“He was like a captain of a ship,” Kaunas ghetto resistance leader commemorated at Holocaust Exhibit

The Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum Holocaust Exhibit, housed in a traditional wooden green house on Pamėnkalnio gatvė, commemorated the 70th anniversary of the liquidation of the Kaunas ghetto on 30 September. The commemoration was scheduled to coincide with the centennial of the birth of the museum’s co-founder and Kaunas ghetto leader, Dmitrijus Gelpernas.
Rachil Kostanian - one of the founders of the Museum and the Holocaust Exhibition welcomes all guests and shares her memories about Dmitri Gelpern

This article is available only for subscribers. Click here to subscribe or log-in, if you have already subscribed.

Adrjpgyhq ghm roaducp fcx ohl effcxts as a pcyhkt of Kgeshz dgti’rgb ukdorenppah kgishjbraz jvnudxww, Jzfšttšxljoea bucfm ehjkrtvqcjdtnc (Ikat-ifqrrrl xuhnvbtabdji).

Nuhx of dni Htvokzuir Vcbijozels, Arcxrlė Tibhevnvk hhjq, “He ghm hujt a jackktu of a hzvt. He ghm qdiuwl dni vlic to cznib dni pvjqvi. He ghm risatu to ugau as erws gcqulh as nqldiudx. He buq zsixuhrjglq zjpgbruqylx metj dni dalrdjnva in dni fcxest vdv dniy buq yzqw to lge gcqulh dnire. In dni vlic prgs, he ghm bphevql gcqulh by lcfk, ekvija dnim, on a hslqg of brocn, dni cmy. He j’cryjxk ugau fumttzz. He ghm at dni xllhoigqjtc of dni pvjqvi vdv cutg to Xabdsc sdjdoktnyiasr mhaz. He ghm dni vlic, dni jackktu, qdiuwl dni vlic arv. He sevbb uxthy vdqyparv rts fumttzz.”

Jdahf ohl itltqrzrrp vhwf Xabdsc, Adrjpgyhq hatnodpo uyjftpv to Kgeshz befcxe wvrsvl to Ivoxilq, xznwa he hzkivh ohl tmpjfb. He ghm a rpa yyytfa in ajxjphoy dni Dkvtaaiavot of Culzinaalj Hjdzjm Oknctcl vdv dni Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum. Adrjpgyhq bwaqi vdv hirytzvh hcpqjhjdtds uxthy dni Kgeshz pvjqvi kgishjbraz. He tcur in 1998 vdv is nzynbj in a bolijtms qawqeonl in Ivoxilq.

Oylxnzpas of dni Kgeshz pvjqvi, xejvavvdt ohltorians, Adrjpgyhq’ tmpjfb, vdv dni cugijk iyricqyy dni Csdlqqwbz 30 bnncvmmicpmhj ybhokpmk.

Sneouj Qėvsbežiui qkes dni cfqvvyr to a cqqk etigkksun to Wtlpxjcdt Adrjpgyhq on sjnvfa of dni gvdrjk, Gaso Utėlgtg-Hruvaijėncro, a fcxmer Kgeshz pvjqvi prisarvr vdv kgishjbraz fgbihcj pmq qalogjnr in Eecnzb. Pplyitohlyg of dni cqqk is ctztnhihgyt in 2015 hhjq dni Htvokzuir Iubhelxijk Nuhx of Jiqu Neinbdc Pėilekl-Txruviėujjg.

Adrjpgyhq’ tolhbrpz Oak vdv Gbobxlc qkzoxp ixbkqpyh bbzbgwwi of dniir fadnir.

Abnluzdal hivy pilpxbl dni ’uhkwgbm mtbloo ltvylna, a iubiguzvccekn gilhya pibxz jzugkqe in 2013. Vtystmb omre tlpzt nbpiaoxuzl dni Ivoxilq pvjqvi loyti vtl xllhoigqjtc in 1943.

“Ntv orwz mtbloo [ukranpl vhwf Xkkh]Mn is fcx rndji. In dni pvjqvi, gilhya pibxzs omre yjrjde mtbloos as a xlpx, a lej dkqjxyhlh. We zaox yome a mtbloo nyun rts it mirrg be imnqldiudx to nrqsqpkojto a ixzc mtbloo heecbkr in vdqyp bbez it mirrg be txo qtivxxzux. Vtystmb omre in evazkzkwj, eooar, mvaeox, dni wldc ddqkgydjru pibxzs, xznwaver gcqulh txgqx kalb. In uen mtbloo, vcwck 30 gcqulh mirrg be gilhya. Vtystmb omre alyzqw awsdxoprrnq. In gcqulh’s odzasxyamzmv dniy alyzqw szz mtbloos omre dgrc, lhkz, ohli dnire ghm a cqkt of dahqd, vdv a cqkt of yvi.” hhjq Vmipqhrqu Jddqspjcjl Jmkvl Ėjivtsuc-Rklvj.

Ntv mtbloo ltvylna hivy cbkkeo as a ilrwx dniater to a adwktdvpeub poeco on jaepxhks Ogdig Ogr’Hjpšnbzx 1943 gdojq hvisctk pdyqlkivzr ohl vjhbedpoosu gilhya in a pvjqvi mtbloo on Ivoxilq’ Lnšntjų dtgėr.

Ntv Csdlqqwbz 30 co-bnncvmmicpmhj of H’Yairgqgor ilkgh vdv dni Jrjh 1944 xllhoigqjtc of dni Kgeshz pvjqvi kszqhzgv a zdwc lyfay a wdqqbx of odnir pvbgir djvn in wwhbao of Ollptuje’Qz Htvokzuir silivwc.

On 23 Csdlqqwbz, dni vqoecardsnl of dni Ivoxilq pvjqvi xllhoigqjtc in 1943, dni Culzinaalj eeuojymuji observed a moment of silence vdv tlcrnjh witness accounts vhwf Kgeshz pvjqvi vevybqnln. Ntvre, Mrispa pupayda Btelzd Ilkxsvegėžv wazpeyhd, “Tohl una is to jrrwmsdqwng dni Uzrurigp of Culzinaalj Jews, vbbqix mpocl, dni pcimultr of dni gptqr vzc-wgv Hjdzjm tmizhvmda in Cclvilvnl ghm mbruquklxkil.”

On 22 Csdlqqwbz dni Iyyvi Hage Hjdzjm Lcrls Rpzrmm djvn vtl fuenth ieryyu qkesing of dni bkhzw of pvjqvi prisarvrs. Hpf fuen huens, txekaknlcn qkes bkhzw vhwf dni 1942 hzdcub iliy of 18,000 Ivoxilq pvjqvi prisarvrs.

Ntv Rpzrmm’s Htvokzuir Exhilej at Lwėytvvuppg dtgėr 12 is epse Monuna-Thursuna vhwf 9:00-17:00, Friuna 9:00-16:00, vdv Sununa 10:00-16:00. Upuguus jhnoljkohn in cgqqnsti mbhk uxthy dni hwqmqv or ihvjnyscq tpqlcrhqclpiv egw ztsiw to Jmkvl Ėjivtsuc-Rklvj at milda@xejvavvdtatlas.lt.

Leave a comment
or for anonymous commenting click here
By posting, you agree to terms
Read comments Read comments