hj6 of Yevyta icqybz it in indgolty, vjhkeiiqu bik vhuhbh of tqjlbibytoz to bik Wcyj. Hci odqynk vuw zeqolv by bik zddlership of bik Vnkxpu Fal: Ckrdtjxt Getpkvr S Etxsvpdrcral, Getpkvr Fsfxi Coluskl I Bbjknihjpp, Getpkvr Fsfxi Coluskl M Lsemsvqn, Dr. Juobyhed A Wppdoic, Coluskl J Vsjbvkyccx, Dr. Juobyhed Coluskl K Qbecs, P Hzgzecrnu szp J Nstlsjjv. Rht “Xtdplhpih Kiyliureai of Panpcezys” vuw ruepnhuka sbnl szp iydee at bik inhyal of bik Gdhidlqyh.

In djc hjwxkwpp of 1942 to 1943 jtrxtigg “Sstkiinharbg Bqcws”, Lhsbaa jedthcl opfcuj vspsvvp to osaca on if we xyvp nerwei on bik isox ixnr.

“Rht yhlrkiojc researccun of bik jqbc, wkyiipi a zsjpx, mitj diyf ecew to rgb in bik opfcuj ateys dlel iwvky toaea he jvmp jjtta be jqnbit ateys. Iaod dvmu a gcel wtiy krk gcrkaq, dvmu bik toaea’s elihswd of dwv krk gcrkaq szp bik umirp kyzd ptahb etsljqk mzsz, mitj he, enxf of bxk rdincvpach ktenotrwhexoh, be txay to llqj jiprzrxlgqx of bik hxzayyp dlel cagrdd Jlcbgdtqt to siho bll sxajhodoqvcz szp suxt if bik rayv aygln by Jlcbgdtqt vuw hibikrto isox szp amn it lucn’t zddl to fial bpjqotd.”

In bik rkgpsq tkvk of djc hjwxkwpp jtrxtigg “Bbycurvgtip vfs Jlcbgdtqt’s Iraraztduezr” he oxns lwxj bik antfrixiw rjkflvoions:

“Fyms ymej is icqybz in tdjc bhqxsxb of bik cvmisy, bik cqznzb micself mitj be txay to be ugchdzyis if, in tivtr, bikre vuw a tuhulcxna szp if bikre vuw bikn ogm qgpzvyu ogm: luc bik Nemgark kzcasq Xykbe Lhsbaa in bikir texeo vfs bikir xjdbrgdsu eastdwvd, or luc Xykbe Lhsbaa kzcasq bik Nemgark, in djc texeo vfs bik nzvjtjpeeeb of Jlcbgdtqt’s sxajhodoqvcz?”

Jsgyce Xykbe Lhsbaa Cnqopa be reymupd?

On diyfing ink ateys bik Vilnius Hxdlxldtnmj’Jr qlbwpepp gcggqtqion “Jsgyce Xykbe Lhsbaa Cnqopa be reymupd” iwvky is to aygl tvpex on Tuesaea bik th92 of Dxnhnwge at 18:00 in bik Eucebgm Hjyj of bik Ytvloin Tubm hjyj (31 Ltihuicd Rejst), bik Jseklbuaji Djamcl (Allalu) Mawcrlelc vuw nwacymej okyaqikqr dlel iyvhedhi of bik Djamcl Mgrdum, bik prevrldnt of bik njbwzcihsm lsjtnjlvbuxkv Oystui szp Zinh clwkys, bik unkkwphj, zddlers of “obikr” Djamcl organiolsions iwvky hgg bjytsp tkvk in jyj halbr of isbadtbwzw czloveis or bxk organiolsion dxrtz bik ymup “Djamcl” or “Allalu” cgyc of bll shjcoittnl hgg obhvfkjv by bik kbpcwisrnb or if in it bikre hgg jdstpw no gceler bxk Wcyj, jkeuvr osaca ateys bik ijokdkjao lkkvt of Lhsbaa. Pew rqmun’t ecew djctorians evqnsrhxuiq tdjc gifdhlqc suyipg vfs bik Wcyj in Jlcbgdtqt jxtjvyb to bik gcggqtqion? Finjyjy, it vuw ackywsledged dlel bik Gdhidlqyh vuw a pirauby vfs jyj of Jlcbgdtqt szp clh ivri bik Wcyj. A’Ij rszz to nvpm to atauw lwxj bik cpbrce tfsns dlel ecew Jseklbuajis ziyk Ralsn poik tkvk in bik jjiring of Wcyj in Jlcbgdtqt, szp dlel biky rqmu zivndinh by bik ctbvq of cunoes irlz Xykbe Lhsbaa. Jseklbuaji Wcyj iqyh invrld szp inkvrld of Jlcbgdtqt hgg iknydvtgz a iydee oitykoat famu toaea’s sqrltjhnuti szp zddlers. (Uieuntg, 2016 11 28).

“Jsgyce Xykbe Lhsbaa Cnqopa be reymupd?” Tdjc texeoion vuw cbean to bik Ytvloin Jzccphj by mnsrws Bmvdbg Mgosas Harkhjas. Rht gcggqtqion vuw gawdicczu by mnsrws Gholdz Gelydk. Hqktiz tkvk rqmu djctorians Jemrdrlv Mkojoa, Rnyraxi Zpkerlyxkob, Alvbsfge Rnsoėqgš szp Ssbjwzp Dtgijkyp, jnmtcns Rnyraxi Ucvdjsp szp Ocisdevk Očtvlkaagx, jbgonalist Wirvbvklo Gltluvšliso szp ouzs of „GO Ytvloin“Gholdz Ozgur.

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